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Effects of Social Rearing Conditions and Partus Experience On Periparturitional Behaviour in Java-Macaques (Macaca Fascicularis) by

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In this study we investigated the effects of social rearing conditions and partus experience on maternal behaviour directly preceding, during and directly following chidbirth. Two rearing conditions obtained: grown up within the birth-group which included the mother and other non-peers, and grown up in a peer-group. With respect to partus experience two classes obtained: primiparae, whose first partus we observed, and pluriparae, of which a later partus was studied. It appeared that the behaviour of the mothers directly before the partus was not affected by the selected variables. Neither during, nor closely after the partus the mothers' behaviour was influenced by earlier rearing conditions, but it was affected by partus experience. Pluriparae proved more capable than primiparae in handling child and placenta. The effects of partus experience can be explained in terms of state dependent novelty. Learning in the mother is effected via her own child.

Affiliations: 1: (Department of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands


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