Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

It takes two to tango: female movement facilitates male mate location in wild northern watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

To facilitate location of mating partners, females of many taxa emit chemical signals (i.e., sex pheromones) to inform male conspecifics of their location and reproductive status. Males subsequently alter their movements to increase their likelihood of encountering females and this movement has been historically viewed as a primary determinant of mate location. However, because of the method of female sex pheromone release, particularly via terrestrial trails, female movement likely contributes to mate location; however, information on this topic is lacking. We monitored the movements of 27 free-ranging radio-equipped adult female northern watersnakes (Nerodia sipedon) during the 2007–2009 mating seasons to determine if females employed movement tactics to facilitate location by males. For a limited period following shedding, female movement increased. During this period, they were approximately five times more likely to be located by a male than during the remainder of the mating period. Further, females experienced maximum male mate location following shedding. Because increased movement is associated with increased costs, females may minimise these costs by restricting this risky behavior to a limited period of time when their attractiveness and/or receptiveness is presumed to peak.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Saint Louis University, 3507 Laclede Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63103, USA

10.1163/1568539X-00003128
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003128
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003128
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Aldridge R.D. , Brown W.S. ( 1995). "Male reproductive cycle, age at maturity, and cost of reproduction in the timber rattlesnake ( Crotalus horridus)". — J. Herpetol. Vol 29: 399- 407. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1564990
2. Aldridge R.D. , Bufalino A.P. , Reeves A. ( 2005). "Pheromone communication in the watersnake, Nerodia sipedon: a mechanistic difference between semi-aquatic and terrestrial species". — Am. Midl. Nat. Vol 154: 412- 422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031(2005)154[0412:PCITWN]2.0.CO;2
3. Arnqvist G. , Rowe L. ( 1995). "Sexual conflict and arms races between the sexes: a morphological adaptation for control of mating in a female insect". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 261: 123- 127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1995.0126
4. Bartelt R.J. , Schaner A.M. , Jacson L.L. ( 1985). " cis-Vaccenyl acetate as an aggregation pheromone in Drosophila melanogaster ". — J. Chem. Ecol. Vol 11: 1747- 1756. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01012124
5. Blouin-Demers G. , Weatherhead P.J. ( 2002). "Implications of movement patterns for gene flow in black rat snakes ( Elaphe obsoleta)". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 80: 1162- 1172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z02-096
6. Blum M.S. ( 1969). "Alarm pheromones". — Annu. Rev. Entomol. Vol 14: 57- 80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.14.010169.000421
7. Bonnet X. , Naulleau G. , Shine R. ( 1999). "The dangers of leaving home: dispersal and mortality in snakes". — Biol. Conserv. Vol 89: 39- 50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(98)00140-2
8. Brillet C. ( 1990). "Role des informations olfactives et visuelles dans la discrimination du sexe chez deux especes de geckos nocturnes: Eublepharus maculariuset Paroedura pictus ". — Biol. Behav. Vol 15: 1- 20.
9. Brown G.P. , Weatherhead P.J. ( 1999). "Female distribution affects mate searching and sexual selection in male northern water snakes ( Nerodia sipedon)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 47: 9- 16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650050644
10. Ciofi C. , Chelazzi G. ( 1994). "Analysis of homing pattern in the colubrid snake Coluber viridiflavus ". — J. Herpetol. Vol 28: 477- 484. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1564961
11. Duvall D. , Arnold S.J. , Schuett G.W. ( 1992). "Pitviper mating systems: ecological potential, sexual selection, and microevolution". — In: Biology of the pitvipers( Campbell J.A. , Brodie E.D. , eds). Selva, Tyler, TX, p.  321- 336.
12. Duvall D. , Schuett G.W. ( 1997). "Straight-line movement and competitive mate searching in prairie rattlesnakes, Crotalus viridis viridis ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 54: 329- 334. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0418
13. Eberhard W.G. ( 2002). "The function of female resistance behavior: intromission by male coercion vs female cooperation in sepsid flies (Diptera: Sepsidae)". — Rev. Biol. Trop. Vol 50: 485- 505.
14. Ford N.B. , Low J.R. Jr. ( 1984). "Sex pheromone source location by garter snakes: a mechanism for detection of direction in nonvolatile trails". — J. Chem. Ecol. Vol 10: 1193- 1199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00988548
15. Hooge P.N. , Eichenlaub B. ( 2000). Animal movement extension to Arcview. Version 2.0. Alaska Science Center — Biological Science Office, U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK.
16. Jellen B.C. , Shepard D.B. , Dreslik M.J. , Phillips C.A. ( 2007). "Male movement and body size affect mate acquisition in the eastern massasauga ( Sistrurus catenatus)". — J. Herpetol. Vol 41: 451- 457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1670/0022-1511(2007)41[451:MMABSA]2.0.CO;2
17. Jellen B.C. , Graham S.P. , Aldridge R.D. , Earley R.L. ( 2014). "Oestrus in a secretive species: endogenous estradiol varies throughout the shed cycle and influences attractiveness in wild northern watersnakes ( Nerodia sipedon)". — Behaviour Vol 151, doi: BEH 3127.
18. Karlson P. , Lüscher M. ( 1959). ‘ "Pheromones’: a new term for a class of biologically active substances". — Nature Vol 183: 55- 56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/183055a0
19. King R.B. , Turmo J.R. ( 1997). "The effects of ecdysis on feeding frequency and behavior of the common garter snake ( Thamnophis sirtalis)". — J. Herpetol. Vol 31: 310- 312. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1565405
20. Kubie J.L. , Cohen J. , Halpern M. ( 1978). "Shedding of estradiol treated garter snakes enhances their sexual attractiveness and that of untreated penmates". — Anim. Behav. Vol 26: 562- 570. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-3472(78)90071-4
21. Law J.H. , Regnier F.E. ( 1971). "Pheromones". — Annu. Rev. Biochem. Vol 40: 533- 548. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.bi.40.070171.002533
22. LeMaster M.P. , Mason R.T. ( 2001). "Evidence for a female sex pheromone mediating male trailing behavior in the red-sided garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis ". — Chemoecology Vol 11: 149- 152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/PL00001845
23. Madsen T. ( 1984). "Movements, home range size and habitat use of radio-tracked grass snakes ( Natrix natrix) in Southern Sweden". — Copeia: 707- 713. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1445153
24. Madsen T. , Shine R. , Loman J. , Håkansson T. ( 1992). "Why do female adders copulate so frequently?"— Nature Vol 355: 440- 441. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/355440a0
25. Madsen T. , Shine R. , Loman J. , Håkansson T. ( 1993). "Determinants of mating success in male adders, Vipera berus ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 45: 491- 499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1993.1060
26. Mason R.T. ( 1992). "Reptilian pheromones". — In: Biology of the reptilia, Vol Vol. 18 E: hormones, brain and behavior( Gans C. , Crews D. , eds). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, p.  114- 228.
27. Mason R.T. , Chinn J.W. , Crews D. ( 1987). "Sex and seasonal differences in the skin lipids of garter snakes". — Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol 87B: 999- 1003.
28. Newcomer S.C. , Zeh J.A. , Zeh D.W. ( 1999). "Genetic benefits enhance the reproductive success of polyandrous females". — Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol 96: 10236- 10241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.18.10236
29. Noble G.K. ( 1937). "The sense organs involved in the courtship of Storeria, Thamnophisand other snakes". — Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Vol 73: 673- 725.
30. Parker G.A. ( 1984). "Sperm competition and the evolution of animal mating strategies". — In: Sperm competition and the evolution of animal mating systems( Smith R.L. , ed.). Academic Press, London, p.  1- 60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-652570-0.50008-7
31. Pattishall A. , Cundall D. ( 2008). "Spatial biology of northern watersnakes ( Nerodia sipedon) living along an urban stream". — Copeia: 752- 762. http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/CH-07-228
32. Pattishall A. , Cundall D. ( 2009). "Habitat use by synurbic watersnakes ( Nerodia sipedon)". — Copeia: 183- 198.
33. Prosser M.R. , Weatherhead P.J. , Gibbs H.L. , Brown G.P. ( 2002). "Genetic analysis of the mating system and opportunity for sexual selection in northern water snakes ( Nerodia sipedon)". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 13: 800- 807. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/13.6.800
34. Reinert H.K. , Cundall D. ( 1982). "An improved surgical implantation method for radio-tracking snakes". — Copeia: 702- 705. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1444674
35. Reinert H.K. , Zappalorti R.T. ( 1988). "Timber rattlesnakes ( Crotalus horridus) of the Pine Barrens: their movement patterns and habitat preference". — Copeia: 964- 978. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1445720
36. Roe J.H. , Kingsbury B.A. , Herbert N.R. ( 2004). "Comparative water snake ecology: conservation of mobile animals that use temporally dynamic resources". — Biol. Conserv. Vol 118: 79- 89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2003.07.010
37. Roth T.C. II , Greene B.D. ( 2006). "Movement patterns and home range use of the northern watersnake ( Nerodia sipedon)". — Copeia: 544- 551. http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/0045-8511(2006)2006[544:MPAHRU]2.0.CO;2
38. Schaefer W.H. ( 1934). "Diagnosis of sex in snakes". — Copeia: 181. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1435852
39. Schuett G.W. ( 1997). "Body size and agonistic experience affect dominance and mating success in male copperheads". — Anim. Behav. Vol 54: 213- 224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0417
40. Secor S.M. ( 1994). "Ecological significance of movements and activity range for the sidewinder, Crotalus cerastes ". — Copeia: 631- 645. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1447179
41. Shepard D.B. , Dreslik M.J. , Jellen B.C. , Phillips C.A. ( 2008). "Reptile road mortality around an oasis in the Illinois corn desert with emphasis on the endangered eastern Massasauga". — Copeia: 350- 359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1643/CE-06-276
42. Shine R. , LeMaster M.P. , Moore I.T. , Olsson M.M. , Mason R.T. ( 2001). "Bumpus in the snake den: effects of sex, size, and body condition on mortality of red-sided garter snakes". — Evolution Vol 55: 598- 604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2001)055[0598:BITSDE]2.0.CO;2
43. Shine R. , Mason R.T. ( 2012). "An airborne sex pheromone in snakes". — Biol. Lett. Vol 8: 183- 185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2011.0802
44. Slip D.J. , Shine R. ( 1988). "Habitat use, movements and activity patterns of free-ranging diamond pythons, Morelia spilota spilota(Serpentes: Boidae): a radiotelemetric study". — Aust. Wildlife Res. Vol 15: 515- 531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR9880515
45. Stockley P. , Searle J.B. , Mackonald D.W. , Jones C.S. ( 1993). "Female multiple mating behaviour in the common shrew as a strategy to reduce inbreeding". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 254: 173- 179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1993.0143
46. Tiebout H.M. III , Cary J.R. ( 1987). "Dynamic spatial ecology of the water snake, Nerodia sipedon ". — Copeia: 1- 18. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1446031
47. Tregenza T. , Wedell N. ( 2002). "Polyandrous females avoid costs of inbreeding". — Nature Vol 415: 71- 73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/415071a
48. Weatherhead P.J. , Prosser M.R. , Gibbs H.L. , Brown G.P. ( 2002). "Male reproductive success and sexual selection in northern water snakes determined by microsatellite DNA analysis". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 13: 808- 815. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/13.6.808
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003128
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003128
2014-01-01
2016-12-03

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation