Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Rank Maintenance in Female Japanese Macaques: Experimental Evidence for Social Dependency

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

In many species of cercopithecines characterized by a matrilineal dominance system, a female inherits her mother's rank (genealogical rank) and there is no correlation between a female's genealogical rank and her physical strength. This paper explores the determinants of rank maintenance and rank stability in such systems. Theoretically, a female might be in need of allies to maintain her rank because (1) she could be challenged by single larger females in dyadic agonistic interactions, and/or (2) she could be challenged by smaller or same-size females acting together (rebellious coalitions). A series of experiments designed to test these two possibilities were carried out in a captive group of Japanese macaques (N = 17) comprised of three families with similar age-sex compositions. Experimental subgroups of females were formed to test the capacity of a single female (i. e. with none of her relatives present) to maintain her rank above genealogically subordinate females (G-Subordinate females) in four social situations: (a) with same-age G-Subordinate females; (b) with a single, older G-Subordinate female, (c) with a group of G-Subordinate sisters, and (d) with a complete G-Subordinate family. Sixty seven experimental subgroups were formed, and 45% of these induced genealogical rank reversals. Low-ranking females appeared to be conditional opportunists who competed for rank only in situations where they clearly had more relative power than the single G-Dominant female (minimal risk strategy). In the experimental subgroups where a G-subordinate female was by herself (no kin present: situations a and b above), she challenged a single G-Dominant female only if the latter was younger and smaller than herself, and she did so only if the G-Dominant female was immature ( 3). Thus, single G-subordinate females did not challenge single same-age G-Dominant females nor did they even challenge single younger G-Dominant females if the latter were mature. In contrast, in the experimental subgroups comprised of a G-Subordinate kin group (situations c and d above), G-Subordinate females could challenge collectively, and outrank, single G-Dominant females, regardless of the latter's age (size). One important implication of these findings is that any female, regardless of her age, is dependent on allies (sensu KAWAI, 1965) to maintain her rank. Thus the hierarchy's stability in matrilineal dominance systems would reflect the existence of inter-individual differences in alliance power, such that for any dyad the G-Dominant female has more collective power than the G-Subordinate female. Two categories of mechanisms are discussed in this context. Stability might result from the dynamics of intra-familial alliances (power asymmetry or power equality among kin-based coalitions) and/or from the dynamics of inter-familial alliances (asymmetry of inter-familial dependence).

Affiliations: 1: (Département d'Anthropologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3J7

10.1163/156853988X00593
/content/journals/10.1163/156853988x00593
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853988x00593
Loading

Data & Media loading...

http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/156853988x00593
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853988x00593
1988-01-01
2016-12-11

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation