Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

“Early birds” take it easy: diurnal timing is correlated with overall level in activity of zebrafish larvae

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

Individual animals show consistent differences in behavioural responses when coping with environmental challenges. Consistency over time and across context in a behavioural trait is an indication for animal personality. Chronotypes refer to consistent inter-individual differences in diurnal rhythmicity driven by underlying variation in circadian clock processes. Personality traits and chronotype may relate to a single behavioural syndrome, but few studies have investigated such a link explicitly. Here, we explored zebrafish larvae for the presence of consistency in activity levels and timing, and their correlation with and without external cues (Zeitgeber: light–dark cycle versus constant light). We found individual consistency in activity level and timing, and their correlation independent of the presence of Zeitgeber: early-active individuals were less active overall than late-active individuals. Our study suggests a link between personality and chronotype and provides new insights into the early development of individual variation in behavioural tendencies of zebrafish.

Affiliations: 1: Institute Biology Leiden, Sylvius Laboratory, Leiden University, Sylviusweg 72, 2333 BE Leiden, The Netherlands

*Corresponding author’s e-mail address: c.tudorache@biology.leidenuniv.nl
10.1163/1568539X-00003376
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003376
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003376
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Adan A., Archer S.N., Hidalgo M.P., Di Milia L., Natale V., Randler C. (2012). "Circadian typology: a comprehensive review". — Chronobiol. Int. Vol 29: 1153-1175. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2012.719971
2. Alsop D., Vijayan M.M. (2008). "Development of the corticostreroid stress axis and receptor expression in zebrafish". — Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. Vol 294: R711-R719. http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00671.2007
3. Andersson M.Å., Khan U.W., Øverli Ø., Gjøen H.M., Höglund E. (2013). "Coupling between stress coping style and time of emergence from spawning nests in salmonid fishes: evidence from selected rainbow trout strains (Oncorhynchus mykiss)". — Physiol. Behav. Vol 116: 30-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.03.019
4. (2012). "Guidelines for the treatment of animals in behavioural research and teaching". — Anim. Behav. Vol 83: 301-309. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.10.031
5. Aschoff J., Wever R. (1962). "Über Phasenbeziehungen zwischen biologischer Tagesperiodik und Zeitgeberperiodik". — Z. Vergl. Physiol. Vol 46: 115-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00341546
6. Bell A.M. (2007). "Future directions in behavioural syndromes research". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 274: 755-761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0199
7. Broms U., Pitkäniemi J., Bäckmand H., Heikkilä K., Koskenvuo M., Peltonen M., Sarna S., Vartiainen E., Kaprio J., Partonen T. (2014). "Long-term consistency of diurnal-type preferences among men". — Chronobiol. Int. Vol 31: 182-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2013.836534
8. Budaev S.V. (1997). "Alternative styles in the European wrasse, Symphodus ocellatus: boldness related schooling tendency". — Environ. Biol. Fish. Vol 49: 71-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007380212475
9. Budaev S., Andrew R.J. (2009). "Patterns of early embryonic light exposure determine behavioural asymmetries in zebrafish: a habenular hypothesis". — Behav. Brain Res. Vol 200: 91-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2008.12.030
10. Cahill G.M. (2002). "Clock mechanisms in zebrafish". — Cell Tissue Res. Vol 309: 27-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-002-0570-7
11. Cahill G.M., Hurd M.W., Batchelor M.M. (1998). "Circadian rhythmicity in the locomotor activity of larval zebrafish". — Neuroreport Vol 9: 3445-3449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00001756-199810260-00020
12. Champagne D.L., Hoefnagels C.C.M., De Kloet R.E., Richardson M.K. (2010). "Translating rodent behavioral repertoire to zebrafish (Danio rerio): relevance for stress research". — Behav. Brain. Res. Vol 214: 332-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2010.06.001
13. Coleman K., Wilson D. (1998). "Shyness and boldness in pumpkinseed sunfish: individual differences are context-specific". — Anim. Behav. Vol 56: 927-936. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1998.0852
14. Conrad J.L., Weinersmith K.L., Brodin T., Saltz J.B., Sih A. (2011). "Behavioural syndromes in fishes: a review with implications for ecology and fisheries management". — J. Fish. Biol. Vol 78: 395-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02874.x
