Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Individual Characteristics in the Calls of Reindeer Calves

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

In a study of the individuality in the voice of reindeer calves, sound spectrograms of calls from IO equal-aged calves were analysed. The following variables were selected and measured as to the degree of inter-individual overlapping: A) Duration of the call. B) Fundamental frequency. C-E) Frequency of the first, the second and the third formant. F-G) Difference in frequency between the first and the second and between the second and the third formant. H) The shape of the fundamental. I-K) The shape of the first, the second and the third formant. The variables were considered distinct to a calf if they were overlapped to less than 25 percent by the range of the same variable in another calf. No particular variable characterized the calves throughout, but in relation to any other calf, each was characterized by one or more variables. It is suggested that the call is characterized by interaction of different features, by the "Gestalt" of the call. Although individuality has been shown in the structure of the calls, it has not yet been investigated to what extent the separate individual characteristics are actually recognized as distinctive by the mothers.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology, University of Stockholm, Sweden


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation