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Heteromysis sabelliphila sp. nov. (Mysida, Mysidae, Heteromysinae) in facultative association with sabellids from the Cape Verde Islands (subtropical N.E. Atlantic)

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A survey of crustaceans associated with benthic invertebrates in near-shore habitats at islands of the Cape Verde archipelago yielded a new species belonging to the genus Heteromysis, subgenus Olivemysis: H. sabelliphila sp. nov. shows a non-obligatory association with the sabellid polychaete Branchiomma nigromaculatum only during the night. This is the first documented mysid–polychaete association. The mysids apparently took particles collected by the polychaete, suggesting a kleptoparasitic interspecific relationship. A set of three specifically modified setae on the antennular trunk is shared by the new species with two Heteromysis species from Madeira (subtropical N.E. Atlantic), suggesting a close morphological relationship within the subgenus Olivemysis: with H. wirtzi, commensal of the sea anemone Telmatactis cricoides, and with H. dardani, commensal of the hermit crab Dardanus calidus. A key to the Heteromysinae of the E. Atlantic and Mediterranean is given.

Affiliations: 1: 1Institut für Umwelthygiene, Zentrum für Public Health, Medizinische Universität Wien, Kinderspitalgasse 15, A-1090 Vienna, Austria ; 2: 2Centro de Ciências do Mar, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, PT-8005-139, Faro, Portugal

3Corresponding author; e-mail:

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