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Two new records of species of Leptochela Stimpson, 1860 (Decapoda, Caridea, Pasiphaeidae) from China

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Two pasiphaeid shrimps, Leptochela (Leptochela) irrobusta Chace, 1976 and Leptochela (Leptochela) chacei Hayashi, 1995, were collected in samples from the South China Sea, marking the first time these species have been found in Chinese waters and thus as Chinese fauna. These two pasiphaeid species belong to the genus Leptochela Stimpson, 1860. L. (L.) chacei was previously known to be distributed in tropical regions: Viet-Nam, New Caledonia and Madagascar. This paper represents its first record from a temperate zone, which is unusual for its habitation. These two species are redescribed in detail and their current zoogeographical distributions are discussed. In addition to these two species, five species of Leptochela have previously been recorded from China. We used these species to provide a key to the Leptochela species from China.

Affiliations: 1: 1Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, P.R. China ; 2: 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P.R. China ; 3: 3Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, 1 Wenhai Road, Qingdao 266071, P.R. China

4Corresponding author; e-mail:

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1. Chace F. A. Jr., 1940. "Plankton of the Bermuda oceanographic expeditions: IX: the bathypelagic caridean Crustacea". New York Zoological Society, Vol 25(2): 117-209.
2. Chace F. A. Jr., 1976. "Shrimps of the pasiphaeid genus Leptochela with descriptions of three new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea)". Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, Vol 222: 1-51. [Crossref]
3. De Grave S., Fransen C. H. J. M., 2011. "Carideorum catalogus: the recent species of the dendrobranchiate, stenopodidean, procarididean and caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda)". Zoologische Mededelingen, Vol 85(9): 195-589.
4. Hanamura Y., 1987. "Caridean shrimps obtained by R.V. “Soela” from north-west Australia, with description of a new species of Leptochela (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pasiphaeidae)". The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, Vol 4: 15-33.
5. Hayashi K. I., 1995. "Brief revision of the genus Leptochela with description of two new species (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pasiphaeidae)". In: Richer de Forges B. (ed.), Les fonds meubles des lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Sédimentologie, benthos). Etudes & Thèses, 2 : 83-99.
6. Hayashi K. I., Miyake S., 1971. "A new species of the genus Pasiphaea from the East China Sea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Pasiphaeidae)". Proceedings of the Japanese Society of Systematic Zoology, Vol 7: 39-44.
7. Liu J. Y., 2008. Checklist of marine biota of China Sea. (Science Press, Beijing, China). (in Chinese).
8. Nomura K., Nagai S., Asakura A., Komai T., 1996. "A preliminary list of shallow water decapod Crustacea in the Kerama Group, the Ryukyu Archipelago". Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan, Vol 51: 7-21.
9. Stimpson W., 1860. "Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in Expeditione ad Oceanum Pacificum Septentrionalem, a Republica Federata missa, Cadwaladaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers Ducibus, observavit et descripsit. Pars VIII, Crustacea Macrura". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Vol [1860], 12: 22-47.
10. Wang Y., Gan Z., Li X., in press. A new species of the genus Leptochela (Decapoda, Caridea, Pasiphaeidae) from the Yellow Sea. Crustaceana, [in press].

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