Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Experimental analysis of predator and prey detection abilities in rainforest: who has the advantage?

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

Recent theoretical analyses have shown that anti-predator benefits in social groups depend on the attack distance of the predator relative to prey spacing within groups. Both attack distance and prey spacing depend on the ability of predator and prey to detect each other. Previous work on forest predators suggest that many depend on surprise to ambush their prey, thus we test the hypothesis that detection distances by eagles of monkeys are greater than vice versa, despite the supposed advantages of sociality in facilitating detection of predators by prey. We used field experiments in the wild to assess detection distances of both raptor predators and their natural monkey prey. Live hawk-eagles (Spizaetus), under rehabilitation from injury, were placed tethered to perches in the home ranges of two habituated wild study groups of tufted capuchin monkeys (Cebus (apella) nigritus) in Iguazú National Park, Argentina. Analysis of video footage of the eagles during the approach of capuchin monkey groups allowed us to define the first moment of behaviours indicating detection by the eagle; detection behaviours of the monkeys near the eagle were recorded observationally by field assistants. The hawk-eagles always detected the monkeys (average distance 31.9 m) before the monkeys detected the predators (average distance 9.4 m). Predators always initially detected one or two spatially-peripheral individuals of the prey group. Distance of detection by the predators (and thus maximum possible attack distances) was significantly less than the prey group spread of 42–57 m. The short detection (and consequent short attack) distances by eagles of monkey prey in this habitat suggests that early warning of attacking eagles may not be a primary benefit of grouping in this case.

Affiliations: 1: aDivision of Biological Sciences, The University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA; 2: dInstituto de Biología Subtropical, Universidad Nacional de Misiones, Puerto Iguazú, Argentina

10.1163/1568539X-00003198
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003198
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003198
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Andersson M. , Wallander J. , Isaksson D. ( 2009). "Predator perches: a visual search perspective". — Funct. Ecol. Vol 23: 373- 379. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01512.x
2. Bednekoff P.A. , Lima S.L. ( 1998). "Re-examining safety in numbers: interactions between risk dilution and collective detection depend upon predator targeting behaviour". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 265: 2021- 2026. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0535
3. Blumstein D.T. , Fernandez-Juricic E. , LeDee O. , Larsen E. , Rodriguez-Prieto I. , Zugmeyer C. ( 2004). "Avian risk assessment: effects of perching height and detectability". — Ethology Vol 110: 273- 285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.2004.00970.x
4. Boinski S. , Kauffman L. , Westoll A. , Stickler C.M. , Cropp S. , Ehmke E. ( 2003). "Are vigilance, risk from avian predators and group size consequences of habitat structure? A comparison of three species of squirrel monkey ( Saimiri oerstedii, S. boliviensis, and S. sciureus)". — Behaviour Vol 140: 1421- 1467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853903771980666
5. Boland C.R.J. ( 2003). "An experimental test of predator detection rates using groups of free-living emus". — Ethology Vol 109: 209- 222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0310.2003.00860.x
6. Caro T. ( 2005). Antipredator defenses in birds and mammals. — Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL.
7. Cowlishaw G. ( 1997a). "Alarm calling and implications for risk perception in a desert baboon population". — Ethology Vol 103: 384- 394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0310.1997.tb00154.x
8. Cowlishaw G. ( 1997b). "Trade-offs between foraging and predation risk determine habitat use in a desert baboon population". — Anim. Behav. Vol 53: 667- 686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0298
9. Cresswell W. , Lind J. , Kaby U. , Quinn J.L. , Jakobsson S. ( 2003). "Does an opportunistic predator preferentially attack nonvigilant prey?"— Anim. Behav. Vol 66: 643- 648. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.2003.2233
10. Cresswell W. , Lind J. , Quinn J.L. ( 2010). "Predator-hunting success and prey vulnerability: quantifying the spatial scale over which lethal and non-lethal effects of predation occur". — J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 79: 556- 562. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01671.x
11. Cuadrado M. , Martin J. , Lopez P. ( 2001). "Camouflage and escape decisions in the common chameleon Chamaeleo chamaeleon ". — Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Vol 72: 547- 554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2001.tb01337.x
12. Di Bitetti M. ( 2001). The adaptive significance of food-associated calls in the tufted capuchin monkey ( Cebus apella). — PhD dissertation, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY.
13. Ebensperger L.A. , Wallem P.K. ( 2002). "Grouping increases the ability of the social rodent, Octodon degus, to detect predators when using exposed microhabitats". — Oikos Vol 98: 491- 497. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.980313.x
14. Hamilton W.D. ( 1971). "Geometry for the selfish herd". — J. Theor. Biol. Vol 31: 295- 311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(71)90189-5
15. Hilton G.M. , Cresswell W. , Ruxton G.D. ( 1999). "Intraflock variation in the speed of escape-flight response on attack by an avian predator". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 10: 391- 395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/10.4.391
16. Hirsch B.T. ( 2002). "Social monitoring and vigilance behavior in brown capuchin monkeys ( Cebus apella)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 52: 458- 464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-002-0536-5
17. Hirsch B.T. , Morrell L.J. ( 2011). "Measuring marginal predation in animal groups". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 22: 648- 656. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arr026
18. Hoogland J.L. ( 1981). "The evolution of coloniality in white-tailed and black-tailed prairie dogs (Sciuridae: Cynomys leucurusand C. ludovicianus)". — Ecology Vol 62: 252- 272. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1936685
19. James R. , Bennett P.G. , Krause J. ( 2004). "Geometry for mutualistic and selfish herds: the limited domain of danger". — J. Theor. Biol. Vol 228: 107- 113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2003.12.005
20. Janson C.H. ( 1990). "Ecological consequences of individual spatial choice in foraging brown capuchin monkeys ( Cebus apella)". — Anim. Behav. Vol 38: 922- 934. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80994-7
21. Janson C.H. ( 1998a). "Experimental evidence for spatial memory in foraging wild capuchin monkeys, Cebus apella ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 55: 1229- 1243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1997.0688
22. Janson C.H. ( 1998b). "Testing the predation hypothesis for vertebrate sociality: prospects and pitfalls". — Behaviour Vol 135: 389- 410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853998793066177
23. Janson C.H. ( 2003). "Puzzles, predation, and primates: using life history to understand selection pressures". — In: Primate life histories and socioecology( Kappeler P. , Pereira M. , eds). Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL, p.  103- 131.
24. Janson C.H. ( 2007). "Experimental evidence for route integration and strategic planning in wild capuchin monkeys". — Anim. Cogn. Vol 10: 341- 356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-007-0079-2
25. Janson C.H. , Di Bitetti M. ( 1997). "Experimental analysis of food detection in capuchin monkeys: effects of distance, travel speed, and resource size". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 41: 17- 24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650050359
26. Janson C.H. , Baldovino M.C. , Di Bitetti M.S. ( 2012). "The group life cycle and demography of brown capuchin monkeys ( Cebus[ apella] nigritus) in Iguazú National Park, Argentina". — In: Long-term field studies of primates( Kappeler P. , Watts D.P. , eds). Springer, Heidelberg, p.  185- 212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22514-7_9
27. Kenward R.E. ( 1978). "Hawks and doves: attack success and selection in goshawk flights at wood-pigeons". — J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 47: 449- 460. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3793
28. Kruuk H. ( 1972). The Spotted Hyena: a study of predation and social behavior. — Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL.
29. Lima S.L. ( 1994). "Collective detection of predatory attack by birds in the absence of alarm signals". — J. Avian Biol. Vol 25: 319- 326. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3677279
30. Lima S.L. ( 1995). "Collective detection of predatory attack by social foragers — fraught with ambiguity". — Anim. Behav. Vol 50: 1097- 1108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0003-3472(95)80109-X
31. Lima S.L. , Dill L.M. ( 1990). "Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation — a review and prospectus". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 68: 619- 640. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z90-092
32. Lima S.L. , Zollner P.A. ( 1996). "Anti-predatory vigilance and the limits to collective detection: visual and spatial separation between foragers". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 38: 355- 363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650050252
33. Placci L. , Arditi S. , Ciotek L.E. ( 1994). "Productividad de hojas, flores y frutos en el Parque Nacional Iguazú". — Yvirareta Vol 5: 49- 56.
34. Pulliam H.R. ( 1973). "On the advantages of flocking". — J. Theor. Biol. Vol 38: 419- 422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(73)90184-7
35. Pulliam H.R. , Pyke G.H. , Caraco T. ( 1982). "The scanning behavior of juncos: a game-theoretical approach". — J. Theor. Biol. Vol 95: 89- 103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(82)90289-2
36. Ramirez-Llorens P. , Di Bitetti M.S. , Baldovino M.C. , Janson C.H. ( 2008). "Infanticide in black capuchin monkeys ( Cebus apella nigritus) in Iguazú National Park, Argentina". — Am. J. Primatol. Vol 70: 473- 484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20522
37. Robinson S.K. ( 1994). "Habitat selection and foraging ecology of raptors in Amazonian Peru". — Biotropica Vol 26: 443- 458. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2389239
38. Schaller G.B. ( 1972). The Serengeti Lion: a study of predator-prey relations. — Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL.
39. Shultz S. ( 2001). "Notes on interactions between monkeys and African crowned eagles in Taï National Park, Ivory Coast". — Folia Primatol. Vol 72: 248- 250. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000049945
40. Taylor R.J. ( 1976). "Value of clumping to prey and the evolutionary response of ambush predators". — Am. Nat. Vol 110: 13- 29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/283046
41. Taylor R.J. , Balph D.F. , Balph M.H. ( 1990). "The evolution of alarm calling: a cost-benefit analysis". — Anim. Behav. Vol 39: 860- 868. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(05)80950-9
42. Treves A. ( 1999). "Has predation shaped the social systems of arboreal primates?"— Int. J. Primatol. Vol 20: 35- 67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1020532216737
43. Treves A. , Drescher A. , Ingrisano N. ( 2001). "Vigilance and aggregation in black howler monkeys ( Alouatta pigra)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 50: 90- 95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002650100328
44. van Schaik C.P. , van Noordwijk M.A. ( 1989). "The special role of male Cebusmonkeys in predation avoidance and its effect on group composition". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 24: 265- 276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00290902
45. Vine I. ( 1971). "Risk of visual detection and pursuit by a predator and the selective advantage of flocking behaviour". — J. Theor. Biol Vol 30: 406- 422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(71)90061-0
46. Wheeler B.C. ( 2008). "Selfish or altruistic? An analysis of alarm call function in wild capuchin monkeys, Cebus apella nigritus ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 76: 1465- 1475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.06.023
47. Ydenberg R.C. , Dill L.M. ( 1986). "The economics of fleeing from predators". — Adv. Stud. Behav. Vol 16: 229- 249.
48. Zuberbühler K. , Jenny D. , Bshary R. ( 1999). "The predator deterrence function of primate alarm calls". — Ethology Vol 105: 477- 490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0310.1999.00396.x
49. Zuberbühler K. , Noe R. , Seyfarth R.M. ( 1997). "Diana monkey long-distance calls: messages for conspecifics and predators". — Anim. Behav. Vol 53: 589- 604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1996.0334
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003198
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003198
2014-09-02
2016-12-04

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation