Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Visual acuity of the goby-associated shrimp, Alpheus rapax Fabricius, 1798 (Decapoda, Alpheidae)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Crustaceana

Species of alpheid shrimp that form symbiotic associations with gobiid fish are believed to possess poor visual capabilities. These shrimps are thought to heavily rely on their gobiid partners to detect threats and predators. The present study tested the visual capabilities of a goby-shrimp, Alpheus rapax Fabricius, 1798 to determine its visual reliance on the goby partner, Myersina macrostoma Herre, 1934. Alpheus rapax was found to possess the ability to perceive the colours green and blue, but not red. Although individuals tested did not respond to stationary figures, a statistically significant number of inviduals elicited a response when presented with a moving object. Results obtained from this study support the hypothesis that A. rapax does have limited visual acuity and is visually reliant on its goby partner while performing various activities outside its burrow.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Ache B. W. , Davenport D. , 1972. "The sensory basis of host recognition by symbiotic shrimp genus Betaeus ". Biological Bulletin, Vol 143: 94- 111.
2. Akihito , Meguro K. , 1978. "First record of the goby Myersina macrostomafrom Japan". Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, Vol 24: 295- 299.
3. Anker A. , Hurt C. , Knowlton N. , 2007. "Three transisthmian snapping shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Alpheidae: Alpheus) associated with innkeeper worms (Echiura: Thalassematidae) in Panama". Zootaxa, Vol 1626: 1- 23.
4. Anker A. , Jeng M. S. , Chan T. Y. , 2001. "Two unusual species of Alpheidae (Decapoda: Caridea), associated with upogebiid mudshrimps in the mudflats of Taiwan and Vietnam". Journal of Crustacean Biolology, Vol 21: 1049- 1061.
5. Anker A. , Murina G. V. , Lira C. , Vera Caripe J. A. , Palmer A. R. , Jeng M. S. , 2005. "Macrofauna associated with echiuran burrows: a review with new observations of the innkeeper worm, Ochetostoma erythrogrammonLeuckart and Rüppel, in Venezuela". Zoological Studies, Vol 44: 157- 190.
6. Banner D. M. , Banner A. H. , 1982. "The alpheid shrimp of Australia, part III: the remaining alpheids, principally the genus Alpheus, and the family Ogyrididae". Records of the Australian Museum, Vol 34: 1- 357.
7. Berón De Astrada M. , Tomsic D. , 2002. "Physiology and morphology of visual movement detector neurons in a crab (Decapoda: Brachyura)". Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, Vol 188: 539- 551.
8. Chiao C. C. , Cronin T. W. , Marshall N. J. , 2000. "Eye design and color signaling in a stomatopod crustacean Gonodactylus smithii ". Brain, Behavior and Evolution, Vol 56: 107- 122.
9. Cronin T. W. , Jinks R. N. , 2001. "Ontogeny of vision in marine crustaceans". American Zoologist, Vol 41: 1098- 1107.[1098:OOVIMC]2.0.CO;2
10. Dworschak P. C. , Anker A. , Abed-Navandi D. , 2000. "A new genus and three new species of alpheids (Decapoda: Caridea) associated with thalassinids". Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Vol 102B: 301- 320.
11. Felder D. L. , Rodriguez S. D. A. , 1993. "Reexamination of the ghost shrimp Lepidophthalmus louisianensis(Schmitt, 1935) from the northern Gulf of Mexico and comparison to L. siriboia, new species from Brazil (Decapoda: Thalassinidea: Callianassidae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol 13: 357- 376.
12. Fernandez H. R. , 1973. "Spectral sensitivity and visual pigment of the compound eye of the galatheid crab Pleuroncodes planipes ". Marine Biology, Vol 20: 148- 153.
13. Froglia C. , Atkinson R. J. A. , 1998. "Association between Athanas amazone(Decapoda: Alpheidae) and Squilla mantis(Stomatopoda: Squillidae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol 18: 529- 532.
14. Glantz R. M. , 1974a. "Defense reflex and motion detector responsiveness to approaching targets: the motion detector trigger to the defense reflex pathway". Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, Vol 95: 297- 314.
15. Glantz R. M. , 1974b. "Habituation of the motion detectors of the crayfish optic nerve: their relationship to the visually evoked defense reflex". Journal of Neurobiology, Vol 5: 489- 510.
16. Glynn P. W. , 1980. "Defense by symbiotic Crustacea of host corals elicited by chemical cues from predator". Oecologia, Vol 47: 287- 290.
17. Harada E. , 1969. "On the interspecific associations of a snapping shrimp and gobioid fishes". Publications of the Seto Marine Biology Laboratory, Vol 16: 315- 334.
18. Heck K. L. Jr. , Weinstein M. P. , 1989. "Feeding habits of juvenile reef fishes associated with Panamanian seagrass meadows". Bulletin of Marine Science, Vol 45: 629- 636.
19. Huang H. D. , Rittschof D. , Jeng M. S. , 2005. "Visual orientation of the symbiotic snapping shrimp Synalpheus demani ". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol 32( 6): 56- 66.
20. Hughes M. , 1996a. "The function of concurrent signals: visual and chemical communication in snapping shrimp". Animal Behaviour, Vol 52: 247- 257.
21. Hughes M. , 1996b. "Size assessment via a visual signal in snapping shrimp". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, Vol 38: 51- 57.
22. Jaafar Z. , Hou Z. , 2012. "Partner choice in the gobiid fish Myersina macrostomaliving in association with the alpheid shrimp Alpheus rapax ". Symbiosis, Vol 56: 121- 127.
23. Johnson M. L. , Gaten E. , Shelton P. M. J. , 2002. "Spectral sensitivities of five marine decapod crustaceans and a review of spectral sensitivity variation in relation to habitat". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Vol 82: 835- 842.
24. Karplus I. , Szlep R. , Tsurnamal M. , 1972 (cf. a). "Associative behavior of the fish Cryptocentrus cryptocentrusand pistol shrimp Alpheus djiboutensisin artificial burrows". Marine Biology, Vol 15: 95- 104.
25. Karplus I. , Szlep R. , Tsurnamal M. , 1981. "Goby-shrimp partner specificity. I. Distribution in the northern Red Sea and partner specificity". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol 51: 1- 19.
26. Karplus I. , Tsurnamal M. , Szlep R. , 1972 (cf. b). "Analysis of the mutual attraction in the association of the fish Cryptocentrus cryptocentrus(Gobiidae) and the shrimp Alpheus djiboutensis(Alpheidae)". Marine Biology, Vol 17: 275- 283.
27. Karplus I. , Tuvia S. B. , 1979. "Warning signals of Cryptocentrus steinitzi(Pisces, Gobiidae) and predator models". Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, Vol 51: 225- 232.
28. Karplus I. , Tuvia S. B. , 1981. "Goby-shrimp partner specificity. II. The behavioural mechanisms regulating partner specificity". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol 51: 21- 35.
29. Karplus I. , Tuvia S. B. , 1987. "The association between gobiid fishes and burrowing alpheid shrimps". Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, Vol 25: 507- 562.
30. Knowlton N. , 1980. "Sexual selection and dimorphism in two demes of a symbiotic, pair-bonding snapping shrimp". Evolution, Vol 34: 161- 173.
31. Kramer A. , van Tassel J. , Patzner R. , 2009. "A comparative study of two goby shrimp associations in the Caribbean Sea". Symbiosis, Vol 49: 137- 141.
32. Leggett L. M. W. , 1979. "A retinal substrate for colour discrimination in crabs". Journal of Comparative Physiology, Vol 113: 159- 166.
33. Longley W. H. , Hildebrand S. F. , 1941. Systematic catalogue of the fishes of Tortugas, Florida. Carnegie Institute of Washington, Publication, 535 : 1- 331. ( Carnegie Institute of Washington, Washington, DC).
34. Luther W. , 1958. "Symbiose von Fischen (Gobiidae) mit einem Krebs ( Alpheus djiboutensis) in Roten Meer". Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, Vol 15: 175- 177.
35. Macnae W. , Kalk M. , 1962. "The fauna and flora of sand flats at Inhaca Island, Moçambique". Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol 31: 93- 128.
36. Magnus D. B. E. , 1967. "Zur Ökologie sedimentbewohnender AlpheusGarnelen (Decapoda, Natantia) des Roten Meeres". Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, Vol 15: 506- 522.
37. Marshall N. J. , Cronin T. W. , Kleinlogel S. , 2007. "Stomatopod eye structure and function: a review". Arthropod Structure & Development, Vol 36: 420- 448.
38. Polunin N. V. C. , Lubbock R. , 1977. "Prawn-associated gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the Seychelles, western Indian Ocean: systematics and ecology". Journal of Zoology, Vol 183: 63- 101.
39. Preston J. L. , 1978. "Communication systems and social interactions in a goby-shrimp symbiosis". Animal Behaviour, Vol 26: 791- 802.
40. Randall J. E. , Lobel P. S. , Kennedy C. W. , 2005. "Comparative ecology of the gobies Nes longusand Ctenogobius saepepallens, both symbiotic with the snapping shrimp Alpheus floridanus ". Environmental Biology of Fishes, Vol 74: 119- 127.
41. Silliman B. R. , Layman C. A. , Altieri A. H. , 2003. "Symbiosis between an alpheid shrimp and a xanthoid crab in salt marshes of mid-Atlantic states, U.S.A." Journal of Crustacean Biology, Vol 23: 876- 879.
42. Smith R. J. F. , Smith M. J. , 1989. "Predator-recognition behaviour in two species of gobiid fishes, Asterropteryx semipunctatusand Gnatholepis anjerensis ". Ethology, Vol 83: 19- 30.
43. Thompson A. R. , 2005. "Dynamics of demographically open mutualists: immigration, intraspecific competition, and predation impact goby populations". Oecologia, Vol 143: 61- 69.
44. Vandenspiegel D. , Eeckhaut I. , Jangoux M. , 1998. "Host selection by Synalpheus stimpsoni(De Man), an ectosymbiotic shrimp of comatulid crinoids, inferred by a field survey and laboratory experiments". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Vol 225: 185- 196.
45. Williams A. B. , 1984. Shrimps, lobsters and crabs of the Atlantic coast of the eastern United States, Maine to Florida: 1- 550. ( Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC).
46. Winterbottom R. , 2002. "A redescription of Cryptocentrus crocatusWongratana, a redefinition of MyersinaHerre (Acanthopterygii; Gobiidae), a key to the species, and comments on relationships". Ichthyological Research, Vol 49: 69- 75.
47. Yanagisawa Y. , 1978. "Studies on the interspecific relationship between gobiid fish and snapping shrimp. I. Gobiid fishes associated with snapping shrimps in Japan". Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Vol 24: 269- 325.
48. Yanagisawa Y. , 1982. "Social behavior and mating system of the gobiid fish Amblyeleotris japonica ". Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, Vol 28: 401- 422.
49. Yanagisawa Y. , 1984. "Studies on the interspecific relationship between gobiid fish and snapping shrimp. 2. Life history and pair formation of snapping shrimp Alpheus bellulus ". Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Vol 29: 93- 116.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation