Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Growth patterns and population dynamics of the kelp crab Pugettia vulgaris (Decapoda, Brachyura, Epialtidae) on the coast of Sagami Bay, Japan

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Investigating the possibility of diverse patterns in habitat use of spider crabs requires to distinguish the growth phase of each sampled individual. In this study, ontogenetic stages (OS) were set on the basis of the different combinations of several secondary sexual characteristics, and used to describe the population dynamics of a small species kelp crab, Pugettia vulgaris Ohtsuchi, Kawamura & Takeda, 2014. Morphometric analysis, together with an estimation of the size at 50% maturity, confirmed that each OS is a statistically independent group in both sexes, and that this species reaches Stage III (fully grown stage at terminal anecdysis) at around 4-5 mm CW in both sexes. Monthly quantitative sampling during two years, which was carried out in 11 different subtidal habitats (<0.1-8 m deep), revealed that P. vulgaris preferred lower subtidal (2-8 m deep) red algal turfs with physically complex structures as their habitat, and will stay there throughout their entire post-settlement life history. The densities of P. vulgaris rapidly increased during summer to late autumn due to the successive recruitments of juveniles, and the highest mean density (315 ± 72 ind./m2) was recorded at lower subtidal gelidiacean turfs (Rhodophyta, Gelidiaceae) in September 2009. Females were ovigerous at >4.28 mm CW, during spring to autumn. Stage III individuals died out by autumn. Thus, the longevity of P. vulgaris is estimated to be approximately one year. Although the CW class frequency composition did not differ clearly, the OS frequency composition differed among populations in three algal turfs, suggesting settlement selectivity, and a different mortality among these different populations.

Affiliations: 1: 1Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-0882, Japan ; 2: 2Yokosuka Laboratory, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Nagai, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 238-0316, Japan

3Corresponding author; e-mail:

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Ahl J. S. B. , Laufer H. , 1996. "Symposium 2: male reproductive physiology. The pubertal moult in Crustacea revisited". Invertebr. Reprod. Dev., Vol 30: 177-180.
2. Akioka H. , Baba M. , Masaki T. , Johansen H. W. , 1999. "Rocky shore turfs dominated by Corallina (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) in northern Japan". Phycol. Res., Vol 47: 199-206.
3. Aris J. P. , Allan A. D. , Moulton L. , 1982. "The occurrence of Pugettia richii (Crustacea: Decapoda) on Cystoseira osmundacea follows a diel pattern". Bull. Mar. Sci., Vol 32: 243-249.
4. Baeza J. A. , Andersen J. R. , Spadaro A. J. , Behringer A. J. , 2012. "Sexual dimorphism, allometry, and size at first maturity of the Caribbean king crab, Mithrax spinosissimus, in the Florida Keys". J. Shellfish Res., Vol 31: 909-916.
5. Beninger P. G. , Elner R. W. , Poussart W. , 1991. "Gonopods of the majid crab Chionoecetes opilio (O. Fabricius)". J. Crust. Biol., Vol 11: 217-228.
6. Byrnes J. , Stachowicz J. J. , Hultgren K. M. , Hughes A. R. , Olyarnik S. V. , Thornbert C. S. , 2006. "Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behaviour". Ecol. Lett., Vol 9: 61-71.
7. Carmona-Suarez C. , 2003. "Reproductive biology and relative growth in the spider crab Maja crispata (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majidae)". Sci. Mar., Vol 67: 75-80.
8. Cobo V. J. , Alves D. F. R. , 2009. "Relative growth and sexual maturity of the spider crab, Mithrax tortugae Rathbun, 1920 (Brachyura, Mithracidae) on a continental island off the southeastern Brazilian coast". Crustaceana, Vol 82: 1265-1273.
9. Cobo V. J. , Barros S. D. P. , 2009. "Reproductive output of the spider crab Epialtus bituberculatus (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) associated with the beds of the alga Sargassum cymosum (C. Agardh, 1820) on the southeastern Brazilian coast". Invertebr. Reprod. Dev., Vol 53: 53-58.
10. Conan G. Y. , Comeau M. , 1986. "Functional maturity and terminal moult of snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio ". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., Vol 49: 2460-2468.
11. Corgos A. , Freire J. , 2006. "Morphometric and gonad maturity in the spider crab Maja brachydactyla: a comparison of methods for estimating size at maturity in species with determinate growth". ICES J. Mar. Sci., Vol 63: 851-859.
12. Corgos A. , Sanchez N. , Freire J. , 2010. "Dynamics of the small-scale spatial structure of a population of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla (Decapoda: Majidae)". J. Shellfish Res., Vol 29: 25-36.
13. Daly B. , Konar B. , 2008. "Effects of macroalgal structural complexity on nearshore larval and post-larval crab composition". Mar. Biol., Vol 153: 1055-1064.
14. Daly B. , Konar B. , 2010. "Temporal trends of two spider crabs (Brachyura, Majoidea) in nearshore kelp habitats in Alaska, U.S.A." Crustaceana, Vol 83: 659-669.
15. De Goursey R. E. , Auster P. J. , 1992. "A mating aggregation of the spider crab (Libinia emarginata)". J. Northwest Atl. Fish. Sci., Vol 13: 77-82.
16. Diesel R. , 1986. "Population dynamics of the commensal spider crab Inachus phalangium (Decapoda: Maiidae)". Mar. Biol., Vol 91: 481-489.
17. Flores A. A. V. , Marques F. P. L. , Negreiros-Fransozo M. L. , 2002. "Postlarval stages and growth patterns of the spider crab Pyromaia tuberculata (Brachyura, Majidae) from laboratory-reared material". J. Crust. Biol., Vol 22: 314-327.
18. Fuseya R. , Watanabe S. , 1993. "Growth and reproduction of the spider crab, Pugettia quadridens quadridens (De Haan) (Brachyura: Majidae)". Crust. Res., Vol 22: 75-81.
19. Garth J. S. , 1958. "Brachyura of the Pacific coast of America: Oxyrhyncha". Allan Hancock Pac. Exped., Vol 21: 1-854, pls. A-Z, Z1-Z4, 1-55, tbls. 1-107.
20. Griffin D. J. G. , Tranter H. A. , 1986. "The Decapoda Brachyura of the Siboga Expedition. Part VIII. Majidae". Siboga Expeditie, Vol 39: 1-335, 22 pls.
21. Grossman G. D. , 1986. "Food resource partitioning in a rocky intertidal fish assemblage". J. Zool., London, (B) Vol 1: 317-355.
22. Guerao G. , Rotllant G. , 2009. "Post-larval development and sexual dimorphism of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla (Brachyura: Majidae)". Sci. Mar., Vol 73: 797-808.
23. Hartnoll R. G. , 1963. "The biology of Manx spider crabs". Proc. Zool. Soc. London, Vol 141: 423-496.
24. Hartnoll R. G. , 1964. "The biology of spider crabs: a comparison of British and Jamaican species". Crustaceana, Vol 9: 1-16.
25. Hartnoll R. G. , 1974. "Variation in growth pattern between some secondary sexual characters in crabs (Decapoda Brachyura)". Crustaceana, Vol 27: 131-136.
26. Hayakawa J. , Kawamura T. , Kurogi H. , Watanabe Y. , 2013. "Shelter effects of coralline algal turfs: protection for Turbo cornutus juveniles from predation by a predatory gastropod and wrasse". Fish. Sci., Vol 79: 15-20.
27. Hayakawa J. , Kawamura T. , Ohashi S. , Ohtsuchi N. , Kurogi H. , Watanabe Y. , 2012. "Predation by neogastropods on Turbo cornutus juveniles and other small gastropods inhabiting coralline algal turfs". Fish. Sci., Vol 78: 309-325.
28. Hines A. H. , 1982. "Coexistence in a kelp forest: size, population dynamics, and resource partitioning in a guild of spider crabs (Brachyura, Majidae)". Ecol. Monogr., Vol 52: 179-198.
29. Huh S. H. , An Y. R. , 1998. "Seasonal variation of crab (Crustacea: Decapoda) community in the eelgrass (Zostera marina) bed in Kwangyang Bay, Korea". J. Korean Fish. Soc., Vol 34: 535-544. [In Korean.]
30. Hultgren K. M. , Stachowicz J. J. , 2008. "Alternative camouflage strategies mediate predation risk among closely related co-occurring kelp crabs". Oecologia, Vol 155: 519-528.
31. Hultgren K. M. , Stachowicz J. J. , 2010. "Size-related habitat shifts facilitated by positive preference induction in a marine kelp crab". Behav. Ecol., Vol 21: 329-336.
32. James-Pirri M.-J. , Cobb J. S. , 1997. "Growth rates of planktonic and newly settled American lobsters Homarus americanus ". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol 160: 233-240.
33. Kelaher B. P. , 2002. "Influence of physical characteristics of coralline turf on associated macrofaunal assemblages". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol 232: 141-148.
34. Knudsen J. W. , 1964. "Observations of the reproductive cycles and ecology of the common Brachyura and crablike Anomura of Puget Sound, Washington". Pac. Sci., Vol 18: 3-33.
35. Liuzzi M. G. , Gappa J. L. , 2008. "Macrofaunal assemblages associated with coralline turf: species turnover and changes in structure at different spatial scales". Mar. Ecol. Prog. Res., Vol 363: 147-156.
36. Madariaga D. J. , Ortiz M. , Thiel M. , 2013. "Demography and feeding behavior of the kelp crab Taliepus marginatus in subtidal habitats dominated by the kelps Macrocystis pyrifera or Lessonia trabeculata ". Invertebr. Biol., Vol 132: 133-144.
37. McLean J. H. , 1962. "Sublittoral ecology of kelp beds of the open coast near Carmel, California". Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab. Woods Hole, Vol 122: 95-114.
38. Mura M. , Orrù F. , Cau A. , 2005. "Size at sexual maturity of the spider crab Anamathia rissoana (Decapoda: Majoidea) from the Sardinian Sea". J. Crust. Biol., Vol 25: 110-115.
39. Ng P. K. L. , Guinot D. , Davie P. J. F. , 2008. "Systema Brachyurorum: part 1. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world". Raffles B. Zool., Vol 17(Suppl.): 1-286.
40. Ohtsuchi N. , Kawamura T. , Takeda M. , 2014. "Redescription of a poorly known epialtid crab Pugettia pellucens Rathbun, 1932 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Majioidea) and description of a new species from Sagami Bay, Japan". Zootaxa, Vol 3765: 557-570.
41. Onitsuka T. , Kawamura T. , Ohashi S. , Iwanaga S. , Horii T. , Watanabe Y. , 2008. "Effects of sediments on larval settlement of abalone Haliotis diversicolor ". J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., Vol 365: 53-58.
42. Palma A. T. , Orrego C. , Arriagada M. , 2003. "Crypsis in early benthic phases of brachyuran decapod crustaceans in central Chile". Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat., Vol 76: 149-156.
43. Palma A. T. , Soto-Gamboa M. , Ojeda F. P. , 2011. "Ontogenetic habitat shift of an herbivorous crab: a chemically mediated defense mechanism?" Rev. Biol. Mar. Oceanogr., Vol 46: 329-338.
44. Pérez C. , 1928. "Sur l’appareil d’accrochage de l’abdomen au thorax chez les Decapodes Brachyures". CR. Acad. Sci. Paris, Vol 186: 461-463. [In French.]
45. Pérez C. , 1929. "Caractères sexuels chez un crabe oxyrhynque (Macropodia rostrata L.)". CR. Acad. Sci. Paris, Vol 188: 91-93. [In French.]
46. R Development Core Team, 2012. R: a language and environment for statistical computing (2.15.0 edition). (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna).
47. Sal Moyano M. P. , Gavio M. A. , Cuartas E. I. , 2011 (cf. a). "Copulatory system of the spider crab Libinia spinosa (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majoidea)". J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., Vol 91: 1617-1625.
48. Sal Moyano M. P. , Gavio M. A. , Maggi M. D. , 2011 (cf. b). "Morphometric and gonad maturity of the spider crab Libinia spinosa (Crustacea: Brachyura: Majoidea: Epialtidae) in Argentina". J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., Vol 91: 837-844.
49. Sampedro M. P. , González-Gurriarán E. , Freire J. , Muiño R. , 1999. "Morphometry and sexual maturity in the spider crab Maja squinado (Decapoda: Majidae) in Galicia, Spain". J. Crust. Biol., Vol 19: 578-592.
50. Sato M. , Wada K. , 2000. "Resource utilization for decorating in three intertidal majid crabs (Brachyura: Majidae)". Mar. Biol., Vol 137: 705-714.
51. Stachowicz J. J. , Hay M. E. , 1999. "Reducing predation through chemically mediated camouflage: indirect effects of plant defenses on herbivores". Ecology, Vol 80: 495-509.[0495:RPTCMC]2.0.CO;2
52. Takeda M. , Okamoto K. , Fukuda T. , 1976. " Huenia brevifrons Ward (Decapoda, Majidae) attached to calcareous green alga, Halimeda, from the Ryukyu Islands". Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. A (Zool.), Vol 2: 103-107.
53. Tamone S. L. , Adams M. M. , Dutton J. M. , 2005. "Effect of eyestalk-ablation on circulating ecdysteroids in hemolymph of snow crabs, Chionoecetes opilio: physiological evidence for a terminal moult". Integr. Comp. Biol., Vol 45: 166-171.
54. Teissier G. , 1933. "Étude de la croissance de quelques variants sexuels chez Macropodia rostrata L." Bull. Biol. Fr. Bel., Vol 67: 401-444. [In French.]
55. Teixeira G. M. , Fransozo V. , Castilho A. L. , Costa R. C. , Fraire F. A. M. , 2008. "Size distribution and sex ratio in the spider crab Epialtus brasiliensis (Dana, 1852) associated with seaweed on a rocky shore in southeastern Brazil". Senkenb. Biol., Vol 88: 169-175.
56. Teixeira G. M. , Fransozo V. , Cobo V. J. , Hiyodo C. M. , 2009. "Population features of the spider crab Acanthonyx scutiformis (Dana, 1851) (Crustacea, Majoidea, Epialtidae) associated with rocky-shore algae from southeastern Brazil". Panam. J. Aquat. Sci., Vol 4: 87-95.
57. Varisco M. , Vinuesa J. , 2011. "Reproductive biology of the spider crab Leucippa pentagona (Decapoda: Epialtidae), in Bustamante Bay, Argentina". Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res., Vol 39: 471-480.
58. Vernet-Cornubert G. , 1958. "Biologie générale de Pisa tetraodon ". Bull. Inst. Océanogr. Monaco, Vol 1113: 1-52, figs. 1-19, pls. 1-4.
59. Wahle R. A. , Steneck R. S. , 1991. "Recruitment habitats and nursery grounds of the American lobster Homarus americanus: a demographic bottleneck?" Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., Vol 69: 231-243.
60. Wicksten M. K. , Bostick C. R. II , 1983. "Migration of kelp crabs (Pugettia producta) at San Pedro, California". J. Crust. Biol., Vol 3: 364-366.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation