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The occurrence of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in the eastern Adriatic (Croatian coast)

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On 15 October 2004, four specimens of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus were caught near Ston (Pelješac peninsula, south-eastern Adriatic) in a hypersaline lagoon (salt pond) at a depth of 0.50 m. An other specimen was caught in the Neretva River estuary on 1 October 2004 at a depth of 7 m, and a second one at the same location on 6 December 2006 at a depth of 5 m. The records from this study constitute the first report of this species from the eastern Adriatic coast and confirm the spreading of C. sapidus throughout the Adriatic Sea. The present records of the blue crab in the eastern Adriatic, however, do not allow any reliable comments to be made regarding whether or not the species has established a population in the area. In any event, the impact of a possibly successful colonization of this region by this and other exotic species would, at least, represent a significant change in the composition of the native fauna. Le 15 octobre 2004, quatre spécimens du crabe bleu, Callinectes sapidus ont été capturés près de Ston (péninsule de Pelješac, sud-est de l'Adriatique) dans une lagune hypersalée (étang salé) à une profondeur de 0,50 m. Un autre spécimen a été pris dans l'estuaire de la rivière Neretva le 1er octobre 2004 à une profondeur de 7 m, et un second à cette même station le 6 décembre 2006 à une profondeur de 5 m. Les résultats de cette étude constituent la première mention de cette espèce sur la côte Adriatique orientale et confirment la dispersion de C. sapidus dans toute la mer Adriatique. Cependant, ces observations du crabe bleu dans l'Adriatique orientale ne permettent aucun commentaire fiable quant à savoir si l'espèce a établi ou non une population dans cette région. Dans tous les cas, l'impact d'une possible colonisation réussie dans cette région, par cette espèce ou des autres espèces exotiques représenterait, au moins, un changement significatif dans la composition de la faune native.

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Marine and Coastal Research, Kneza Damjana Jude 12, HR-20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia; 2: Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Šetalište Ivana Meštrovíca 63, HR-21000 Split, Croatia; 3: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute for Marine Biological Resources, Coastal Zone Management Department, Agios Kosmas, Hellinikon, GR-16610 Athens, Greece; 4: University of Dubrovnik, Department of Aquaculture, Ćira Caríca 6, HR-20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia


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