Development of Rhincalanus nasutus (Giesbrecht, 1888) (Copepoda, Rhincalanidae) from the Humboldt Current System
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Morphological changes in the exoskeleton of naupliar stages 2-6 and copepodid stages I-V of Rhincalanus nasutus are described. On the distal segment of naupliar antennule, one lateral seta and two medial setae are added during each molt to nauplius 3-6. A naupliar arthrite is a thick, distinctive structure on the coxa of antenna, and the exopod of this limb is patterned from the large proximal segment of that ramus. The coxal gnathobase of the mandible appears at nauplius 4. Buds of maxillule and maxilla are added during the molt to nauplius 5, and buds of maxilliped and swimming legs 1-2 are added during the molt to nauplius 6. The somite bearing maxilla clearly articulates completely with the somite bearing the maxilliped on the last two naupliar stages. This unusual articulation does not appear during copepodid development, and the somite bearing swimming leg 2 is the anterior articulating somite during this later phase. One articulating somite is added during molts to copepodid II-V. Segmentation of the antennule is completed by copepodid IV. Segmentation of the exopod of antenna does not change during the copepodid phase, but one segment is added to the endopod of maxilla. Segmentation and setation of the maxilliped follow the usual calanoid pattern. Buds of swimming legs 3-5 are ventrolateral on their somite. Their presumptive exopod has two attenuations; their presumptive endopod bears an attenuation and a seta. Segmentation of the rami of swimming legs 1-4 follows the common pattern for copepods except for the exopod and endopod of swimming leg 1 which are only 2-segmented.
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