Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Size-mediated, density-dependent cannibalism in the signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) (Decapoda, Astacidea), an invasive crayfish in Britain

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Crustaceana

The role of cannibalism in crayfish populations is not well understood, despite being a potentially key density-dependent process underpinning population dynamics. We studied the incidence of cannibalism in an introduced signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus population in a Scottish lowland river in September 2014. Animals were sampled using six different sampling techniques simultaneously, revealing variable densities and size distributions across the site. Cannibalism prevalence was estimated by analysing the gut contents of crayfish >20 mm CL for the presence of crayfish fragments, which was found to be 20% of dissected individuals. When seeking evidence of relationships between the sizes of cannibals and ‘prey’, the density of conspecifics <56% the size of a dissected individual yielded the best fit. The relationship between cannibalism probability and crayfish size and density was equally well described by three different metrics of crayfish density. Cannibalism increased with crayfish size and density but did not vary according to sex. These results suggest that large P. leniusculus frequently cannibalize smaller (prey) conspecifics, and that the probability of cannibalism is dependent upon the relative size of cannibal-to-prey and the density of the smaller crayfish. We suggest that removing large individuals, as targeted by many traditional removal techniques, may lead to reduced cannibalism and therefore a compensatory increase in juvenile survival.

Affiliations: 1: School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Zoology Building, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen, AB24 2TZ, U.K.

1Corresponding author; e-mail: rupert.houghton@abdn.ac.uk
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685403-00003653
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abrahamsson S. A. A., 1966. "Dynamics of an isolated population of the crayfish Astacus astacus Linné". Oikos, Vol 17: 96-107. [Crossref]
2. Acosta C. A., Perry S. A., 2000. "Effective sampling area: a quantitative method for sampling crayfish populations in freshwater marshes". Crustaceana, Vol 73: 425-431. [Crossref]
3. Alcorlo P., Geiger W., Otero M., 2004. "Feeding preferences and food selection of the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, in habitats differing in food item diversity". Crustaceana, Vol 77: 435-453. [Crossref]
4. Baras E., Jobling M., 2002. "Dynamics of intracohort cannibalism in cultured fish". Aquaculture Res., Vol 33: 461-479. [Crossref]
5. Barton K., 2014. MuMIn: Multi-Model Inference. Published by the author.
6. Bates D., Maechler M., Bolker B., Walker S., Christensen R., Singmann H., Dai B., Grothendieck G., Green P., 2014. lme4: linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 1.1-7. (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna).
7. Bondar C. A., Bottriell K., Zeron K., Richardson J. S., 2005. "Does trophic position of the omnivorous signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in a stream food web vary with life history stage or density?" Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., Vol 62: 2632-2639. [Crossref]
8. Britton J. C., Morton B., 1994. "Marine carrion and scavengers". Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev., Vol 32: 369-434.
9. Capelli G. M., 1980. "Seasonal variation in the food habits of the crayfish Orconectes propinquus (Girard) in Trout Lake, Vilas County, Wisconsin, U.S.A. (Decapoda, Astacidea, Cambaridae)". Crustaceana, Vol 38: 82-86. [Crossref]
10. Dana E. D., López-Santiago J., García-de-Lomas J., García-Ocaña D. M., Gámez V., Ortega F., 2010. "Long-term management of the invasive Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) in a small mountain stream". Aquat. Invasions, Vol 5: 317-322. [Crossref]
11. Distefano A. R. J., Gale C. M., Wagner B. A., Zweifel R. D., 2003. "A sampling method to assess lotic crayfish communities". J. Crustacean Biol., Vol 23: 678-690. [Crossref]
12. Dorn N. J., Urgelles R., Trexler J. C., 2005. "Evaluating active and passive sampling methods to quantify crayfish density in a freshwater wetland". J. North Am. Benthological Soc., Vol 24: 346-356. [Crossref]
13. Farhadi A., Gardner C., Kochanian P., 2014. "Reducing cannibalism of narrow clawed crayfish Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz 1823 through management of photoperiod and stocking density". Asian Fish. Sci., Vol 27: 286-296.
14. Farhadi A., Jensen M. A., 2015. "Effects of photoperiod and stocking density on survival, growth and physiological responses of narrow clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus)". Aquaculture Res., Vol 47: 2518-2527. [Crossref]
15. Fjälling A. B., 2011. "The enclosure trap, a new tool for sampling juvenile crayfish". Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst., Vol 401: 9.
16. Freeman M. A., Turnbull J. F., Yeomans W. E., Bean C. W., 2010. "Prospects for management strategies of invasive crayfish populations with an emphasis on biological control". Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst., Vol 20: 211-223. [Crossref]
17. Gardmark A., Jonzen N., Mangel M., 2006. "Density-dependent body growth reduces the potential of marine reserves to enhance yields". J Appl. Ecol., Vol 43: 61-69. [Crossref]
18. Gladman Z. F., Yeomans W. E., Adams C. E., Bean C. W., McColl D., Olszewska J. P., McGillivray C. W., McCluskey R., 2010. "Detecting North American signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in riffles". Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst., Vol 20: 588-594. [Crossref]
19. Guan R. Z., Wiles P. R., 1998. "Feeding ecology of the signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus in a British lowland river". Aquaculture, Vol 169: 177-193. [Crossref]
20. Guthery F. S., Shaw J. H., 2013. "Density dependence: applications in wildlife management". J. Wildl. Manage., Vol 77: 33-38. [Crossref]
21. Gutierrez-Yurrita P. J., Sancho G., Bravo M. Á., Baltanás Á., Montes C., 1998. "Diet of the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii in natural ecosystems of the Donana National Park temporary fresh-water marsh (Spain)". J. Crustacean Biol., Vol 18: 120-127. [Crossref]
22. Hixon M. A., Carr M. H., 1997. "Synergistic predation, density dependence, and population regulation in marine fish". Science, Vol 277: 946-949. [Crossref]
23. Johnsen S. I., Skurdal J., Taugbol T., Garnas E., 2014. "Effect of mesh size on baited trap catch composition for noble crayfish (Astacus astacus)". Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst., Vol 413: 6.
24. Jones J. P. G., Coulson T., 2006. "Population regulation and demography in a harvested freshwater crayfish from Madagascar". Oikos, Vol 112: 602-611. [Crossref]
25. Lee S. Y., 1995. "Cheliped size and structure: the evolution of a multi-functional decapod organ". J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., Vol 193: 161-176. [Crossref]
26. Lovrich G. A., Sainte-Marie B., 1997. "Cannibalism in the snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio (O. Fabricius) (Brachyura: Majidae), and its potential importance to recruitment". J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., Vol 211: 225-245. [Crossref]
27. Moksnes P. O., 2004. "Self-regulating mechanisms in cannibalistic populations of juvenile shore crabs Carcinus maenas". Ecology, Vol 85: 1343-1354. [Crossref]
28. Nyström P., 2002. "Ecology". In: Holdich D. M. (ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish: 192-235. (MPG Books, Bodmin).
29. Parkyn S. M., DiStefano R. J., Imhoff E. M., 2011. "Comparison of constructed microhabitat and baited traps in Table Rock reservoir, Missouri, U.S.A". Freshw. Crayfish, Vol 18: 69-74. [Crossref]
30. Persson L., Claessen D., De Roos A. M., Byström P., Sjögren S., Svanbäck R., Wahlström E., Westman E., 2004. "Cannibalism in a size-structured population: energy extraction and control". Ecol. Monogr., Vol 74: 135-157. [Crossref]
31. Policar T., Kozák P., 2005. "Comparison of trap and baited stick catch efficiency for noble crayfish (Astacus astacus L.) in the course of the growing season". Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic., Vol 376-377: 675-686. [Crossref]
32. Polis G. A., 1981. "The evolution and dynamics of intraspecific predation". Annual. Rev. Ecol. Syst., Vol 12: 225-251. [Crossref]
33. Post J. R., Parkinson E. A., Johnston N. T., 1999. "Density-dependent processes in structured fish populations: interaction strengths in whole-lake experiments". Ecol. Monogr., Vol 69: 155-175. [Crossref]
34. Price J. E., Welch S. M., 2009. "Semi-quantitative methods for crayfish sampling: sex, size, and habitat bias". J. Crustacean Biol., Vol 29: 208-216. [Crossref]
35. R Core Team, 2013. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna).
36. Rabeni C. F., Collier K. J., Parkyn S. M., Hicks B. J., 1997. "Evaluating techniques for sampling stream crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons)". N. Z. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., Vol 31: 693-700. [Crossref]
37. Rahel F. J., Stein R. A., 1988. "Complex predator-prey interactions and predator intimidation among crayfish, piscivorous fish, and small benthic fish". Oecologia, Vol 75: 94-98. [Crossref]
38. Reynolds J. D., 2011. "A review of ecological interactions between crayfish and fish, indigenous and introduced". Knowl. Manag. Aquat. Ecosyst., Vol 401: 10.
39. Reynolds J. D., O’Keeffe C., 2005. "Dietary patterns in stream- and lake-dwelling populations of Austropotamobius pallipes". Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic., Vol 376-377: 715-730. [Crossref]
40. Sadykova D., Skurdal J., Sadykov A., Taugbol T., Hessen D. O., 2009. "Modelling crayfish population dynamics using catch data: a size-structured model". Ecol. Model, Vol 220: 2727-2733. [Crossref]
41. Savolainen R., Ruohonen K., Railo E., 2004. "Effect of stocking density on growth, survival and cheliped injuries of stage 2 juvenile signal crayfish Pasifastacus leniusculus Dana". Aquaculture, Vol 231: 237-248. [Crossref]
42. Savolainen R., Ruohonen K., Tulonen J., 2003. "Effects of bottom substrate and presence of shelter in experimental tanks on growth and survival of signal crayfish Pasifastacus leniusculus (Dana) juveniles". Aquaculture Res., Vol 34: 289-297. [Crossref]
43. Scalici M., Gibertini G., 2009. "Molt and gastroliths in Austropotamobius pallipes (Lereboullet, 1858)". Knowl. Managt. Aquat. Ecosyst., Vol 394-395: 14.
44. Sinclair C. A., 2010. Fine scale mapping of signal crayfish distribution in Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report, Project 26686. (Scottish Natural Heritage, Inverness).
45. Somers K. M., Stechey D. P. M., 1986. "Variable trappability of crayfish associated with bait type, water temperature and lunar phase". Am. Midl. Nat., Vol 116: 36-44. [Crossref]
46. Twardochleb L. A., Olden J. D., Larson E. R., 2013. "A global meta-analysis of the ecological impacts of nonnative crayfish". Freshw. Sci., Vol 32: 1367-1382. [Crossref]
47. Ulikowski D., Krzywosz T., Śmietana P., 2006. "A comparison of survival and growth in juvenile Astacus leptodactylus (Esch.) and Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana) under controlled conditions". Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic., Vol 380-381: 1245-1253. [Crossref]
48. Vollestad L. A., Jonsson B., 1988. "A 13-year study of the population dynamics and growth of the European eel Anguilla anguilla in a Norwegian river: evidence for density-dependent mortality, and development of a model for predicting yield". J. Anim. Ecol., Vol 57: 983-997. [Crossref]
49. Wagenmakers E. J., Farrell S., 2004. "AIC model selection using Akaike weights". Psychon. Bull. Rev., Vol 11: 192-196. [Crossref]
50. Wooster D., Synder J. L., Madsen A., 2012. "Environmental correlates of signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852), density and size at two spatial scales in its native range". J. Crustacean Biol., Vol 32: 741-752. [Crossref]
51. Wutz S., Geist J., 2013. "Sex- and size-specific migration patterns and habitat preference of invasive signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus Dana)". Limnologica, Vol 43: 59-66. [Crossref]
52. Zipkin E. F., Craft C. E., Cooch E. G., Sullivan P. J., 2009. "When can efforts to control nuisance and invasive species backfire?" Ecol. Appl., Vol 19: 1585-1595. [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685403-00003653
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685403-00003653
2017-03-22
2018-01-17

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Crustaceana — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation