Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Elicitation of Vocalizations and Pecking in Ring-Billed Gull Chicks

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

$30.00+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Behaviour

Laboratory experiments were conducted on ring-billed gull chicks to ascertain the effect of different stimuli on the frequency of peer and distress calling or pecking at visual objects. Hungry chicks pecked more and gave more peer calls than satiated chicks but fewer distress calls. Cold, a sudden noise, and pain produced an increase in distress calling but a decrease in peer calling. Conversely, increased warmth and pressure on a chick's back- stimuli associated with brooding - produced the opposite effect. Presentation of visual models, especially those resembling gulls, resulted in an increase in pecking and peer calling and a decrease in distress calling. Models with small visual features were effective in eliciting pecks but not peer calls. The playback of different parental calls had little effect on the response tendencies of either hand-reared or parent-reared chicks although parent-reared chicks emitted fewer distress calls during the alert call playback than during any of the other calls. These results support the hypothesis that in the ring-billed gull, the distress call is a request for general aid and is given when a chick is in physical discomfort or out of visual contact with its parent whereas the peer call is a request for food and is given by hungry chicks, especially when stimuli indicate the parents' proximity to the chick.


Article metrics loading...


Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology, Washington State University, Pullman, Wash., U.S.A.


Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to email alerts
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library

    Thank you

    Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation