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Die Abdominale Muskulatur Von Orchestia Cavimana Heller, 1865 (Amphipoda, Talitridae)

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image of Crustaceana

The abdominal musculature of Orchestia cavimana is described. It mainly consists of two groups of muscles, a strong, complex, dorsal muscle cord and a group of weaker, ventral, longitudinal and oblique muscles. The predominance of the dorsal musculature demonstrates the importance of the extension of the abdomen as powerstroke in the swimming and jumping movement. This is contrary to other Malacostraca which use the tail flick (abdominal flexion) as escape mechanism. The muscles of the pleopods and uropods can clearly be related to functional requirements. Comparing the above findings with those of Cussans (1903) regarding the abdominal musculature of Gammarus pulex, the close relationship between Talitridae and Gammaridae shows up.

Affiliations: 1: Abteilung Physiologie und Ökologie, Universität Münster, Zool. Institut, Badestr. 9, D-4400 Münster, Bundesrepublik Deutschland


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