Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Invasive alien crabs can be used for marine aquariums — turning a threat into profit

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Crustaceana

The present study demonstrates that specimens of the grapsoid crab Percnon gibbesi invading the Mediterranean can replace those being collected in the species home range to supply the European marine aquarium trade. Although P. gibbesi is currently ranked among the “100 worst” invasive alien species in Europe, thousands of specimens of this crab are still collected every year from the western Atlantic and shipped to Europe as “reef janitors” for marine aquariums. This work analysed the acceptance of Mediterranean P. gibbesi by European marine aquarium retailers, which, as expected, were unable to distinguish western Atlantic from alien P. gibbesi. Hobbyists claimed to prefer alien specimens, but only if these displayed an identical (or lower) retail value than those of the western Atlantic. Although a selective fishery on young recruits and female P. gibbesi will not eradicate or even stop the dispersal of this highly successful invader, it will certainly generate a new income source for local fishermen and probably help to alleviate the fishing pressure on potentially over-harvested stocks of P. gibbesi in its home range.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abelló P. , Visauta E. , Bucci A. , Demestre M. , 2003. "Noves dades sobre l’expansió del cranc Percnon gibbesi(Brachyura: Grapsidae: Plagusiinae) a la Mediterrània occidental". Boll. Soc. Hist. nat. Balears, Vol 46: 73- 77.
2. Bianchi C. N. , 2007. "Biodiversity issues for the forthcoming tropical Mediterranean Sea". Hydrobiologia, Vol 580: 7- 21.
3. Boyer S. E. , White J. S. , Stier A. C. , Osenberg C. W. , 2009. "Effects of the fish anesthetic, clove oil (eugenol), on coral health and growth". Journ. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol., Vol 369( 1): 53- 57.
4. Calado R. , 2008. Marine ornamental shrimp: biology, aquaculture and conservation: 1- 263. ( Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford).
5. Calado R. , 2006. "Marine ornamental species from European waters: a valuable overlooked resource or a future threat for the conservation of marine ecosystems?" Sci. mar., Vol 70( 3): 389- 398.
6. Calado R. , Dinis M. T. , 2008. "Collection of marine invertebrates for the aquarium trade in European waters: is anyone surveying?" Aquat. Conserv., (Mar. freshwat. Ecosyst.) Vol 18( 3): 335- 338.
7. Calado R. , Lin J. , Rhyne A. L. , Araujo R. , Narciso L. , 2003. "Marine ornamental decapods — popular, pricey, and poorly studied". Journ. Crust. Biol., Vol 23( 4): 963- 973.
8. DAISIE, 2008. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Percnon gibbesi. Available from:[Accessed 28 December 2010.]
9. Debelius H. , 2001. Crustacea guide of the world: 1- 321. ( IKAN — Unterwasserarchive, Frankfurt a/M).
10. Elkrwe H. M. , Elhawaj H. M. , Galil B. S. , Ben Abdallah A. , 2008. "The first record of Percnon gibbesi(H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Plagusiidae) from the southern rim of the Mediterranean". Aquat. Invasions, Vol 3( 2): 243- 245.
11. Erdmann M. V. , 1999. "Clove oil: an ‘eco-friendly’ alternative to cyanide use in the live reef fish industry?" SPC Live Reef Fish Inf. Bull., Vol 5: 4- 7.
12. Galil B. S. , 2007. "Loss or gain? Invasive aliens and biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea". Mar. Pollut. Bull., Vol 55( 7-9): 314- 322.
13. Galil B. S. , Froglia C. , Noël P. , 2002. CIESM atlas of exotic species in the Mediterranean. 2. Crustaceans: 1- 192. ( CIESM Publishers, Monaco).
14. Garcia L. , Reviriego B. , 2000. "Presència del cranc subtropical Percnon gibbesi(H. Milne Edwards, 1853), (Crustacea, Decapoda, Grapsidae) a les Illes Balears. Primera cita a la Mediterrània occidental". Boll. Soc. Hist. nat. Balears, Vol 43: 81- 89.
15. Gardner C. , 1997. "Options for humanely immobilizing and killing crabs". J. Shellfish Res., Vol 16( 1): 219- 224.
16. Grosholz E. , 2002. "Ecological and evolutionary consequences of coastal invasions". Trends Ecol. Evol., Vol 17( 1): 22- 27.
17. Lunn K. E. , Moreau M. A. , 2004. "Unmonitored trade in marine ornamental fishes: the case of Indonesia’s Banggai cardinalfish ( Pterapogon kauderni)". Coral Reefs, Vol 23( 3): 344- 351.
18. Occhipinti-Ambrogi A. , Galil B. S. , 2004. "A uniform terminology on bioinvasions: a chimera or an operative tool?" Mar. Pollut. Bull., Vol 49( 9-10): 688- 694.
19. Padilla D. K. , Williams S. L. , 2004. "Beyond ballast water: aquarium and ornamental trades as sources of invasive species in aquatic ecosystems". Front. Ecol. Environ., Vol 2( 3): 131- 138.[0131:BBWAAO]2.0.CO;2
20. Pipitone C. , Badalamenti F. , Sparrow A. , 2001. "Contribution to the knowledge of Percnon gibbesi(Decapoda, Grapsidae), an exotic species spreading rapidly in Sicilian waters". Crustaceana, Vol 74: 1009- 1017.
21. Puccio V. , Relini M. , Azzurro E. , Relini L. O. , 2006. "Feeding habits of Percnon gibbesi(H. Milne Edwards, 1853) in the Sicily Strait". Hydrobiologia, Vol 557: 79- 84.
22. Relini M. , Orsi L. , Puccio V. , Azzurro E. , 2000. "The exotic crab Percnon gibbesi(H. Milne Edwards, 1853) (Decapoda, Grapsidae) in the central Mediterranean". Sci. mar., Vol 64( 3): 337- 340.
23. Rhyne A. L. , Rotjan R. , Bruckner A. , Tlusty M. , 2009. "Crawling to collapse: ecologically unsound ornamental invertebrate fisheries". PLoS One, Vol 4( 12): e8413.
24. Sciberras M. , Schembri P. J. , 2008. "Biology and interspecific interactions of the alien crab Percnon gibbesiin the Maltese Islands". Mar. Biol. Res., Vol 4( 5): 321- 332.
25. Udekem d’Acoz C. d’ , 1999. "Inventaire et distribution des Crustacés Décapodes de l’Atlantique nord-oriental, de la Méditerranée et des eaux continentales adjacentes au nord de 25°N". Patrimoines Naturels (MNHN/SPN), Vol 40: 1- 383.
26. Wabnitz C. , Taylor M. , Green E. , Razak T. , 2003. From ocean to aquarium: 1- 64. ( UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge).
27. Whitfield P. E. , Hare J. A. , David A. W. , Harter S. L. , Munoz R. C. , Addison C. M. , 2007. "Abundance estimates of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans/ milescomplex in the western North Atlantic". Biol. Invasions, Vol 9( 1): 53- 64.
28. Williams A. B. , 1984. Shrimps, lobsters, and crabs of the Atlantic coast of the eastern United States, Maine to Florida: 1- 550. ( Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.).
29. Zajicek P. , Hardin S. , Watson C. , 2009. "A Florida marine ornamental pathway risk analysis". Rev. Fish. Sci., Vol 17( 2): 156- 169.
30. Zar J. H. , 1996. Bioestatistical analysis( 3rd ed.): 1- 662. ( Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey).

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation