Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Nodding: an Appeasement Behaviour of Pigeons (Columba Livia)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the Brill platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Behaviour

A variety of displays performed by social animals in agonistic encounters are termed "appeasement behaviours", although experimental proof of the appeasing effect is rare. In pigeons, nodding occurs in both sexes during courtship and pair formation, often in response to an aggressive act of the mate. Tame domestic pigeons (Columba livia) which courted and attacked the human hand, were used to test the effect of imitations of nodding versus two alternative stimuli: the hand held still in front of the bird or waved horizontally. In all six birds (two males and four females) presentation of the nodding hand had two effects: (1) It instantaneously reduced or stopped aggressive pecking (inhibition), and (2) it stimulated-faster than the other stimuli-the occurrence of nest demonstration, a squatting attitude characterizing a non-aggressive state (appeasement). Low correlation between peck rate and time until nest demonstration (latency) suggested that inhibition and appeasement arc based on different motivational processes. The significant decrease of both peck rate and latency over the 20 day testing period probably reflected habituation to the mate's presence. The combined information from this and other studies suggests that short- and long-term processes are both involved in the development of non-aggressive long-term relationships between aggressive conspecifics.

Affiliations: 1: Zoologisches Institut, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 3, D-2000 Hamburg 13; 2: Max-Planck-Institut für Verhaltensphysiologie, D-8131 Seewiesen, F.R.G


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation