Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Host behaviour, age and sex correlate with ectoparasite prevalence and intensity in a colonial mammal, the little brown bat

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

The influence of behaviour on host-parasite dynamics has theoretical support but few empirical studies have examined this influence for wild-captured hosts, especially in colonial species, which are thought to face generally high risk of exposure. Behavioural tendencies of hosts in novel environments could mediate host exposure. We tested the hypothesis that behavioural tendencies of hosts, and host sex and age, correlate with prevalence and intensity of ectoparasites in a gregarious mammal, the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus). We also tested whether relationships between host behaviour and parasite prevalence and intensity would vary between taxa of ectoparasites which differ in host-seeking behaviour. We predicted that individual hosts displaying active and explorative behaviours would have higher prevalence and intensity of parasites that depend on physical contact among hosts for transmission (mites) but that host behaviour would not influence prevalence and intensity of mobile ectoparasites with active host-seeking behaviour (fleas). We recorded behavioural responses of wild-captured bats in a novel-environment test and then sampled each individual for ectoparasites. After accounting for age and sex we found mixed support for our hypotheses in some but not all demographics. More active adult and young of the year (YOY) males were more likely to host mites while more active adult and YOY females were less likely to host fleas. Our results highlight possible differences in the influence of host and parasite behaviour on parasite transmission dynamics for colonial compared to non-colonial species and have conservation implications for understanding pathogen transmission in bat white-nose syndrome and other wildlife diseases.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology and Centre for Forest Interdisciplinary Research (C-FIR), University of Winnipeg, MB, Canada

10.1163/1568539X-00003233
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003233
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003233
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Alexander R.D. ( 1974). "The evolution of social behavior". — Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. Vol 5: 325- 383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.05.110174.001545
2. Altizer S. , Nunn C.L. , Thrall P.H. , Gittleman J.L. , Antonovics J. , Cunningham A.A. , Dobson A.P. , Ezenwa V. , Jones K.E. , Pederson A.B. , Poss M. , Pulliam J.R.C. ( 2003). "Social organization and parasite risk in mammals: integrating theory and empirical studies". — Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. Vol 34: 517- 547. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.030102.151725
3. Anderson R.M. , May R.M. ( 1979). "Population biology of infectious diseases: part I". — Nature Vol 280: 361- 367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/280361a0
4. Anderson R.M. , May R.M. ( 1992). Infectious diseases of humans: dynamics and control. — Oxford University Press, Oxford.
5. Angeloni L. , Schlaepfer M.A. , Lawler J.J. , Crooks K.R. ( 2008). "A reassessment of the interface between conservation and behaviour". — Anim. Behav. Vol 75: 731- 737. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.08.007
6. Barber I. , Dingemanse N.J. ( 2010). "Parasitism and the evolutionary ecology of animal personality". — Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B Vol 365: 4077- 4088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0182
7. Berdoy M. , Webster J.P. , Macdonald D.W. ( 2000). "Fatal attraction in rats infected with Toxoplasma gondii ". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 267: 1591- 1594. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1182
8. Boyer N. , Réale D. , Marmet J. , Pisanu B. , Chapius J. ( 2010). "Personality, space use and tick load in an introduced population of Siberian chipmunks Tamias sibricus ". — J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 79: 538- 547. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01659.x
9. Christe P. , Arlettaz R. , Vogel P. ( 2000). "Variation in intensity of a parasitic mite ( Spinturnix myoti) in relation to reproductive cycle and immunocompetence of its bat host ( Myotis myotis)". — Ecol. Lett. Vol 3: 207- 212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2000.00142.x
10. Christe P. , Giorgi M.S. , Vogel P. , Arlettaz R. ( 2003). "Differential species-specific ectoparasite mite intensities in two intimately coexisting sibling bat species: resource-mediated host attractiveness or parasite specialization?"— J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 72: 866- 872. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2003.00759.x
11. Christe P. , Glaizot O. , Evanno G. , Bruyndonckx N. , Devevey G. , Yannic G. , Patthey P. , Maeder A. , Vogel P. , Arlettaz R. ( 2007). "Host sex and ectoparasite choice: preference for, and higher survival for female hosts". — J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 76: 703- 710. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01255.x
12. Cote J. , Dreiss A. , Clobert J. ( 2008). "Social personality trait and fitness". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 275: 2851- 2858. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.0783
13. Côté I.M. , Poulin R. ( 1995). "Parasitism and group size in social animals: a meta-analysis". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 6: 159- 165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/6.2.159
14. Cully J.F. , Williams E.S. ( 2001). "Interspecific comparisons of sylvatic plague in prairie dogs". — J. Mammal. Vol 82: 894- 905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1644/1545-1542(2001)082<0894:ICOSPI>2.0.CO;2
15. Czenze Z.J. , Broders H.G. ( 2011). "Ectoparasite community structure of two bats ( Myotis lucifugusand M. septentrionalis) from the Maritimes of Canada". — J. Parasitol. Res. Vol 2011: 1- 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/341535
16. Dick C.W. , Gannon M.R. , Little W.E. , Patrick M.J. ( 2003). "Ectoparasite associations of bats from central Pennsylvania". — J. Med. Entomol. Vol 40: 813- 819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-40.6.813
17. Drewe J.A. ( 2010). "Who infects whom? Social networks and tuberculosis transmission in wild meerkats". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 227: 633- 642. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.1775
18. Dunn J.C. , Cole E.F. , Quinn J.L. ( 2011). "Personality and parasites: sex-dependent associations between avian malaria infection and multiple behavioural traits". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 65: 1459- 1471. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-011-1156-8
19. Fauchald P. , Rødven R. , Bårdsen B. , Langeland K. , Tveraa T. , Yoccoz N.G. , Ims R.A. ( 2007). "Escaping parasitism in the selfish herd: age, size and density-dependent warble fly infestation in reindeer". — Oikos Vol 116: 491- 499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2007.15390.x
20. Fenton M.B. ( 1969). "Summer activity of Myotis lucifugus(Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) at hibernacula in Ontario and Quebec". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 47: 597- 602. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z69-103
21. File S.F. , Wardill A.G. ( 1975). "Validity of head-dipping as a measure of exploration in a modified hole-board". — Psychopharmacologia Vol 44: 53- 59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00421184
22. Frick W.F. , Pollock J.F. , Hicks A.C. , Langwig K.E. , Reynolds D.S. , Turner G.G. , Butchkoski C.M. , Kunz T.H. ( 2010). "An emerging disease causes regional population collapse of a common North American bat species". — Science Vol 329: 679- 682. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1188594
23. Giorgi M.S. , Arlettaz R. , Christe P. , Vogel P. ( 2001). "The energetic grooming costs imposed by a parasitic mite ( Spinturnix myoti) upon its bat host ( Myotis myotis)". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 268: 2071- 2075. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2001.1686
24. Hawley D.M. , Etienne R.S. , Ezenwa V.O. , Jolles A.E. ( 2011). "Does animal behaviour underlie covariation between hosts’ exposure to infectious agents and susceptibility to infection? Implications for disease dynamics". — Integr. Comp. Biol. Vol 51: 528- 539. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icr062
25. Hillgarth N. ( 1996). "Ectoparasite transfer during mating in ring-necked pheasants Phasianus colchicus ". — J. Avian. Biol. Vol 3: 260- 262. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3677232
26. Hosseini P.R. , Dhondt A.A. , Dobson A. ( 2004). "Seasonality and wildlife disease: how seasonal birth, aggregation and variation in immunity affect the dynamics of Mycoplasma gallisepticumin house finches". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 271: 2569- 2577. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2004.2938
27. Kaiser H.F. ( 1991). "Coefficient alpha for a principal component and the Kaiser–Guttman rule". — Psych. Rep. Vol 68: 855- 858. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1991.68.3.855
28. Khoklova I.S. , Krasnov B.R. , Kam M. , Burdelova N.I. , Degen A.A. ( 2002). "Energy cost of ectoparasitism: the flea Xenopsylla ramesison the desert gerbil Gerbillus dasyurus ". — J. Zool. Lond. Vol 258: 349- 354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0952836902001498
29. Kilgour R.J. , Brigham R.M. ( 2013). "The relationship between behavioural correlates and social influences in the gregarious big brown bat ( Eptesicus fuscus)". — Ethology Vol 119: 1- 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eth.12052
30. Kortet R. , Hedrick A.V. , Vainikka A. ( 2010). "Parasitism, predation and the evolution of animal personalities". — Ecol. Lett. Vol 13: 1449- 1458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01536.x
31. Kunz T.H. , Lumsden L.F. ( 2003). "Ecology of cavity and foliage roosting bats". — In: Bat ecology( Kunz T.H. , Fenton M.B. , eds). University Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
32. Lorch J.M. , Meteyer C.U. , Behr M.J. , Boyles J.G. , Cryan P.M. , Hicks A.C. , Ballmann A.E. , Coleman J.T.H. , Redell D.N. , Reeder D.M. , Blehert D.S. ( 2011). "Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructanscauses white-nose syndrome". — Nature Vol 480: 376- 378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10590
33. Lourenço S.I. , Palmeirim J.M. ( 2007). "Can mite parasitism affect the condition of bat hosts? Implications for the social structure of colonial bats". — J. Zool. Vol 273: 161- 168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2007.00322.x
34. Luis A.D. , Hayman D.T.S. , O’Shea T.J. , Cryan P.M. , Gilbert A.T. , Pulliam J.R.C. , Mills J.N. , Timonin M.E. , Willis C.K.R. , Cunningham A.A. , Fooks A.R. , Rupprecht C.E. , Wood J.L.N. , Webb C.T. ( 2013). "A comparison of bats and rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic viruses: are bats special?"— Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 280: 1- 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2753
35. Martin J.G. , Réale D. ( 2008). "Temperament, risk assessment and habituation to novelty in eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 75: 309- 318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2007.05.026
36. Martinez-Nuñez F. ( 2012). Population and social genetic structure of little brown bats ( Myotis lucifugus). — Thesis submitted to University of Winnipeg, Department of Biology, Winnipeg, MB.
37. May R.M. , Anderson R.M. ( 1979). "Population biology of infectious diseases: part II". — Nature Vol 280: 455- 461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/280455a0
38. McCallum H. ( 2012). "Disease and the dynamics of extinction". — Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B Vol 367: 2828- 2839. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2012.0224
39. Menzies A.K. , Timonin M.E. , McGuire L.P. , Willis C.K.R. ( 2013). "Personality variation in little brown bats". — PLoS ONE Vol 8: e80230. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/annotation/1b6115d9-272e-4623-8ef7-265cd8e5aa28
40. Moore J. ( 2002). Parasites and the behaviour of animals. — Oxford University Press, Oxford.
41. Norquay K.J.O. , Martinez-Nuñez F. , Dubois J.E. , Monson K.M. , Willis C.K.R. ( 2013). "Long-distance movements of little brown bats ( Myotis lucifugus)". — J. Mammal. Vol 94: 506- 515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1644/12-MAMM-A-065.1
42. Oliver J.M. ( 1989). "Biology and systematics of ticks (Acari: Ixodida)". — Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. Vol 20: 397- 430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.20.110189.002145
43. Patterson L.D. , Schulte-Hostedde A.I. ( 2011). "Behavioural correlates of parasitism and reproductive success in male eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus ". — Anim. Behav. Vol 81: 1129- 1137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.02.016
44. Pearce R.D. , O’Shea T.J. ( 2007). "Ectoparasites in an urban population of big brown bats ( Eptesicus fuscus) in Colorado". — J. Parasitol. Vol 93: 518- 530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/GE-973R.1
45. Perez-Orella C. , Schulte-Hostedde A.I. ( 2005). "Effects of sex and body size on ectoparasite loads in the northern flying squirrel ( Glaucomys sabrinus)". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 83: 1381- 1385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z05-126
46. Proctor H. , Owens I. ( 2000). "Mites and birds: diversity, parasitism and coevolution". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 15: 358- 364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(00)01924-8
47. R Development Core Team( 2012). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. — R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.
48. Réale D. , Gallant B.Y. , LeBlanc M. , Festa-Bianchet M. ( 2000). "Consistency of temperament in bighorn ewes and correlates with behaviour and life history". — Anim. Behav. Vol 60: 589- 597. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.2000.1530
49. Scholtof K.G. ( 2006). "The disease triangle: pathogens, the environment and society". — Nature Rev. Microbiol. Vol 5: 152- 156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro1596
50. Schulte-Hostedde A.I. , Millar J.S. , Hickling G.J. ( 2001). "Evaluating body condition in small mammals". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 79: 1021- 1029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z01-073
51. Sih A. , Bell A.M. , Chadwick-Johnson J. , Ziemba R.E. ( 2004). "Behavioural syndromes: an integrative overview". — Q. Rev. Biol. Vol 79: 241- 277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/422893
52. Smith S.A. , Clay M.E. ( 1988). "Biological and morphological studies on the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis(Siphonaptera: Ischnopsyllidae)". — J. Med. Entomol. Vol 25: 413- 424. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/25.5.413
53. Thomas D.W. , Fenton M.B. , Barclay R.M.R. ( 1979). "Social behaviour of the little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus, I. Mating behaviour". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 6: 129- 136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00292559
54. United States Fish and Wildlife Service( 2012). National white-nose syndrome decontamination protocol. — United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, available online at ( accessed 6 November 2013).
55. Webster J.P. , Brunton C.F.A. , Macdonald D. ( 1994). "Effect of Toxoplasma gondiiupon neophobic behaviour in wild brown rats, Rattus norvegicus ". — Parasitology Vol 109: 37- 43. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003118200007774X
56. Willis C.K.R. , Brigham R.M. ( 2007). "Social thermoregulation exerts more influence than microclimate on forest roost preferences by a cavity-dwelling bat". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 62: 97- 108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-007-0442-y
57. Wilson D.S. , Coleman K. , Clark A.B. , Biederman L. ( 1993). "Shy-bold continuum in pumpkinseed sunfish ( Lepomis gibbosus): an ecological study of a psychological trait". — J. Comp. Psychol. Vol 107: 250- 260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7036.107.3.250
58. Zuur A.F. , Ieno E.N. , Walker N.J. , Saveliev A.A. , Smith G.M. ( 2009). Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. — Springer, New York, NY. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-87458-6
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003233
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003233
2015-11-12
2018-06-23

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation