Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Breeding Behavior of a Lacustrine Population of Threespine Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus Aculeatus L.)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

The breeding behavior of threespine sticklebacks from Wapato Lake, Washington, U.S.A., was investigated using the ethological approach. Much of the breeding effort of males was synchronized and there were 3 peaks of abundance during the 100 day period of major breeding. In June, a male's cycle lasted 13 to 14 days during which an average male collected 1000 eggs from about 10 females. Superior reproductive success of males was associated with nesting early in the season, in vegetated littoral areas of the lake, in deep water, and in shelter habitat. A male's level of aggression, body color, boldness toward predators, nest concealment behavior, and egg stealing behavior changed during his reproductive cycle. The changes in body color and behavior seemed related to a decreasing emphasis on stealing eggs from a rival's nest and an increasing emphasis on parental care. Most nest offspring were cannibalised within 2 days after fertilization. Neighboring males in all stages of breeding used solitary sneaking behavior to steal eggs from a rival's nest and most eggs were stolen by parental males. Raider packs, composed of hundreds of non-breeding male and female adults, also raided nests causing a total loss of the nest and its contents. Raiding of nests by breeding males seemed related to a shortage of food resources. Females often courted males prior to spawning. The incidence of this behavior seemed related to an excess of females.

Affiliations: 1: College of Fisheries, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash., U.S.A


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation