Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Mating in the presence of a competitor: audience effects may promote male social tolerance in polyandrous siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus) groups

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

Audience effects on sexual behavior, including changes in copulation frequency and duration in the presence of conspecifics, have been reported in multimale–multifemale groups of several primate species. We examined the interaction of male sexual behavior with group composition and within-group mating pattern in a population of siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) containing unimale–unifemale groups and multimale–unifemale groups using mixed models. Aggression in a sexual context was never observed. As predicted, however, copulation rates were lower and copulations were significantly shorter in duration in two-male groups than in unimale groups, even if copulations involving subordinate males were excluded. Dominant males monopolized copulations with the group female in most groups, but copulations were shared among males in three stable two-male groups. When both resident males copulated with the group’s female, there was no evidence that copulating pairs moved to secluded areas, and the duration of copulations did not differ between males. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that male–male tolerance in multimale siamang groups is facilitated by adjustments to sexual behavior in the presence of a sexual competitor.

Affiliations: 1: aDepartment of Anthropology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA

10.1163/1568539X-00003170
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003170
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003170
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adler N.T. ( 1969). "Effects of the male’s copulatory behavior on successful pregnancy of the female rat". — J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. Vol 69: 613- 622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0028244
2. Alberts S. , Altmann J. , Wilson M.L. ( 1996). "Mate guarding constrains foraging activity of male baboons". — Anim. Behav. Vol 51: 1269- 1277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0131
3. Altmann J. ( 1974). "Observational study of behavior: sampling methods". — Behaviour Vol 49: 227- 267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853974X00534
4. Barelli C. , Matsudaira K. , Wolf T. , Roos C. , Heistermann M. , Hodges K. , Ishida T. , Malaivijitnond S. , Reichard U.H. ( 2013). "Extra-pair paternity confirmed in wild white-handed gibbons". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 75: 1185- 1195.
5. Beach F.A. ( 1976). "Sexual attractivity, proceptivity, and receptivity in female mammals". — Horm. Behav. Vol 7: 105- 138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0018-506X(76)90008-8
6. Birkhead T.R. , Atkin L. , Møller A.P. ( 1987). "Copulation behavior in birds". — Behaviour Vol 101: 101- 138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853987X00396
7. Brockelman W.Y. ( 2009). "Ecology and the social system of gibbons". — In: The gibbons: new perspectives on small ape socioecology and population biology( Lappan S. , Whittaker D.J. , eds). Springer, New York, NY, p.  211- 240.
8. Bruce K.E. , Estep D.Q. ( 1992). "Interruption of and harrassment during copulation by stumptailed macaques, Macaca arctoides ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 44: 1029- 1044. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80315-X
9. Campbell C. ( 2006). "Copulation in free-ranging black-handed spider monkeys ( Ateles geoffroyi)". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 68: 507- 511. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20246
10. Cant J. , Johnstone R.A. ( 2000). "Power struggles, dominance testing, and reproductive skew". — Am. Nat. Vol 155: 406- 417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/303328
11. Chapais B. ( 1983). "Reproductive activity in relation to male dominance and the likelihood of ovulation in rhesus monkeys". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 12: 215- 228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00290774
12. Chivers D.J. ( 1974). The siamang in Malaya: a field study of a primate in tropical rain forest. — Karger, Basel.
13. Clay Z. , Zuberbühler K. ( 2012). "Communication during sex among female bonobos: effects of dominance, solicitation, and audience". — Sci. Rep. Vol 2: 291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00291
14. Clutton-Brock T.H. ( 1998). "Reproductive skew, concessions and limited control". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 13: 288- 292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(98)01402-5
15. Davies N.B. , Hartley I.R. , Hatchwell B.J. , Langmore N.E. ( 1996). "Female control of copulations to maximize male help: a comparison of polygynandrous alpine accentors, Prunella collaris, and dunnocks, P. modularis ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 51: 27- 47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0003
16. deCatanzaro D. , MacNiven E. , Rucciuti F. ( 1991). "Comparison of the adverse effects of adrenal and ovarian steroids on early pregnancy in mice". — Psychoneuroendocrinology Vol 16: 525- 536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0306-4530(91)90036-S
17. Dewsbury D.A. ( 1972). "Patterns of copulatory behavior in male mammals". — Q. Rev. Biol. Vol 47: 1- 33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/407097
18. Dickenson J.L. ( 2001). "Extrapair copulations in western bluebirds ( Sialia mexicana): female receptivity favors older males". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 50: 423- 429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650100381
19. Dubois F. , Belzile A. ( 2012). "Audience effect alters male mating preferences in zebra finches ( Taeniopygia guttata)". — PLoS ONE Vol 7: e43697.
20. Edvardsson M. , Canal D. ( 2006). "The effects of copulation duration in the bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus ". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 17: 430- 434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arj045
21. Elder A.A. ( 2013). Competition among three primate species at Way Canguk, Sumatra, Indonesia. — Unpubl. PhD thesis, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY.
22. Erskine M.S. , Kornberg E. , Cherry J.A. ( 1989). "Paced copulation in rats: effects of intromission frequency and duration on luteal activation and estrous length". — Physiol. Behav. Vol 45: 33- 39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(89)90163-7
23. Fuentes A. ( 2000). "Hylobatid communities: changing views on pair bonding and social organization in hominoids". — Yrbk. Phys. Anthropol. Vol 43: 33- 60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1096-8644(2000)43:31+<33::AID-AJPA3>3.0.CO;2-D
24. Gill C.J. , Rissman E.F. ( 1997). "Female sexual behavior is inhibited by short- and long-term food restriction". — Physiol. Behav. Vol 61: 387- 394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(96)00449-0
25. Himuro C. , Fujisaki K. ( 2012). "The effects of male harassment on mating duration in the seed bug, Togo hemipterus ". — Endomol. Exp. Appl. Vol 142: 53- 59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.2011.01199.x
26. Hohmann G. , Fruth B. ( 2003). "Intra- and inter-sexual aggression by bonobos in the context of mating". — Behaviour Vol 140: 1389- 1413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853903771980648
27. Hunter F.M. , Petrie M. , Otronen M. , Birkhead T.R. , Møller A.P. ( 1993). "Why do females copulate repeatedly with one male?"— Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 8: 21- 26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(93)90126-A
28. Janson C. ( 1984). "Female choice and mating system of the brown capuchin monkey Cebus apella(Primates: Cebidae)". — Z. Tierpsychol. Vol 65: 177- 200.
29. Kaburu S.S.K. , Inoue S. , Newton-Fisher N.E. ( 2013). "Death of the alpha: within-community lethal violence among chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains National Park". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 75: 789- 797. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22135
30. Kinnaird M.F. , O’Brien T.G. ( 1998). "Ecological effects of wildfire on lowland rainforest in Sumatra". — Conserv. Biol. Vol 12: 954- 956. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1998.012005954.x
31. Lappan S. ( 2005). Biparental care and male reproductive strategies in siamangs ( Symphalangus syndactylus) in southern Sumatra. — Dissertation, New York University, New York, NY.
32. Lappan S. ( 2007a). "Patterns of dispersal in Sumatran siamangs ( Symphalangus syndactylus): preliminary mtDNA evidence suggests more frequent male than female dispersal to adjacent groups". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 69: 692- 698. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20382
33. Lappan S. ( 2007b). "Social relationships among males in multi-male siamang groups". — Int. J. Primatol. Vol 28: 369- 387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10764-007-9122-z
34. Lindsay D.R. , Dunsmore D.G. , Williams J.D. , Syme G.J. ( 1976). "Audience effects on the mating behaviour of rams". — Anim. Behav. Vol 24: 818- 821. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(76)80012-7
35. Linklater W.L. , Cameron E.Z. ( 2000). "Tests for cooperative behavior between stallions". — Anim. Behav. Vol 60: 731- 734. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.2000.1525
36. Manson J.H. ( 1994). "Male aggression: a cost to female mate choice in Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques". — Anim. Behav. Vol 48: 473- 475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1994.1262
37. Manson J.H. ( 1996). "Male dominance and mount series duration in Cayo Santiago rhesus macaques". — Anim. Behav. Vol 51: 1219- 1231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0127
38. Marler C.A. , Moore M.C. ( 1989). "Time and energy costs of aggression in testosterone-implanted free-living male mountain spiny lizards ( Sceloporus jarrovi)". — Physiol. Zool. Vol 62: 1334- 1350.
39. Matos R. , Schlupp I. ( 2005). "Performing in front of an audience: signallers and the social environment". — In: Animal communication networks( McGregor P.K. , ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
40. Matsumoto-Oda A. ( 1999). "Female choice in the opportunistic mating of wild chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) at Mahali". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 46: 258- 266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650050618
41. Mitani J.C. ( 1984). "The behavioral regulation of monogamy in gibbons ( Hylobates muelleri)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 15: 225- 229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00292979
42. Mitani J.C. ( 1987). "Territoriality and monogamy among agile gibbons ( Hylobates agilis)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 20: 265- 269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00292179
43. Møller A.P. , Birkhead T.R. ( 1989). "Copulation behaviour in mammals: evidence that sperm competition is widespread". — Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Vol 38: 119- 131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1989.tb01569.x
44. Morino L. ( 2009). "Monogamy in mammals: expanding the perspective on Hylobatid mating systems". — In: The gibbons: new perspectives on small ape socioecology and population biology( Lappan S. , Whittaker D.J. , eds). Springer, New York, NY, p.  279- 312.
45. Morino L. ( 2012). Behavioral endocrinology of wild male siamangs ( Symphalangus syndactylus). — Unpubl. PhD thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ.
46. Mumme R.L. , Koenig W.D. , Pitelka F.A. ( 1983). "Mate guarding in the Acorn Woodpecker: within-group reproductive competition in a cooperative breeder". — Anim. Behav. Vol 31: 1094- 1106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(83)80017-7
47. Nakamura M. ( 1998). "Multiple mating and cooperative breeding in polygynandrous alpine accentors I. Competition among females". — Anim. Behav. Vol 56: 259- 275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1997.0725
48. Nicholson A.J. ( 1954). "An outline of the dynamics of animal populations". — Aust. J. Zool. Vol 2: 9- 65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ZO9540009
49. Nurcahyo A. ( 1999). Studi perilaku harian siamang ( Hylobates syndactylus) di taman nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan, Lampung. — Unpubl. BSc thesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
50. O’Brien T.G. , Kinnaird M.F. , Anton N. , Prasetyaningrum M.D.P. , Iqbal M. ( 2003). "Fire, demography and the persistence of siamang ( Symphalangus syndactylus: Hylobatidae) in a Sumatran rainforest". — Anim. Conserv. Vol 6: 115- 121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1367943003003159
51. Overduin-de Vries A.M. , Maassen J.J.M. , Spruijt B.M. , Sterck E.H.M. ( 2012). "Sneaky monkeys: an audience effect of male rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta) on sexual behavior". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 74: 217- 228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.21988
52. Padur L. , Wedekind J. , Öztürk O. , Streit B. , Tiedemann R. , Plath M. ( 2009). "Do audience effects lead to relaxed male sexual harassment?"— Behaviour Vol 146: 1739- 1758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/000579509X12483520922124
53. Palombit R.A. ( 1993). "Lethal territorial aggression in a monogamous primate". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 31: 311- 318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.1350310407
54. Palombit R.A. ( 1994). "Dynamic pair bonds in hylobatids: implications regarding monogamous social systems". — Behaviour Vol 128: 65- 101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853994X00055
55. Parker G.A. ( 1974). "Courtship persistence and female guarding as male time investment strategies". — Behaviour Vol 48: 157- 184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853974X00327
56. Petrie M. ( 1992). "Copulation frequency in birds: why do females copulate more than once with the same male". — Anim. Behav. Vol 44: 790- 792. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80309-4
57. Pilastro A. , Mandelli M. , Gasparini C. , Dadda M. , Bisazza A. ( 2007). "Copulation duration, insemination efficiency and male attractiveness in guppies". — Anim. Behav. Vol 74: 321- 328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.09.016
58. Raemaekers J.J. , Raemaekers P.M. ( 1985). "Field playback of loud calls to gibbons ( Hylobates lar): territorial, sex-specific and species-specific responses". — Anim. Behav. Vol 33: 481- 493. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(85)80071-3
59. Ruiz de Elvira M. , Herndon J.G. ( 1986). "Disruption of sexual behaviour by high ranking rhesus monkeys ( Macaca mulatta)". — Behaviour Vol 96: 227- 240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853986X00496
60. Sapolsky R.M. ( 2005). "The influence of social hierarchy on primate health". — Science Vol 308: 648- 652. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1106477
61. Silk J.B. ( 2002). "Kin selection in primate groups". — Int. J. Primatol. Vol 23: 849- 875. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015581016205
62. Toner J.P. , Adler N.T. ( 1986). "The pre-ejaculatory behavior of male and female rats affects the number of sperm in the vagina and uterus". — Physiol. Behav. Vol 36: 363- 367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(86)90030-2
63. Townsend C.R. , Deschner T. , Zuberbühler K. ( 2008). "Female chimpanzees use copulation calls flexibly to prevent social competition". — PLoS ONE Vol 3, DOI: . http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002431
64. Townsend C.R. , Zuberbühler K. ( 2009). "Audience effects in chimpanzee copulation calls". — Common Integr. Biol. Vol 2: 282- 289. http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cib.2.3.6796
65. Watts D.P. ( 1998). "Coalitionary mate guarding by male chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 44: 43- 55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650050513
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003170
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003170
2014-05-15
2018-09-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation