Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

First molecular data on the Western Australian Diacyclops (Copepoda, Cyclopoida) confirm morpho-species but question size differentiation and monophyly of the Alticola-group

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Crustaceana

Size differentiation has been considered an important phenomenon in evolution, and in situ speciation was hypothesized in the past for the parapatric subterranean Western Australian Diacyclops Kiefer, 1927 species from the alticola-group, based on morphological evidence. Aims of this study are to: derive their preliminary molecular phylogenies based on mitochondrial (12S) and nuclear (18S) genes; test if morpho-species are supported by molecular data; examine monophyly of the alticola-group; and test whether the size differences evolved in situ after colonization by a single ancestral species or resulted from different phylogeny. Analyses of the 12S sequences reveal at least six well defined clades, each corresponding to one morpho-species. The divergences are very high between all species, suggesting only a remote relationship, with those between sympatric species with significant size difference being in excess of 27%. Surprisingly, all analyses show very high bootstrap values for the clade formed by two cosmopolitan surface-water species, Diacyclops bisetosus (Rehberg, 1880) and D. bicuspidatus (Claus, 1857), despite numerous morphological differences. The 18S dataset also supports only a remote relationship between Diacyclops scanloni Karanovic, 2006 and two other Western Australian members of the alticola-group: D. humphreysi s. str. Pesce & De Laurentiis, 1996 and D. sobeprolatus Karanovic, 2006. Preliminary analyses suggest absence of in situ speciation and parallel evolution in the Western Australian Diacyclops, interspecific size differentiation being a result of different phylogeny. The alticola-group may be polyphyletic, and we recognize morphological characters that define two main lineages. A possibility of cryptic speciation in the cosmopolitan D. bisetosus is also suggested, and several sequences of Diacyclops available from GenBank are recognized either as contamination or misidentification.

Affiliations: 1: 3Department of Ecology, Charles University in Prague, Vinicna 7, 12844 Prague 2, Czech Republic

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156854012x651709
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Allford A. , Cooper S. J. B. , Humphreys W. F. , Austin A. D. , 2008. "Diversity and distribution of groundwater fauna in a limestone aquifer: does sampling alter the story?" Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 127- 138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07058
2. Audzijonyte A. , Damgaard J. , Varvio S.-L. , Vainio J. K. , Väinölä R. , 2005. "Phylogeny of Mysis(Crustacea, Mysida): history of continental invasions inferred from molecular and morphological data". Cladistics, Vol 21: 575- 596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2005.00081.x
3. Berner D. , Grandchamp A.-C. , Hendry A. P. , 2009. "Variable progress toward ecological speciation in parapatry: stickleback across eight lake-stream transitions". Evolution, Vol 63: 1740- 1753. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00665.x
4. Bláha M. , Hulak M. , Slouková J. , Těšitel J. , 2010. "Molecular and morphological patterns across Acanthocyclops vernalis-robustusspecies complex (Copepoda, Cyclopoida)". Zoologica Scripta, Vol 39: 259- 268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00422.x
5. Bolnick D. I. , Fitzpatrick B. M. , 2007. "Sympatric speciation: models and empirical evidence". Annual Revue of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol 38: 459- 487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.38.091206.095804
6. Boxshall G. A. , Halsey S. H. , 2004. An introduction to copepod diversity, Vol 1-2: 1- 966. ( The Ray Society, London).
7. Bradford T. , Adams M. , Humphreys W. F. , Austin A. D. , Cooper S. J. B. , 2010. "DNA barcoding of stygofauna uncovers cryptic amphipod diversity in a calcrete aquifer in Western Australia’s arid zone". Molecular Ecology Resources, Vol 10: 41- 50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0998.2009.02706.x
8. Brown W. L. , Wilson E. O. , 1956. "Character displacement". Systematic Zoology, Vol 5: 49- 64. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2411924
9. Byrne M. , Yeates D. K. , Joseph L. , Kearney M. , Bowler J. , Williams M. A. , Cooper S. J. B. , Donnellan S. C. , Keogh S. , Leijs R. , Melville J. , Murphy D. , Porch N. , Wyrwoll K.-H. , 2008. "Birth of a biome: synthesizing environmental and molecular studies of the assembly and maintenance of the Australian arid zone biota". Molecular Ecology, Vol 17: 4398- 4417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03899.x
10. Castresana J. , 2000. "Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis". Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol 17: 540- 552. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a026334
11. Cho J.-L. , Humphreys W. F. , Lee S.-D. , 2006a. "Phylogenetic relationships within the genus AtopobathynellaSchminke, 1973 (Bathynellacea, Parabathynellidae): with the description of six new species from Western Australia". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 20: 9- 41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS05019
12. Cho J.-L. , Park J.-G. , Ranga Reddy Y. , 2006b. " Brevisomabathynellagen. nov. with two new species from Western Australia (Bathynellacea, Syncarida): the first definitive evidence of predation in Parabathynellidae". Zootaxa, Vol 1247: 25- 42.
13. Cooper S. J. B. , Bradbury J. H. , Saint K. M. , Leys R. , Austin A. D. , Humphreys W. F. , 2007. "Subterranean archipelago in the Australian arid zone: mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of amphipods from central Western Australia". Molecular Ecology, Vol 16: 1533- 1544. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03261.x
14. Cooper S. J. B. , Hinze S. , Leys R. , Watts C. H. S. , Humphreys W. F. , 2002. "Islands under the desert: molecular systematic and evolutionary origin of stygobitic water beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from central Western Australia". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 16: 589- 598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IT01039
15. Cooper S. J. B. , Saint K. M. , Taiti S. , Austin A. D. , Humphreys W. F. , 2008. "Subterranean archipelago: mitochondrial DNA phylogeography of stygobitic isopods (Oniscidea: Halniscus) from the Yilgarn region of Western Australia". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 195- 203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07039
16. Culver D. , Pipan T. , 2009. The biology of caves and other subterranean habitats: 1- 256. ( Oxford University Press, Oxford).
17. De Laurentiis P. , Pesce G. L. , Humphreys W. F. , 1999. "Copepods from ground waters of Western Australia, IV. Cyclopoids from basin and craton aquifers (Crustacea: Copepoda: Cyclopidae)". Records of the Western Australian Museum, Vol 19: 243- 257.
18. Dussart B. , 1969. Les Copépodes des eaux continentales d’Europe Occidentale, 2. Cyclopoïdes et Biologie: 1- 221. ( N. Boubée & Cie, Paris).
19. Dussart B. , Defaye D. , 2006. World directory of Crustacea Copepoda of inland waters, II — Cyclopiformes: 1- 354. ( Backhuys Publishers, Leiden).
20. Finston T. L. , Johnson M. S. , Humphreys W. F. , Eberhard S. , Halse S. , 2007. "Cryptic speciation in two widespread subterranean amphipod genera reflects historical drainage patterns in an ancient landscape". Molecular Ecology, Vol 16: 355- 365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2006.03123.x
21. Foster S. A. , McKinnin G. E. , Steane D. A. , Potts B. M. , Vaillancourt R. E. , 2007. "Parallel evolution of dwarf ecotypes in the forest tree Eucalyptus globulus ". New Phytologist, Vol 175: 370- 380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02077.x
22. Frakes L. A. , 1999. "Evolution of Australian environments". In: Flora of Australia( 2nd ed.), Vol 1: 163- 203. ( Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, ACT).
23. Gibert J. , Danielopol D. L. , Stanford J. A. , 1994. Groundwater ecology: 1- 571. ( Academic Press, London).
24. Grishanin A. K. , Rasch E. M. , Dodson S. I. , Wyngaard G. A. , 2006. "Genetic architecture of the cryptic species complex of Acanthocyclops vernalis(Crustacea: Copepoda) II. Crossbreeding experiments, cytogenetics and a model of chromosomal evolution". Evolution, Vol 60: 37- 46.
25. Guzik M. , Abrams K. M. , Cooper S. J. B. , Humphreys W. F. , Cho J.-L. , Austin A. D. , 2008. "Phylogeography of the ancient Parabathynellidae (Crustacea: Bathynellacea) from the Yilgarn region of Western Australia". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 205- 216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07040
26. Guzik M. T. , Austin A. D. , Cooper S. J. B. , Harvey M. S. , Humphreys W. F. , Bradford T. , Eberhard S. M. , King R. A. , Leys R. , Muirhead K. A. , Tomlinson M. , 2011. "Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse?" Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 24: 407- 418. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS10038
27. Humphreys W. F. , 2000. "Background and glossary". In: Wilkens H. , Culver D. C. , Humphreys W. F. (eds.), Ecosystems of the world, 30: Subterranean ecosystems: 3- 14. ( Elsevier, Amsterdam).
28. Humphreys W. F. , 2001. "Groundwater calcrete aquifers in the Australian arid zone: the context to an unfolding plethora of stygal biodiversity". Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, Vol 64: 63- 83.
29. Humphreys W. F. , 2006. "Aquifers: the ultimate groundwater-dependent ecosystems". Australian Journal of Botany, Vol 54: 115- 132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/BT04151
30. Humphreys W. F. , 2008. "Rising from down under: developments in subterranean biodiversity in Australia from a groundwater perspective". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 85- 101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07016
31. Huys R. , Boxshall G. A. , 1991. Copepod evolution: 1- 468. ( The Ray Society, London).
32. Juan C. , Guzik M. T. , Jaume D. , Cooper S. J. B. , 2010. "Evolution in caves: Darwin’s “wrecks of ancient life” in the molecular era". Molecular Ecology, Vol 19: 3865- 3880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04759.x
33. Karanovic I. , 2007. Candoninae ostracods from the Pilbara region in Western Australia. Crustaceana Monographs, 7 : 1- 432. ( Brill, Leiden). http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004156937.i-434
34. Karanovic T. , 2004. Subterranean Copepoda from arid Western Australia. Crustaceana Monographs, 3 : 1- 366. ( Brill, Leiden).
35. Karanovic T. , 2005. "Two new genera and three new species of subterranean cyclopoids (Crustacea, Copepoda) from New Zealand, with redescription of Goniocyclops silvestrisHarding, 1958". Contributions to Zoology, Vol 74: 223- 254.
36. Karanovic T. , 2006. "Subterranean copepods (Crustacea, Copepoda) from the Pilbara region in Western Australia". Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, Vol 70: 1- 239.
37. Karanovic T. , 2008. Marine interstitial Poecilostomatoida and Cyclopoida (Copepoda) of Australia. Crustaceana Monographs, 9 : 1- 331. ( Brill, Leiden). http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004164598.i-332
38. Karanovic T. , Cooper S. J. B. , 2011a. "Third genus of parastenocarid copepods from Australia supported by molecular evidence (Harpacticoida: Parastenocarididae)". In: Defaye D. , Suárez-Morales E. , von Vaupel Klein J. C. (eds.), Studies on freshwater Copepoda: a volume in honour of Bernard Dussart. Crustaceana Monographs, 16 : 293- 337. ( Brill, Leiden). http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004181380.i-566.116
39. Karanovic T. , Cooper S. J. B. , 2011b. "Molecular and morphological evidence for short range endemism in the Kinnecaris solitariacomplex (Copepoda: Parastenocarididae), with descriptions of seven new species". Zootaxa, Vol 3026: 1- 64.
40. Karanovic T. , Cooper S. J. B. , 2012. "Explosive radiation of the genus Schizoperain a small subterranean island in Western Australia (Copepoda: Harpacticoida); unraveling the cases of cryptic speciation, size differentiation, and multiple invasions". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 26: in press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS11027
41. Karanovic T. , Krajicek M. , 2012. "When anthropogenic translocation meets cryptic speciation globalized bouillon originates; molecular variability of the cosmopolitan freshwater cyclopoid Macrocyclops albidus(Crustacea: Copepoda)". International Journal of Limnology, Vol 48: 63- 80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/limn/2011061
42. Karanovic T. , Tang D. , 2009. "A new species of the copepod genus Australoeucyclops(Crustacea: Cyclopoida: Eucyclopinae) from Western Australia shows the role of aridity in habitat shift and colonization of ground water". Records of the Western Australian Museum, Vol 25: 247- 263.
43. Kubota K. , Sota T. , 1998. "Hybridization and speciation in the carabid beetles of the subgenus Ohomopterus(Coleoptera, Carabidae, genus Carabus)". Researches on Population Ecology, Vol 40: 213- 222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02763406
44. Lefébure T. , Douady C. J. , Gouy M. , Gibert J. , 2006. "Relationship between morphological taxonomy and molecular divergence within Crustacea: proposal of a molecular threshold to help species delimination". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol 40: 435- 447. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.03.014
45. Leyequién E. , de Boer V. , Cleef A. , 2006. "Influence of body size on coexistence of bird species". Ecological Research, Vol 22: 735- 741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11284-006-0311-6
46. Leys R. , Watts C. H. , 2008. "Systematics and evolution of the Australian subterranean hydroporine diving beetles (Dytiscidae), with notes on Carabhydrus ". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 217- 225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07034
47. Leys R. , Watts C. H. S. , Cooper S. J. B. , Humphreys W. F. , 2003. "Evolution of subterranean diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Hydroporini, Bidessini) in the arid zone of Australia". Evolution, Vol 57: 2819- 2834.
48. Machida R. J. , Miya M. U. , Nishida M. , Nishida S. , 2004. "Large-scale gene rearrangements in the mitochondrial genomes of two calanoid copepods Eucalanus bungiiand Neocalanus cristatus(Crustacea), with notes on new versatile primers for the srRNA and COI genes". Gene, Vol 332: 71- 78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2004.01.019
49. Mayr E. , 1963. Animal species and evolution: 1- 797. ( Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA). http://dx.doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674865327.c3
50. Monchenko V. I. , 1974. "Schelepnoroti Ciklopopodibni Ciklopi (Cyclopidae)". Fauna Ukraïni, Kiev, Vol 27( 3).
51. Monchenko V. I. , 2000. "Cryptic species in Diacyclops bicuspidatus(Copepoda: Cyclopoida): evidence from crossbreeding studies". Hydrobiologia, Vol 417: 101- 107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1003811606429
52. Monchenko V. I. , von Vaupel Klein J. C. , 1999. "Oligomerization in Copepoda Cyclopoida as a kind of orthogenetic evolution in the Animal Kingdom". Crustaceana, Vol 72: 241- 264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854099503320
53. Morton D. W. , 1985. "Revision of the Australian Cyclopidae (Copepoda: Cyclopoida), I. AcanthocyclopsKiefer, DiacyclopsKiefer and Australocyclops, gen. nov." Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol 36: 615- 634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF9850615
54. Nagel L. , Schluter D. , 1998. "Body size, natural selection, and speciation in stickleback". Evolution, Vol 52: 209- 218. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2410936
55. Pesce G. L. , 1996. "Towards a revision of Cyclopinae copepods (Crustacea, Cyclopidae)". Fragmenta Entomologica Roma, Vol 28: 189- 200.
56. Pesce G. L. , De Laurentiis P. , 1996. "Copepods from ground waters of Western Australia, III. Diacyclops humphreysin. sp. and comments on the Diacyclops crassicaudiscomplex (Copepoda, Cyclopidae)". Crustaceana, Vol 69: 524- 531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854096X01096
57. Pesole G. , Gissi C. , De Chirico A. , Saccone C. , 1999. "Nucleotide substitution rate of mammalian mitochondrial genomes". Journal of Molecular Evolution, Vol 48: 427- 434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/PL00006487
58. Playford P. , 2003. "The Permo-Carboniferous glaciation of Gondwana: its impact on Western Australia". Western Wildlife, Vol 7: 1- 5.
59. Quesada H. , Posada D. , Caballero A. , Moran P. , Rolan-Alvarez E. , 2007. "Phylogenetic evidence for multiple sympatric ecological diversification in a marine snail". Evolution, Vol 61: 1600- 1612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00135.x
60. Reid J. W. , Strayer D. L. , 1994. " Diacyclops dimorphus, a new species of copepod from Florida, with comments on morphology of interstitial cyclopine cyclopoids". Journal of the North American Benthological Society, Vol 13: 250- 265. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1467243
61. Rundle H. D. , Nagel L. , Wenrick Boughman J. , Schluter D. , 2000. "Natural selection and parallel speciation in sympatric stricklbacks". Science, Vol 287: 306- 308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.287.5451.306
62. Ryan P. G. , Bloomer P. , Moloney C. L. , Grant T. J. , Delport W. , 2007. "Ecological speciation in South Atlantic insland finches". Science, Vol 315: 1420- 1423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1138829
63. Savolainen V. , Anstett M. C. , Lexer C. , Hutton I. , Clarkson J. J. , Norup M. V. , Powell M. P. , Springate D. , Salamin N. , Baker W. J. , 2006. "Sympatric speciation in palms on an oceanic island". Nature, Vol 442: 210- 213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04566
64. Schwenk K. , Sand A. , Boersma M. , Brehm M. , Mader E. , Offerhaus D. , Spaak P. , 1998. "Genetic markers, genealogies and biogeographic patterns in the Cladocera". Aquatic Ecology, Vol 32: 37- 51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009939901198
65. Seddon J. M. , Baverstock P. R. , Georges A. , 1998. "The rate of mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene evolution is similar in freshwater turtles and marsupials". Journal of Molecular Evolution, Vol 46: 460- 464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/PL00006326
66. Sota T. , Takami Y. , Kubota K. , Ujiie M. , Ishikawa R. , 2000. "Interspecific body size differentiation in species assemblages of the carabid subgenus Ohomopterusin Japan". Population Ecology, Vol 42: 279- 291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/PL00012006
67. Spears T. , Abele L. G. , Kim W. , 1992. "The monophyly of brachyuran crabs: a phylogenetic study based on 18S rRNA". Systematic Biology, Vol 41: 446- 461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/41.4.446
68. Tamura K. , Peterson D. , Peterson N. , Stecher G. , Nei M. , Kumar S. , 2011. "MEGA5: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods". Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol 28: 2731- 2739. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msr121
69. Thompson J. D. , Higgins D. G. , Gibson T. J. , 1994. "CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice". Nucleic Acids Research, Vol 22: 4673- 4680. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/22.22.4673
70. Watts C. H. S. , Humphreys W. F. , 2006. "Twenty-six new Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) of the genera LimbodessusGuignot and NirripirtiWatts and Humphreys from underground waters in Australia". Transaction of the Royal Society of South Australia, Vol 130: 123- 185.
71. Wilson G. D. F. , 2008. "Gondwanan groundwater: subterranean connections of Australian phreatoicidean isopods to India and New Zealand". Invertebrate Systematics, Vol 22: 301- 310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS07030
72. Wyngaard G. A. , Rocha C. E. F. , Pepato A. , 2011. "Familial level phylogeny of free-living cyclopoids (Copepoda), inferred from partial 18S ribosomal DNA". In: Defaye D. , Suárez-Morales E. , von Vaupel Klein J. C. (eds.), Studies on freshwater Copepoda: a volume in honour of Bernard Dussart. Crustaceana Monographs, 16 : 507- 544. ( Brill, Leiden). http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004181380.i-566.203
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/156854012x651709
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156854012x651709
2012-01-01
2016-12-03

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation