Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Palaeogene and Neogene brachyurans of the Amazon basin: a revised first appearance date for primary freshwater crabs (Brachyura, Trichodactylidae)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Crustaceana

We describe claw fragments of fossil primary freshwater crabs from three areas in the Amazon basin, Tarapoto (Early Oligocene) and Contamana (Middle Eocene to early Late Miocene) in Peru, and Eirunepé (Late Miocene) in Brazil. All these fragments most likely belong to the family Trichodactylidae. We show a continuous presence of primary freshwater crabs in proto-Amazonian lowlands from the Middle Eocene to the Late Miocene and can thus shift the earliest appearance date of freshwater-adapted brachyurans into the Eocene, at least in the Neotropics.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Ecology and Evolution, J.W. Goethe Universität — Biologicum, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 13, D-60438 Frankfurt a. M., Germany ; 2: 2Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Av. André Araújo 2936, 69067-375 Manaus, AM, Brazil ; 3: 3Departamento de Paleontología de Vertebrados, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Avenida Arenales 1256, Lima 14, Peru ; 4: 4Department for Geology and Palaeontology, Universalmuseum Joanneum, Weinzöttlstrasse 16, 8045 Graz, Austria ; 5: 5Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution, UMR 5554 CNRS, IRD, EPHE, Université de Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier cedex 5, France

6Corresponding author; e-mail:

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Antoine P.-O., Abello M. A., Adnet S., Altamirano Sierra A. J., Baby P., Billet G., Boivin M., Calderón Y., Candela A., Chabain J., Corfu F., Croft D. A., Ganerød M., Jaramillo C., Klaus S., Marivaux L., Navarrete R. E., Orliac M. J., Parra F., Pérez M. E., Pujos F., Rage J.-C., Ravel A., Robinet C., Roddaz M., Tejada-Lara J. V., Vélez-Juarbe J., Wesselingh F. P., Salas-Gismondi R., 2016 (cf. a). "A 60-million-year Cenozoic history of western Amazonian ecosystems in Contamana, eastern Peru". Gondwana Research, Vol 31: 30-59. [Crossref]
2. Antoine P.-O., Marivaux L., Croft D. A., Billet G., Ganerød M., Jaramillo C., Martin T., Orliac M. J., Tejada J., Altamirano A. J., Duranthon F., Fanjat G., Rousse S., Gismondi R. S., 2012. "Middle Eocene rodents from Peruvian Amazonia reveal the pattern and timing of caviomorph origins and biogeography". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, Vol 279: 1319-1326. [Crossref]
3. Antoine P.-O., Roddaz M., Brichau S., Tejada-Lara J. V., Salas-Gismondi R., Altamirano A. J., Louterbach M., Lambs L., Otto T., Brusset S., 2013. "Middle Miocene vertebrates from the Amazonian Madre de Dios Subandean Zone, Perú". Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol 42: 91-102. [Crossref]
4. Antoine P.-O., Salas-Gismondi R., Pujos F., Ganerød M., Marivaux L., 2016 (cf. b). "Western Amazonia as a hotspot of mammalian biodiversity throughout the Cenozoic". Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Vol 24: 5-17. [Crossref]
5. Ashkenazi S., Motro U., Goren-Inbar N., Biton R., Rabinovich R., 2005. "New morphometric parameters for assessment of body size in the fossil freshwater crab assemblage from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel". Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol 32: 675-689. [Crossref]
6. Bachmayer F., Pretzmann G., 1971. "Krebsreste aus den altpliozänen Süßwasserablagerungen des Eichkogels bei Mödling, Niederösterreich". Annalen des naturhistorischen Museums Wien, Vol 75: 283-291.
7. Boivin M., Marivaux L., Candela A. M., Orliac M. J., Pujos F., Salas-Gismondi R., Tejada-Lara J. V., Antoine P.-O., 2017. "Late Oligocene caviomorph rodents from Contamana, Peruvian Amazonia". Papers in Palaeontology, Vol 3: 69-109. [Crossref]
8. Carriol R.-P., Secrétan S., 1992. "Présence dans le Bassin du Lac Albert (Ouganda), dès le Miocène supérieur, de Potamonautes (Acanthothelphusa) niloticus (Crustacea, Brachyura)". Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l’Univers, Sciences de la Terre, Vol 314: 411-417.
9. Conrad C., Higham C., Eda M., Marwick B., 2016. "Palaeoecology and forager subsistence strategies during the Pleistocene – Holocene transition: A reinvestigation of the zooarchaeological assemblage from Spirit Cave, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand". Asian Perspectives, Vol 55(1): 2-27. [Crossref]
10. Dobson M., Magana A., Mathooko J. M., Ndegwa F. K., 2002. "Detritivores in Kenyan highland streams: more evidence for the paucity of shredders in the tropics?" Freshwater Biology, Vol 47: 909-919. [Crossref]
11. Eude A., Roddaz M., Brichau S., Brusset S., Calderón Y., Baby P., Soula J.-C., 2015. "Controls on timing of exhumation and deformation in the northern Peruvian eastern Andean wedge as inferred from low-temperature thermochronology and balanced cross section". Tectonics, Vol 34: 715-730. [Crossref]
12. Feldmann R. M., O’Connor P. M., Stevens N. J., Gottfried M. D., Roberts E. M., Ngasala S., Rasmusson E. L., Kapilima S., 2007. "A new freshwater crab (Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamonautidae) from the Paleogene of Tanzania, Africa". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie — Abhandlungen, Vol 244: 71-78. [Crossref]
13. Flynn J. J., Wyss A. R., 1999. "New marsupials from the Eocene-Oligocene transition of the Andean Main Range, Chile". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol 19: 533-549. [Crossref]
14. Goin F. J., Abello M. A., Chornogubsky L., 2010. "Middle Tertiary marsupials from central Patagonia (early Oligocene of Gran Barranca): understanding South America’s Grande Coupure". In: Madden R. H., Carlini A. A., Vucetich M. G., Kay R. F. (eds.), The paleontology of Gran Barranca: evolution and environmental change through the Middle Cenozoic of Patagonia: 71-107. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).
15. Gross M., Piller W. E., Ramos M. I., Douglas da Silva Paz J., 2011. "Late Miocene sedimentary environments in south-western Amazonia (Solimoes Formation; Brazil)". Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol 32: 169-181. [Crossref]
16. Gross M., Ramos M. I., Caporaletti M., Piller W. E., 2013. "Ostracods (Crustacea) and their palaeoenvironmental implication for the Solimoes Formation (Late Miocene; Western Amazonia/Brazil)". Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol 42: 216-241. [Crossref]
17. Hermoza W., Brusset S., Baby P., Gil W., Roddaz M., Guerrero N., Bolaños R., 2005. "The Huallaga foreland basin evolution: thrust propagation in a deltaic environment, northern Peruvian Andes". Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Vol 19: 21-34. [Crossref]
18. Hoorn C. M., Wesselingh F. P., ter Steege H., Bermudez M. A., Mora A., Sevink J., Sanmartin I., Sanchez-Meseguer A., Anderson C. L., Figueiredo J. P., Jaramillo C., Riff D., Negri F. R., Hooghiemstra H., Lundberg J., Stadler T., Sarkinen T., Antonelli A., 2010. "Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity". Science, Vol 330: 927-931. [Crossref]
19. Klaus S., Böhme M., Schneider S., Prieto J., Phetsomphou B., 2011. "Evidence of the earliest freshwater decapod fossil from Southeast Asia (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura)". The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Vol 59: 47-51.
20. Klaus S., Gross M., 2010. "Synopsis of the fossil freshwater crabs of Europe (Crustacea: Brachyura: Potamidae)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie — Abhandlungen, Vol 256: 39-59. [Crossref]
21. Klaus S., Prieto J., 2014. "New occurrence of Miocene freshwater crabs (Brachyura, Potamidae) in the North Alpine Foreland Basin, Germany, with a note on fossil Potamon to calibrate molecular clocks". In: Yeo D. C. J., Cumberlidge N., Klaus S. (eds.), Advances in freshwater decapod systematics and biology. Crustacean Monographs, 19 : 161-172. (Brill, Leiden). [Crossref]
22. Klaus S., Singh B., Hartmann L., Krishan K., Ghosh A., Patnaik R. A., in press. "A fossil freshwater crab from the Pliocene Tatrot Formation (Siwalik group) in Northern India (Crustacea, Brachyura, Potamidae)". Palaeoworld.
23. Klaus S., Yeo D. C. J., Ahyong S. T., 2011. "Freshwater crab origins — laying Gondwana to rest". Zoologischer Anzeiger, Vol 250: 449-456. [Crossref]
24. Latreille P. A., 1802. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes, Vol 3. (F. Dufart, Paris).
25. Latreille P. A., 1828. "Trichodactyle, Trichodactylus". In: Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire Naturelle. Entomologie, ou Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés, des Arachnides & des Insectes, Vol 10: 705.
26. Linhares A. P., Ramos M. I. F., 2011. "Evidence for marine influx during the Miocene in southwestern Amazonia, Brazil — Evidencias de influencia marina durante el Mioceno en el Sudoeste de la Amazonia (Brasil)". Geología Colombiana, Vol 36: 91-104.
27. Linnaeus C., 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. (Lars Salvi, Stockholm).
28. Lundberg J. G., Marshall L. G., Guerrero J., Horton B., Malabarba M., Wesselingh F. P., 1998. "The stage for Neotropical fish diversification: a history of tropical South American rivers". In: Malabarba L. R., Reis R. E., Vari R. P., Lucena Z. M., Lucena C. A. (eds.), Phylogeny and classification of Neotropical fishes: 13-48. (EDIPUCRS, Porto Alegre, Brazil).
29. Magalhães C., 2003. "Brachyura: Pseudothelphusidae e Trichodactylidae". In: Melo G. A. (ed.), Manual de Identificação dos Crustáceos decápodos de água doce brasileiros: 143-297. (Edições Loyola, São Paulo).
30. Magalhães C., Türkay M., 1996a. "Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae II. The genera Forsteria, Melocarcinus, Sylviocarcinus, and Zilchiopsis (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura)". Senckenbergiana biologica, Vol 75: 97-130.
31. Magalhães C., Türkay M., 1996b. "Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae III. The genera Fredilocarcinus and Goyazana (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura)". Senckenbergiana biologica, Vol 75(1-2): 131-142.
32. Magalhães C., Türkay M., 2008a. "Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae. IV. The genera Dilocarcinus and Poppiana". Senckenbergiana biologica, Vol 88: 185-215.
33. Magalhães C., Türkay M., 2008b. "Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae. V. The genera Bottiella and Rotundovaldivia (Crustacea, Decapoda, Trichodactylidae)". Senckenbergiana biologica, Vol 88: 217-230.
34. Magalhães C., Türkay M., 2012. "Taxonomy of the Neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae: VI. The genera Avotrichodactylus and Rodriguezia (Decapoda: Brachyura: Trichodactylidae)". Nauplius, Vol 20: 27-40. [Crossref]
35. Marijnissen S. A., 2007. Lake Tanganyika crabs: evolution, ecology, and implications for conservation. (PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam).
36. Marivaux L., Adnet S., Altamirano Sierra A. J., Boivin M., Pujos F., Ramdarshan A., Salas-Gismondi R., Tejada-Lara J. V., Antoine P.-O., 2016. "Neotropics provide insights into the emergence of New World monkeys: new dental evidence from the late Oligocene of Peruvian Amazonia". Journal of Human Evolution, Vol 97: 159-175. [Crossref]
37. Marivaux L., Salas-Gismondi R., Tejada J., Billet G., Louterbach M., Vink J., Bailleul J., Roddaz M., Antoine P.-O., 2012. "A platyrrhine talus from the early Miocene of Peru (Amazonian Madre de Dios Sub-Andean Zone)". Journal of Human Evolution, Vol 63: 696-703. [Crossref]
38. Martin J. W., Trautwein S., 2003. "Fossil crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from Lothagam". In: Leakey M. G., Harris J. (eds.), Lothagam: the dawn of humanity in Eastern Africa: 67-73. (Columbia University Press, New York, NY).
39. Melchor R. N., Genise J. F., Farina J. L., Sánchez M. V., Sarzetti L., Visconti G., 2010. "Large striated burrows from fluvial deposits of the Neogene Vinchina Formation, La Rioja, Argentina: a crab origin suggested by neoichnology and sedimentology". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol 291: 400-418. [Crossref]
40. Milne Edwards H., 1853. "Mémoire sur la famille des Ocypodiens". Annales des sciences naturelles, Vol 20: 163-226.
41. Morris S. M., 1976. "A new fossil freshwater crab from the Ngorora Formation (Miocene) of Kenia". Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Geology, Vol 27: 295-300.
42. Naruse T., Karasawa H., Shokita S., Tanaka T., Moriguchi M., 2003. "A first fossil record of the terrestrial crab Geothelphusa tenuimanus (Miyake & Minei, 1965) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Potamidae) from Okinawa Island, central Ryukyus, Japan". Crustaceana, Vol 76: 1211-1218. [Crossref]
43. Ng P. K. L. & Earl of Cranbrook, 2014. "Fossil brachyuran crabs from the Jambusan Caves (Bau, Sarawak), collected by A.H. Everett in 1878-1879". Scripta geologica, Vol 147: 289-307.
44. Pretzmann G., 1968. "Die Familie Trichodactylidae (Milne Edwards, 1853) Smith, 1870 (Vorläufige Mitteilung)". Entomologisches Nachrichtenblatt, Vol 15(7-8): 70-76.
45. Pretzmann G., 1972. "Some fossil chelae of river crabs and the distribution of Potamon in the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Asia". Thalassia jugoslavica, Vol 8: 71-73.
46. Rabett R., Barker G., Hunt C. O., Naruse T., Piper P., Raddatz E., Reynolds T., Van Son N., Stimpson C., Szabó K., Tâń N. C., Wilson J., 2009. "The Tràng An project: late-to-post-Pleistocene settlement of the lower Song Hong valley, North Vietnam". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol 19: 83-109. [Crossref]
47. Rathbun M. J., 1898. "A contribution to a knowledge of the freshwater crabs of America. — The Pseudothelphusinæ". Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol 21(1158): 507-537. [Crossref]
48. Roddaz M., Hermoza W., Mora A., Baby P., Parra M., Christophoul F., Brusset S., Espurt N., 2010. "Cenozoic sedimentary evolution of the Amazonian foreland basin system". In: Hoorn C. M., Wesselingh F. P. (eds.), Amazonia — landscape and species evolution: a look into the past: 61-88. (Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ).
49. Rodríguez G., 1981. "Decapoda". In: Hurlbert S. H., Rodríguez G., Santos N. D. (eds.), Aquatic biota of tropical South America, part 1: Arthropoda: 41-51. (Academic Press, San Diego, CA).
50. Rodríguez G., 1982. Les crabes d’eau douce d’Amérique: Famille des Pseudothelphusidae. Faune tropicale, 22 . (ORSTOM, Paris).
51. Rodríguez G., 1986. "Centers of radiation of freshwater crabs in the Neotropics". In: Gore R., Heck K. L. (eds.), Crustacean biogeography. Crustacean Issues, Vol 4: 51-67. (A. A. Balkema Press, Rotterdam, Boston).
52. Rodríguez G., 1997. "Trichodactylid crabs". In: Kay R. F., Madden R. H., Cifelly R. L., Flynn J. J. (eds.), Vertebrate paleontology in the Neotropics. The Miocene fauna of La Venta, Colombia: 63-66. (Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC).
53. Rodríguez G., Díaz H., 1977. "Note sur quelques restes de crabes d’eau douce (Pseudothelphusidae) provenant d’un “kjoekken-moedding” du Vénézuéla". Crustaceana, Vol 33: 107-108. [Crossref]
54. Salas-Gismondi R., Flynn J. J., Baby P., Tejada-Lara J. V., Claude J., Antoine P.-O., 2016. "A new 13 million year old gavialoid crocodylian from proto-Amazonian mega-wetlands reveals parallel evolutionary trends in skull shape linked to longirostry". PLoS ONE, Vol 11: e0152453. [Crossref]
55. Salas-Gismondi R., Flynn J. J., Baby P., Tejada-Lara J. V., Wesselingh F. P., Antoine P.-O., 2015. "A Miocene hyperdiverse crocodylian community reveals peculiar trophic dynamics in proto-Amazonian mega-wetlands". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, Vol 282: 20142490. [Crossref]
56. Tejada-Lara J. V., Salas-Gismondi R., Pujos F., Baby P., Benammi M., Brusset S., de Franceschi D., Espurt N., Urbina M., Antoine P.-O., Goswami A., 2015. "Life in proto-Amazonia: middle Miocene mammals from the Fitzcarrald Arch (Peruvian Amazonia)". Palaeontology, Vol 58: 341-378. [Crossref]
57. Tsang L. M., Schubart C. D., Ahyong S. T., Lai J. C. Y., Au E. Y. C., Chan T.-Y., Ng P. K. L., Chu K. H., 2014. "Evolutionary history of true crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) and the origin of freshwater crabs". Molecular Biology and Evolution, Vol 31(5): 1173-1187. [Crossref]
58. Von Sternberg R., Cumberlidge N., 2003. "Autapomorphies of the endophragmal system in trichodactylid freshwater crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Eubrachyura)". Journal of Morphology, Vol 256: 23-28. [Crossref]
59. Wesselingh F. P., Hoorn C. M., Guerrero J., Räsänen M. E., Pittmann L. R., Salo J. A., 2006. "The stratigraphy and regional structure of Miocene deposits in western Amazonia (Peru, Colombia and Brazil), with implications for late Neogene landscape evolution". Scripta Geologica, Vol 133: 291-322.
60. Wesselingh F. P., Ramos M. I., 2010. "Amazonian aquatic invertebrate faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their development over the past 30 million years". In: Hoorn C. M., Wesselingh F. P. (eds.), Amazonia — landscape and species evolution: a look into the past: 302-316. (Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ).
61. Yeo D. C. J., Ng P. K. L., Cumberlidge N., Magalhães C., Daniels S. R., Campos M. R., 2008. "Global diversity of crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) in freshwater". Hydrobiologia, Vol 595: 275-286. [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation