Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Social structure of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) off northern Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

Cetacean social structures include fluid and stable elements. Long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) live in units that interact forming labile groups. In this study conducted off Cape Breton Island, between 1998–2011, we confirm unit membership predicts associations between individuals. We determine how units are structured and interact. We delineated 21 nearly-stable social units, with an average 7 members. For units where multiple individuals are sexed, both sexes are present. Most units showed long-term stability, while one showed evidence of splitting. Three units shared individuals with the largest unit (K, average size = 29). Splitting is likely triggered by size and difficulties maintaining associations between all individuals. Pilot whales face many pressures driving sociality at a range of temporal and social scales producing a multilevel society. While we have produced a more detailed model of long-finned pilot whale social structure, there are still unanswered questions, particularly whether units are strict matrilines.

Affiliations: 1: aDepartment of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4R2 ; 2: bDepartment of Biology & Forensic Sciences Programme, Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 3C3

*Corresponding author’s e-mail address: joana.augusto@dal.ca
10.1163/1568539X-00003432
/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003432
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading data from figshare Loading data from figshare
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003432
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Alves F., Quérouil S., Dinis A., Nicolau C., Ribeiro C., Freitas L., Kaufmann M., Fortuna C. (2013). "Population structure of short-finned pilot whales in the oceanic archipelago of Madeira based on photo-identification and genetic analyses: implications for conservation". — Aquat. Conserv. Vol 23: 758-776.
2. Amos B., Schlotterer C., Tautz D. (1993). "Social structure of pilot whales revealed by analytical DNA profiling". — Science Vol 260(5108): 670-672. [Crossref]
3. Amos B., Barrett J., Dover G.A. (1991). "Breeding behavior of pilot whales revealed by DNA fingerprinting". — Heredity Vol 67: 49-55. [Crossref]
4. Araabi B.N., Kehtarnavaz N., McKinney T., Hillman G.R., Würsig B. (2000). "A string matching computer-assisted system for dolphin photo-identification". — Ann. Biomed. Eng. Vol 28: 1269-1279. [Crossref]
5. Auger-Methe M., Whitehead H. (2007). "The use of natural markings in studies of long finned pilot whales". — Mar. Mammal Sci. Vol 23: 77-93. [Crossref]
6. Augusto J.F., Frasier T.R., Whitehead H. (2013). "Using photography to determine sex in pilot whales (Globicephala melas) is not possible: males and females have similar dorsal fins". — Mar. Mammal Sci. Vol 29: 213-220. [Crossref]
7. Augusto J.F., Rachinas-Lopes P., dos Santos M.E. (2012). "Social structure of the declining resident community of common bottlenose dolphins in the Sado Estuary, Portugal". — J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK Vol 92: 1773-1782. [Crossref]
8. Bejder L., Fletcher D., Brager S. (1998). "A method of testing association patterns of social animals". — Anim. Behav. Vol 56: 719-725. [Crossref]
9. Bigg M.A., Ellis G., Ford J.K.B., Balcomb K.C. (1987). Killer whales: a study of their identification, genealogy and natural history in British Columbia and Washington State. — Phantom Press and Publishers, Nanaimo, BC.
10. Bigg M.A., Olesiuk P.F., Ellis G.M., Ford J.K.B., Balcomb K.C. (1990). "Social organization and genealogy of resident killer whales (Orcinus orca) in the coastal waters of British Columbia and Washington State". — Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. Vol 12: 383-405.
11. Bloch D., Lockyer C.H., Zachariassen M. (1993). "Age and growth parameters of the long-finned pilot whale off the Faroe Islands". — Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. Vol 14: 163-207.
12. Borgatti S.P. (2002). NetDraw software for network visualization. — Analytic Technologies, Lexington, KY.
13. Brent L.J.N., Franks D.W., Foster E.A., Balcomb K.C., Cant M.A., Croft D.P. (2015). "Ecological knowledge, leadership, and the evolution of menopause in killer whales". — Curr. Biol. Vol 25: 746-750. [Crossref]
14. Burnham K.P., Anderson D.R. (2002). Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. — Springer, New York, NY.
15. Cairns S., Schwager S. (1987). "A comparison of association indexes". — Anim. Behav. Vol 35: 1454-1469. [Crossref]
16. Christal J., Whitehehad H., Lettevall E. (1998). "Sperm whale social units: variation and change". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 76: 1431-1440. [Crossref]
17. Clutton-Brock T. (1989). "Mammalian mating systems". — Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B: Biol. Sci. Vol 236: 339-372. [Crossref]
18. Connor R., Wells R.S., Mann J., Read A.J. (2000). "The bottlenose dolphin: social relationships in a fission–fusion society". — In: Cetacean societies: field studies of dolphins and whales ( Mann J., Connor R.C., Tyack P.L., Whitehead H., eds). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, p.  91-126.
19. Croft D.P., Johnstone R.A., Ellis S., Nattrass S., Franks D.W., Brent L.J.N., Mazzi S., Balcomb K.C., Ford J.K.B., Cant M.A. (2017). "Reproductive conflict and the evolution of menopause in killer whales". — Curr. Biol. Vol 27: 298-304. [Crossref]
20. de Stephanis R., Verborgh P., Pérez S., Esteban R., Minvielle-Sebastia L., Guinet C. (2008). "Long-term social structure of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) in the Strait of Gibraltar". — Acta Ethol. Vol 11: 81-94. [Crossref]
21. Emlen S., Oring L.W. (1977). "Ecology, sexual selection, and the evolution of mating systems". — Science Vol 197: 215-223. [Crossref]
22. Flack J.C., Girvan M., de Waal F.B.M., Krakauer D.C. (2006). "Policing stabilizes construction of social niches in primates". — Nature Vol 439: 426-429. [Crossref]
23. Foote A.D. (2008). "Mortality rate acceleration and post-reproductive lifespan in matrilineal whale species". — Biol. Lett. Vol 4: 189-191. [Crossref]
24. Ford J.K.B., Ellis G.M., Balcomb K.C. (1994). Killer whales: the natural history and genealogy of Orcinus orca in British Columbia and Washington State. — UBC Press, Vancouver, BC.
25. Gero S., Bejder L., Whitehead H., Mann J., Connor R.C. (2005). "Behaviourally specific preferred associations in bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops spp". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 83: 1566-1573. [Crossref]
26. Gero S., Gordon J., Carlson C., Evans P., Whitehead H. (2007). "Population estimate and inter-island movement of sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, in the eastern Caribbean". — J. Cetac. Res. Manage. Vol 9: 143-150.
27. Gero S., Milligan M., Rinaldi C., Francis P., Gordon J., Carlson C., Steffen A., Tyack P., Evans P., Whitehead H. (2014). "Behavior and social structure of the sperm whales of Dominica, West Indies". — Mar. Mammal Sci. Vol 30: 905-922. [Crossref]
28. Gero S., Gordon J., Whitehead H. (2015). "Individualized social preferences and long-term social fidelity between social units of sperm whales". — Anim. Behav. Vol 102: 15-23. [Crossref]
29. Gilson A., Syvanen M., Levine K., Banks J. (1998). "Deer gender determination by polymerase chain reaction: validation study and application to tissues, bloodstains, and hair forensic samples from California". — Calif. Fish Game Vol 84: 159-169.
30. Hartman K.L., Visser F., Hendriks A.J.E. (2008). "Social structure of Risso’s dolphins (Grampus griseus) at the Azores: a stratified community based on highly associated social units". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 86: 294-306. [Crossref]
31. Heimlich-Boran J.R. (1993). Social organization of the short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus, with special reference to the comparative social ecology of delphinids. — PhD thesis, Cambridge University, Cambridge.
32. Hinde R. (1976). "Interactions, relationships and social structure". — Man Vol 11: 1-17. [Crossref]
33. Ivkovich T., Filatova O.A., Burdin A.M., Sato H., Hoyt E. (2010). "The social organization of resident-type killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Avacha Gulf, Northwest Pacific, as revealed through association patterns and acoustic similarity". — Mamm. Biol. Vol 75: 198-210. [Crossref]
34. Kappeler P.M., van Schaik C.P. (2002). "Evolution of primate social systems". — Int. J. Primatol. Vol 23: 707-740. [Crossref]
35. Kowarski K., Augusto J.F., Frasier T.R., Whitehead H. (2014). "Effects of remote biopsy sampling on long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) in Nova Scotia". — Aquat. Mammal. Vol 40: 117-125. [Crossref]
36. Mahaffy S.D. (2012). Site fidelity, associations and long-term bonds of short-finned pilot whales off the island of Hawai’i. — MSc thesis, Portland State University, Portland, OR.
37. Mahaffy S.D., Baird R.W., McSweeney D.C., Webster D.L., Schorr G.S. (2015). "High site fidelity, strong associations, and long-term bonds: Short-finned pilot whales off the island of Hawai’i". — Mar. Mammal Sci. Vol 31: 1427-1451. [Crossref]
38. Mantel N. (1967). "The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach". — Cancer Res. Vol 27: 209-220.
39. Mazzoil M., McCulloch S.D., Defran R.H., Murdoch M.E. (2004). "Use of digital photography and analysis of dorsal fins for photo-identification of bottlenose dolphins". — Aquat. Mammal. Vol 30: 209-219. [Crossref]
40. Michener C.D. (1974). The social behavior of bees. — Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
41. Moss C.J., Lee P.C. (2011). "Female social dynamics: fidelity and flexibility". — In: Amboseli elephants: a long-term perspective on a long-lived mammal ( Moss C.J., Croze H., Lee P.C., eds). University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, p.  205-223. [Crossref]
42. Moss C.J., Poole J.H. (1983). "Relationships and social structure of African elephants". — In: Primate social relationships: an integrated approach ( Hinde R.A., ed.). Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, p.  315-325.
43. Newman M. (2004). "Analysis of weighted networks". — Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Nonlin. Soft. Matter Phys. Vol 70: 056131.
44. Newman M. (2006). "Modularity and community structure in networks". — Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol 103: 8577-8582. [Crossref]
45. Ottensmeyer C., Whitehead H. (2003). "Behavioural evidence for social units in long-finned pilot whales". — Can. J. Zool. Vol 81: 1327-1338. [Crossref]
46. Palsbøll P.J., Larsen F., Hansen E.S. (1991). "Sampling of skin biopsies from free-ranging large cetaceans in west Greenland: development of new biopsy tips and bolt designs". — Rep. Int. Whal. Commn. Vol Special issue 13: 71-79.
47. Parsons K.M., Balcomb K.C. III, Ford J.K.B., Durban J.W. (2009). "The social dynamics of the southern resident killer whales and implications for the conservation of this endangered population". — Anim. Behav. Vol 77: 963-971. [Crossref]
48. Parsons K.M., Durban J.W., Claridge D.E., Balcomb K.C., Noble L.S., Thompson P.M. (2003). "Kinship as a basis for alliance formation between male bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, in the Bahamas". — Anim. Behav. Vol 66: 185-194. [Crossref]
49. Reilly S.B. (1990). "Seasonal changes in distribution and habitat differences among dolphins in the eastern tropical Pacific". — Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. Vol 66: 1-11. [Crossref]
50. Sambrook J., Russell D.W. (2001). Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual. — Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Spring Harbor, NY.
51. Sergeant D.E. (1962). "The biology of the pilot or pothead whales Globicephala melaena (Traill) in Newfoundland waters". — Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. Vol 132: 84.
52. Servidio A. (2014). Distribution, social structure and habitat use of short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus, in the Canary Islands. — PhD thesis, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews.
53. Simmonds M.P., Eliott W.J. (2009). "Climate change and cetaceans: concerns and recent developments". — J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK Vol 89: 203-210. [Crossref]
54. Wang J.Y., Frasier T.R., Yang S.C., White B.N. (2008). "Detecting recent speciation events: the case of the finless porpoise (genus Neophocaena)". — Heredity Vol 101: 145-155. [Crossref]
55. Whitehead H. (1995). "Investigating structure and temporal scale in social organizations using identified individuals". — Behav. Ecol. Vol 6: 199-208. [Crossref]
56. Whitehead H. (2001). "Analysis of animal movement using opportunistic individual-identifications: application to sperm whales". — Ecology Vol 82: 1417-1432. [Crossref]
57. Whitehead H. (2007). "Selection of models of lagged identification rates and lagged association rates using AIC and QAIC". — Commun. Stat. B: Simul. Vol 36: 1233-1246. [Crossref]
58. Whitehead H. (2008). Analyzing animal societies: quantitative methods for vertebrate social analysis. — University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. [Crossref]
59. Whitehead H. (2009). "SOCPROG programs: analyzing animal social structures". — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 63: 765-778. [Crossref]
60. Whitehead H., Bejder L., Ottensmeyer C.A. (2005). "Testing association patterns: issues arising and extensions". — Anim. Behav. Vol 69: e1-e6. [Crossref]
61. Whitehead H., Antunes R., Gero S., Wong S.N.P., Engelhaupt D., Rendell L. (2012). "Multilevel societies of female sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) in the Atlantic and Pacific: why are they so different?" — Int. J. Primatol. Vol 33: 1142-1164. [Crossref]
62. Whitehead H., Rendell L. (2015). The cultural lives of whales and dolphins. — University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
63. Wilson E.O. (1971). The insect societies. — Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003432
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568539x-00003432
2017-05-29
2017-11-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation