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DISCOVERY OF PARASTENOCARIDIDAE (COPEPODA, HARPACTICOIDA) IN INDIA, WITH THE DESCRIPTION OF THREE NEW SPECIES OF PARASTENOCARIS KESSLER, 1913, FROM THE RIVER KRISHNA AT VIJAYAWADA)

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In a two-year study of the family Parastenocarididae in the River Krishna at Vijayawada, South India, five species belonging to the genus Parastenocaris Kessler, 1913, have been met with. Of these, three are new to science: P.gayatri n. sp., P.savita n. sp., and P.sandhya n. sp. The first two of these belong to the brevipes -group, the last one to the sioli-group. This paper gives an illustrated description of these new taxa, and also briefly discusses their affinities and ecology. The other two species, viz., P.curvispinus Enckell, 1970, and Parastenocaris sp., will be dealt with elsewhere. This is the first report on Parastenocarididae from India. Incidentally, it has also been found that parastenocaridids constitute a rather favoured item in the diet of the postlarvae of a commercially important gobioid fish, Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822). A brief note of this finding has been made.

Au cours d'une étude de deux ans sur la famille des Parastenocarididae, provenant du fleuve Krishna à Vijayawada, Inde du Sud, cinq espèces appartenant au genre Parastenocaris Kessler, 1913, ont été rencontrées. Parmi elles, trois sont nouvelles pour la science: P.gayatri n. sp., P.savita n. sp. et P. sandhya n. sp. Les deux premières appartiennent au groupe brevipes, la troisième au groupe sioli. Ce travail donne une description illustrée de ces nouveaux taxons, ainsi qu'une brève discussion de leurs affinités et de leur écologie. Les deux autres espèces, P. curvispinus Enckell, 1970 et Parastenocaris sp. seront traitées par ailleurs. Ceci constitue la première étude sur les Parastenocarididae de l'Inde. Par ailleurs, il a été mis en évidence que les Parastenocarididae constituent un élément apprécié dans l'alimentation de la post-larve d'un poisson d'importance commerciale, Glossogobius giuris (Hamilton, 1822). Une note courte relative à cette trouvaille est fournie.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology, Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar 522 510, India

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/content/journals/10.1163/156854001317015553
2001-09-01
2016-07-26

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