15. Dall S.R.X., Bell A.M., Bolnick D.I., Ratnieks F.L.W. (2012). "An evolutionary ecology of individual differences". — Ecol. Lett. Vol 15: 1189-1198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01846.x
16. Dekens M.P.S., Santoriello C., Vallone D., Grassi G., Whitmore D., Foulkes N.S. (2003). "Light regulates the cell cycle in zebrafish". — Curr. Biol. Vol 13: 2051-2057. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2003.10.022
17. Dingemanse N.J., Wolf M. (2010). "Recent models for adaptive personality differences: a review". — Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 365: 3947-3958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0221
18. Dingemanse N.J., Wright J., Kazem A.J., Thomas D.K., Hickling R., Dawnay N. (2007). "Behavioural syndromes differ predictably between 12 populations of three-spined stickle-back". — J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 76: 1128-1138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01284.x
19. Dingemanse N.J., Kazem A.J.N., Réale D., Wright J. (2010). "Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticity". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 25: 81-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2009.07.013
20. Egan R.J., Bergner C.L., Hart P.C., Cachat J.M., Canavello P.R., Elegante M.F., Elkhayat S.I., Bartels B.K., Tien A.K., Tien D.H., Mohnotb S., Beeson E., Glasgow E., Amri H., Zukowska Z., Kalueff A.V. (2009). "Understanding behavioral and physiological phenotypes of stress and anxiety in zebrafish". — Behav. Brain Res. Vol 205: 38-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2009.06.022
21. Fuller P.M., Lu J., Saper C.B. (2008). "Differential rescue of light- and food-entrainable circadian rhythms". — Science Vol 320: 1074-1077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1153277
22. Giannoni-Guzmán M.A., Avalos A., Marrero Perez J., Otero Loperena E.J., Kayım M., Medina J.A., Massey S.E., Kence M., Kence A., Giray T., Agosto-Rivera J.L. (2014). "Measuring individual locomotor rhythms in honey bees, paper wasps and other similar-sized insects". — J. Exp. Biol. Vol 217: 1307-1315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.096180
23. Gosling S.D. (2001). "From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?" — Psychol. Rev. Vol 127: 45-86.
24. Gosling S.D., John O.P. (1999). "Personality dimensions in nonhuman animals: a cross-species review". — Curr. Dir. Psychol. Vol 8: 69-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.00017
25. Höglund E., Gjøen H.M., Pottinger T.G., Øverli O. (2008). "Parental stress-coping styles affect the behaviour of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss at early developmental stages". — J. Fish Biol. Vol 73: 1764-1769. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.02068.x
26. Horne J.A., Östberg O. (1976). "A self-assessment questionnaire to determine morningness-eveningness in human circadian rhythms". — Int. J. Chronobiol. Vol 4: 97-110.
27. Huntingford F.A., Andrew G., Mackenzie S., Morera D., Coyle S.M., Pilarczyk M., Kadri S. (2010). "Coping strategies in a strongly schooling fish, the common carp Cyprinus carpio". — J. Fish Biol. Vol 76: 1576-1591. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2010.02582.x
28. Hurd M.W., Cahill G.M. (2002). "Entraining signals initiate behavioral circadian rhythmicity in larval zebrafish". — J. Biol. Rhythm. Vol 17: 307-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/074873002129002618
29. Hurd M.W., Debruyne J., Straume M., Cahill G.M. (1998). "Circadian rhythms of locomotor activity in zebrafish". — Physiol. Behav. Vol 65: 465-472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(98)00183-8
30. Kavaliers M. (1980). "Circadian rhythm of extraretinal photoreceptivity in hatchling alligators, Alligator mississippiensis". — Photochem. Photobiol. Vol 32: 67-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-1097.1980.tb03987.x
31. Kimmel C.B., Ballard W.W., Kimmel S.R., Ullmann B., Schilling T.F. (1995). "Stages of embryonic development of the zebrafish". — Dev. Dyn. Vol 203: 253-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aja.1002030302
32. Koolhaas J.M., Korte S.M., de Boer S.F., van der Vegt B.J., van Reenen C.G., Hopster H., De Jong I.C., Ruis M.A., Blokhuis H.J. (1999). "Coping styles in animals: current status in behavior and stress-physiology". — Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. Vol 23: 925-935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0149-7634(99)00026-3
33. Koprivnikar J., Gibson C.H., Redfern J.C. (2012). "Infectious personalities: behavioural syndromes and disease risk in larval amphibians". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 279: 1544-1550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2011.2156
34. Labyak S.E., Lee T.M., Goel N. (1997). "Rhythm chronotypes in a diurnal rodent, Octodon degus". — Am. J. Physiol. Vol 273: R1058-R1066.
35. Lahiri K., Froehlich N., Heyd A., Foulkes N.S., Vallone D. (2014). "Developmental stage-specific regulation of the circadian clock by temperature in zebrafish". — Biomed Res. Int. Vol 2014: 930308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/930308
36. Larsen R.J. (1976). "Individual differences in circadian activity rhythm and personality". — Pers. Individ. Dif. Vol 6: 305-311. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(85)90054-6
37. MacKenzie S., Ribas L., Pilarczyk M., Capdevila D.M., Kadri S., Huntingford F.A. (2009). "Screening for coping style increases the power of gene expression studies". — PLoS ONE Vol 4: e5314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005314
38. Maestripieri D. (2014). "YY night owl women are similar to men in their relationship orientation, risk-taking propensities, and cortisol levels: implications for the adaptive significance and evolution of eveningness". — Evol. Psychol. Vol 12: 130-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/147470491401200111
39. Matthews G. (1988). "Morningness-eveningness as a dimension of personality: trait, state and psychophysiological correlates". — Eur. J. Pers. Vol 2: 277-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/per.2410020405
40. Moretz J.A., Martins E.P., Robison B.D. (2007). "Behavioural syndromes and the evolution of correlated behavior in zebrafish". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 18: 556-562. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arm011
41. Norton W.H.J., Bally-Cuif L. (2012). "Unravelling the proximate causes of the aggression-boldness behavioural syndrome in zebrafish". — Behaviour Vol 149: 1063-1079. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1568539X-00003012
42. Øverli O., Winberg S., Pottinger T.G. (2005). "Behavioral and neuroendocrine correlates of selection for stress responsiveness in rainbow trout: a review". — Integr. Comp. Biol. Vol 45: 463-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/45.3.463
43. Øverli Ø., Sørensen C., Pulman K.G.T., Pottinger T.G., Korzan W., Summers C.H., Nilsson G.E. (2007). "Evolutionary background for stress-coping styles: relationships between physiological, behavioral, and cognitive traits in non-mammalian vertebrates". — Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. Vol 31: 396-412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2006.10.006
44. Pandey R.K., Bhardwaj S.K. (2015). "Photoperiod regulation of seasonal responses in Indian weaver bird (Ploceus philippinus)". — Biol. Rhythm Res. Vol 46: 483-495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09291016.2015.1020204
45. Pegoraro M., Picot E., Hansen C.N., Kyriacou C.P., Rosato E., Tauber E. (2015). "Gene expression associated with early and late chronotypes in Drosophila melanogaster". — Front. Neurol. Vol 6: 100-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2015.00100
46. Pittendrigh C.S. (1960). "Circadian rhythms and the circadian organization of living systems". — Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. Vol 25: 159-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/SQB.1960.025.01.015
47. Poesel A., Kunc H.P., Foerster K., Johnsens A., Kempenaers B. (2006). "Early birds are sexy: male age, dawn song and extrapair paternity in blue tits, Cyanistes (formerly Parus) caeruleus". — Anim. Behav. Vol 72: 531-538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2005.10.022
48. Ponzi D., Henry A., Kubicki K., Nickels N., Wilson C., Maestripieri D. (2015). "The slow and fast life histories of early birds and night owls: their future- or present-orientation accounts for their sexually monogamous or promiscuous tendencies". — Evol. Hum. Behav. Vol 36: 117-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.09.008
49. Randler C. (2014). "Sleep, sleep timing and chronotype in animal behaviour". — Anim. Behav. Vol 94: 161-166. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.05.001
50. Raoult V., Brown C., Zuberi A., Williamson J.E. (2012). "Blood cortisol concentrations predict boldness in juvenile mulloway (Argyosomus japonicus)". — J. Ethol. Vol 30: 225-232.
51. Réale D., Reader S.M., Sol D., McDougall P.T., Dingemanse N.J. (2007). "Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution". — Biol. Rev. Camb. Phil. Soc. Vol 82: 291-318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.2007.00010.x
52. Sih A., Bell A., Johnson J.C. (2004). "Behavioral syndromes: an ecological and evolutionary overview". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 19: 372-378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2004.04.009
53. Singh J., Rani S., Kumar V. (2010). "Presence of a conspecific renders survival advantages in the migratory red-headed bunting: test through the effects of restricted feeding on circadian response and survivorship". — Chronobiol. Int. Vol 27: 111-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07420520903399680
54. Steenbergen P.J., Richardson M.K., Champagne D.L. (2011). "The use of the zebrafish model in stress research". — Progr. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatr. Vol 35: 1432-1451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.10.010
55. Steinmeyer C., Schielzeth H., Mueller J.C., Kempenaers B. (2010). "Variation in sleep behaviour in free-living blue tits, Cyanistes caeruleus: effects of sex, age and environment". — Anim. Behav. Vol 80: 853-864. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.08.005
56. Tankova I., Adan A., Buela-Casal G. (1994). "Circadian typology and individual differences. A review". — Pers. Individ. Diff. Vol 16: 671-684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(94)90209-7
57. Tsaousis I. (2010). "Circadian preferences and personality traits: a meta-analysis". — Eur. J. Pers. Vol 24: 356-373.
58. Tudorache C., Jordan A.D., Svendsen J.C., Domenici P., DeBoeck G., Steffensen J.F. (2009). "Pectoral fin beat frequency predicts oxygen consumption during spontaneous activity in a labriform swimming fish (Embiotoca lateralis)". — Environ. Biol. Fish. Vol 84: 121-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10641-008-9395-x
59. Tudorache C., Schaaf M.J.M., Slabbekoorn H. (2013). "Covariation between behaviour and physiology indicators of coping style in zebrafish (Danio rerio)". — J. Endocrinol. Vol 219: 251-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/JOE-13-0225
60. Tudorache C., ter Braake A., Tromp M., Slabbekoorn H., Schaaf M.J.M. (2015). "Behavioral and physiological indicators of stress coping styles in larval zebrafish". — Stress Vol 18: 121-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10253890.2014.989205
61. Vanin S., Bhutani S., Montelli S., Menegazzi P., Green E.W., Pegoraro M., Sandrelli F., Costa R., Kyriacou C.P. (2012). "Unexpected features of Drosophila circadian behavioural rhythms under natural conditions". — Nature Vol 484: 371-375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10991
62. Vignet C., Begout M.L., Pean S., Lyphout L., Leguay D., Cousin X. (2013). "Systematic screening of behavioral responses in two zebrafish strains". — Zebrafish Vol 10: 365-375. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/zeb.2013.0871
63. Walker R.J., Christopher A.N. (2016). "Time-of-day preference mediates the relationship between personality and breakfast attitudes". — Pers. Individ. Diff. Vol 91: 138-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.12.003
64. Wicht H., Korf H.-W., Ackermann H., Ekhart D., Fischer C., Pfeffer M. (2014). "Chronotypes and rhythm stability in mice". — Chronobiol. Int. Vol 31: 27-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2013.820739
65. Wilson A.D.M., Godin J.G.J. (2009). "Boldness and behavioral syndromes in the bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 20: 231-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/arp018
66. Wilson D.S., Clark A.B., Coleman K., Dearstyne T. (1994). "Shyness and boldness in humans and other animals". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 9: 442-446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(94)90134-1
67. Wolf M., Weissing F.J. (2012). "Animal personalities: consequences for ecology and evolution". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 27: 452-461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2012.05.001
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003376
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003376
2016-10-24
2018-09-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation