Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Assessing anti-predator decisions of foraging eastern chipmunks under varying perceived risks: the effects of physical and social environments on vigilance

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Animals foraging under risk have to trade-off resource acquisition and predator avoidance. Environmental factors can modulate the level of risk and should thus influence the expression of anti-predator behaviours such as vigilance. In this study, we investigated the effects of physical and social environments on eastern chipmunks’ (Tamias striatus) vigilance, by varying the perceived risk through playback experiments of alarm calls and neutral environmental sounds, and by integrating habitat and weather characteristics, as well as neighbour density. Chipmunks showed higher levels of vigilance when foraging in more open habitats, under high wind conditions, when they heard alarm calls and when surrounded by a high neighbour density. The effects of wind intensity and neighbour density on vigilance were also stronger during the broadcast of alarm calls rather than neutral sounds. Our results emphasize how both the physical and social environments can modify risk perception and therefore risk-taking decisions of foraging individuals.

Affiliations: 1: aDépartement des Sciences Biologiques, Université du Québec à Montréal, CP 8888 succursale centre-ville, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3P8 ; 2: bDépartement de biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 boulevard de l’Université, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1K 2R1

*Corresponding author’s e-mail address: jeanne_clermb@hotmail.com
10.1163/1568539X-00003414
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003414
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003414
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Arenz C.L., Leger D.W. (1997). "The antipredator vigilance of adult and juvenile thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Sciuridae: Spermophilus tridecemlineatus): visual obstruction and simulated hawk attacks". — Ethology Vol 953: 945-953.
2. Baack J.K., Switzer P.V. (2000). "Alarm calls affect foraging behavior in eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus, Rodentia: Sciuridae)". — Ethology Vol 106: 1057-1066. [Crossref]
3. Bates D., Maechler M., Bolker B., Walker S.C. (2015). "Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4". — J. Stat. Softw. Vol 67: 1-48.
4. Beauchamp G. (2015). Animal vigilance: monitoring predators and competitors. — Academic Press, Oxford.
5. Bednekoff P.A., Blumstein D.T. (2009). "Peripheral obstructions influence marmot vigilance: integrating observational and experimental results". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 20: 1111-1117. [Crossref]
6. Bednekoff P.A., Lima S.L. (1998). "Randomness, chaos and confusion in the study of antipredator vigilance". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 13: 284-287. [Crossref]
7. Blumstein D.T. (2007). "The evolution, function, and meaning of marmot alarm communication". — Adv. Stud. Behav. Vol 37: 371-401. [Crossref]
8. Blumstein D.T., Daniel J.C. (2002). "Isolation from mammalian predators differentially affects two congeners". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 13: 657-663. [Crossref]
9. Blumstein D.T., Verneyre L., Daniel J.C. (2004). "Reliability and the adaptive utility of discrimination among alarm callers". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 271: 1851-1857. [Crossref]
10. Bonenfant M. (1996). Escape and vocal responses of eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus) to simulated aerial predator attack. — MSc thesis, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
11. Boon A.K., Réale D., Boutin S. (2008). "Personality, habitat use, and their consequences for survival in Norh American red squirrels Tamiasciurus hudsonicus". — Oikos Vol 117: 1321-1328. [Crossref]
12. Burke da Silva K., Kramer D.L., Weary D.M. (1994). "Context-specific alarm calls of the eastern chipmunk, Tamias striatus". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 72: 1087-1092. [Crossref]
13. Burke da Silva K., Mahan C., da Silva J. (2002). "The trill of the chase: eastern chipmunks call to warn kin". — J. Mamm. Vol 83: 546-552. [Crossref]
14. Cresswell W. (2008). "Non-lethal effects of predation in birds". — Ibis Vol 150: 3-17. [Crossref]
15. Dingemanse N.J., Kazem A.J.N., Réale D., Wright J. (2010). "Behavioural reaction norms: animal personality meets individual plasticity". — Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 25: 81-89. [Crossref]
16. Dunford C. (1970). "Behavioral aspects of spatial organization in the chipmunk, Tamias Striatus". — Behaviour Vol 36: 215-230. [Crossref]
17. Ebensperger L.A., Hurtado M.J. (2005). "On the relationship between herbaceous cover and vigilance activity of degus (Octodon degus)". — Ethology Vol 111: 593-608. [Crossref]
18. Eklov P., Halvarsson C. (2000). "The trade-off between foraging activity and predation risk for Rana temporaria in different food environments". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 78: 734-739. [Crossref]
19. Elliot L. (1978). "Social behavior and foraging ecology of the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus) in the Adirondack Mountains". — Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. Vol 265: 1-107. [Crossref]
20. Enstam K.L., Isbell L.A. (2002). "Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure". — Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. Vol 119: 3-14. [Crossref]
21. Fairbanks B., Dobson S. (2007). "Mechanisms of the group-size effect on vigilance in Columbian ground squirrels: dilution versus detection". — Anim. Behav. Vol 73: 115-123. [Crossref]
22. Favreau F.-R., Goldizen A.W., Pays O. (2010). "Interactions among social monitoring, anti-predator vigilance and group size in eastern grey kangaroos". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 277: 2089-2095. [Crossref]
23. Favreau F.-R., Pays O., Fritz H., Goulard M., Best E.C., Goldizen A.W. (2015). "Predators, food and social context shape the types of vigilance exhibited by kangaroos". — Anim. Behav. Vol 99: 109-121. [Crossref]
24. Ferrari C., Bogliani G., von Hardenberg A. (2009). "Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota) adjust vigilance behaviour according to environmental characteristics of their surrounding". — Ethol. Ecol. Evol. Vol 21: 355-364. [Crossref]
25. Frid A. (1997). "Vigilance by female dall’s sheep: interactions between predation risk factors". — Anim. Behav. Vol 53: 799-808. [Crossref]
26. Gaynor K.M., Cords M. (2012). "Antipredator and social monitoring functions of vigilance behaviour in blue monkeys". — Anim. Behav. Vol 84: 531-537. [Crossref]
27. Hare J.F. (1998). "Juvenile Richardson’s ground squirrels, Spermophilus richardsonii, discriminate among individual alarm callers". — Anim. Behav. Vol 55: 451-460. [Crossref]
28. Hayes A.R., Huntly N.J. (2005). "Effects of wind on the behavior and call transmission of pikas (Ochotona princeps)". — J. Mamm. Vol 86: 974-981. [Crossref]
29. Hilton G.M., Ruxton G.D., Cresswell W. (1999). "Choice of foraging area with respect to predation risk in redshanks: the effects of weather and predator activity". — Oikos Vol 87: 295-302. [Crossref]
30. Hirsch B.T. (2002). "Social monitoring and vigilance behavior in brown capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 52: 458-464. [Crossref]
31. Hollén L.I., Radford A.N. (2009). "The development of alarm call behaviour in mammals and birds". — Anim. Behav. Vol 78: 791-800. [Crossref]
32. Klump G.M., Shalter M.D. (1984). "Acoustic behaviour of birds and mammals in the predator context". — Z. Tierpsychol. Vol 226: 189-226.
33. Kutsukake N. (2007). "Conspecific influences on vigilance behavior in wild chimpanzees". — Int. J. Primatol. Vol 28: 907-918. [Crossref]
34. Landry-Cuerrier M. (2008). From habitat to energetics: eastern chipmunk burrow microhabitat selection and fine-scale variation in winter torpor expression. — MSc thesis, McGill University, Montreal, QC.
35. Lima S.L. (1998). "Stress and decision making under the risk of predation: recent developments from behavioral, reproductive, and ecological perspectives". — Adv. Stud. Behav. Vol 27: 215-290. [Crossref]
36. Lima S.L., Dill L.M. (1990). "Behavioral decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 68: 619-640. [Crossref]
37. Longland W.S., Price M.V. (1991). "Direct observations of owls and heteromyid rodents: can predation risk explain microhabitat use?" — Ecology Vol 72: 2261-2273. [Crossref]
38. Loughry W.J., McDonough C.M. (1988). "Calling and vigilance in California ground squirrels: a test of the tonic communication hypothesis". — Anim. Behav. Vol 36: 1533-1540. [Crossref]
39. Mahan C.G., Yahner R.H. (1999). "Effects of forest fragmentation on behaviour patterns in the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 77: 1991-1997. [Crossref]
40. Martin J.G.A., Réale D. (2008a). "Temperament, risk assessment and habituation to novelty in eastern chipmunks, Tamias striatus". — Anim. Behav. Vol 75: 309-318. [Crossref]
41. Martin J.G.A., Réale D. (2008b). "Animal temperament and human disturbance: implications for the response of wildlife to tourism". — Behav. Process. Vol 77: 66-72. [Crossref]
42. McAdam A.G., Kramer D.L. (1998). "Vigilance as a benefit of intermittent locomotion in small mammals". — Anim. Behav. Vol 55: 109-117. [Crossref]
43. McNamara J.M., Houston A.I. (1987). "Starvation and predation as factors limiting population size". — Ecology Vol 68: 1515-1519. [Crossref]
44. Otter K. (1994). "The impact of potential predation upon the foraging behaviour of eastern chipmunks". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 72: 1858-1861. [Crossref]
45. Quinn J.L., Whittingham M.J., Butler S.J., Cresswell W. (2006). "Noise, predation risk compensation and vigilance in the chaffinch Fringilla coelebs". — J. Avian Biol. Vol 37: 601-608. [Crossref]
46. R Development Core Team (2013). R: a language and environment for statistical computing. — R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, available online at http://www.R-project.org/.
47. Rabin L.A., Coss R.G., Owings D.H. (2006). "The effects of wind turbines on antipredator behavior in California ground squirrels (Spermophilus beecheyi)". — Biol. Cons. Vol 131: 410-420. [Crossref]
48. Réale D., Reader S.M., Sol D., McDougall P.T., Dingemanse N.J. (2007). "Integrating animal temperament within ecology and evolution". — Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. Vol 82: 291-318. [Crossref]
49. Sansom A., Lind J., Cresswell W. (2009). "Individual behavior and survival: the roles of predator avoidance, foraging success, and vigilance". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 20: 1168-1174. [Crossref]
50. Schielzeth H. (2010). "Simple means to improve the interpretability of regression coefficients". — Methods Ecol. Evol. Vol 1: 103-113. [Crossref]
51. Sih A. (1980). "Optimal behavior: can foragers balance two conflicting demands". — Science Vol 210: 1041-1043. [Crossref]
52. Snyder D.P. (1982). "Tamias striatus". — Mamm. Species Vol 168: 1-8. [Crossref]
53. Trouilloud W., Delisle A., Kramer D.L. (2004). "Head raising during foraging and pausing during intermittent locomotion as components of antipredator vigilance in chipmunks". — Anim. Behav. Vol 67: 789-797. [Crossref]
54. Unck C.E., Waterman J.M., Verburgt L., Bateman P.W. (2009). "Quantity versus quality: how does level of predation threat affect Cape ground squirrel vigilance?" — Anim. Behav. Vol 78: 625-632. [Crossref]
55. Verdolin J.L. (2006). "Meta-analysis of foraging and predation risk trade-offs in terrestrial systems". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 60: 457-464. [Crossref]
56. Weary D.M., Kramer D.L. (1995). "Response of eastern chipmunks to conspecific alarm calls". — Anim. Behav. Vol 49: 81-93. [Crossref]
57. Yasué M., Quinn J.L., Cresswell W. (2003). "Multiple effects of weather on the starvation and predation risk trade-off in choice of feeding location in Redshanks". — Funct. Ecol. Vol 17: 727-736. [Crossref]
58. Zuberbühler K. (2009). "Survivor signals: the biology and psychology of animal alarm calling". — Adv. Stud. Behav. Vol 40: 277-322. [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003414
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003414
2017-01-27
2018-01-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation