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First record of the non-indigenous isopods Paracerceis sculpta (Holmes, 1904) and Sphaeroma walkeri Stebbing, 1905 (Isopoda, Sphaeromatidae) for Madeira Island

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While exploring the presence of non-indigenous fouling species colonizing settlement plates deployed in local marinas in Madeira Island (north-eastern Atlantic Ocean), two non-indigenous species (NIS) of free-swimming crustaceans, Paracerceis sculpta (Holmes, 1904) and Sphaeroma walkeri Stebbing, 1905 (Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae), were detected. Paracerceis sculpta is native to the Pacific Coast of North and Central America and has been introduced into many other regions worldwide. Sphaeroma walkeri is native to the northern Indian Ocean and nowadays is considered one of the most widely ship-transported species globally. Both species were collected in the marina of Funchal, Madeira Island, Portugal, during monitoring surveys in 2015. Moreover, several specimens of S. walkeri were also found in a foreign recreational yacht hull, during a dry dock inspection. These findings suggest that hull fouling is a significant vector for the introductions of marine invertebrates into the Madeira island system.

Affiliations: 1: 1OOM — Oceanic Observatory of Madeira, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação, Edifício Madeira Tecnopolo, Piso 0, Caminho da Penteada, PT-9020-105 Funchal, Madeira, Portugal ; 2: 2MARE — Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Quinta do Lorde Marina, Sítio da Piedade, PT-9200-044, Caniçal, Madeira, Portugal ; 3: 367 Rúa Pardaiña, E-36208 Vigo, Spain ; 4: 4Centre of IMAR of the University of the Azores, Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, Rua Prof. Dr. Frederico Machado, 4, PT-9901-862 Horta, Azores, Portugal ; 5: 5Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Road, Edgewater, MD 21037, U.S.A.

6Corresponding author; e-mail:

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