Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Territorial Behaviour of Juvenile Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar L.)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

$30.00+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Behaviour

1. The territorial behaviour of young Atlantic salmon is described from observations made in the field and the laboratory. Six agonistic activities occur during the defence of territories; these are charging, nipping, chasing, frontal display, lateral display and fleeing. Certain colour changes of the fish are associated with extremes of aggression and submission. 2. The causation of the six agonistic acts is discussed. Charging, nipping and chasing result from high attack tendencies; fleeing is a result of high escape tendencies. Frontal and lateral displays occur as a result of conflict between attack and escape and are most common during fights between two aggressive fish when conflict is presumed to be high. Frontal display indicates relatively high levels of the tendency to attack; lateral display of the tendency to escape. 3. Agonistic behaviour among aquarium-held fish fluctuates with several factors. Territories are not defended actively until after a period of adaptation to new surroundings, particularly if the fish have been kept in crowded holding tanks for some time. Agonistic encounters increase with more frequent feeding, due probably to better condition and greater activity of the fish, resulting in more frequent infringements of territories. Gradual increase in numbers of fish in an aquarium leads first to an increase, then to a falling off in agonistic activity, as the non-territory-holding fish, which are moderately active with small numbers of fish present, form a closely-knit, stabilized group as the aquarium becomes crowded. 4. The territories of young salmon appear to be primarily feeding territories. The behaviour associated with their maintenance is important for optimum growth and survival and for maintaining position for long periods in fast flowing streams. The fate of hatchery-reared fish planted in rivers may be related to their ability to secure and maintain territories in competition with wild fish.


Article metrics loading...


Affiliations: 1: Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, N.B.; 2: Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Canada


Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to email alerts
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library

    Thank you

    Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation