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Lobster Reproduction: a Review

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The purpose of this review is to summarize and update the reader on the topic of lobster reproduction. Recent work on the American clawed lobscr, Homarus americanus, has found that males are capable of multiple inseminations. Intermolt females may augment stored sperm with intermolt inseminations. Intermolt insemination may account for added fecundity in a normal population. Both photoperiod and temperature interact to regulate female yolk biosynthesis. Extraovarian yolk synthesis in clawed lobsters has been demonstrated by the measurement of yolk proteins in the hemolymph. The complete chemical characterization of both molt inhibiting hormone and vitellogenesis inhibiting hormone has been accomplished. Multiple field studies of tropical spiny lobsters were accomplished in the last five years. The occurrence of multiple broods (2-5) per season per lobster have been documented in several cases. The effects of photoperiod and temperature variations on reproductive behavior of spiny lobsters was reported. Yolk biosynthesis in both hepatopancreas and ovary of tropical spiny lobsters was demonstrated.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199, U.S.A.


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