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Experimental Culture of the American Lobster (Homarus Americanus) Utilizing Warm Waste Water From a Power Station in Japan

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[The American lobster was cultured experimentally at Hayama, in seawater controlled between 16° and 20°C to investigate the advantages of utilizing warm waste water from a power station. The survival rate was improved by using an open (flow-through) rearing system where the lobsters were reared under dark conditions and seawater was disinfected by ultraviolet light. Bacterial number was reduced from 3.4-37.5 x 103 to 0.7-4.3 × 103 CFU/ml by ultraviolet treatment. The rearing results were compared with those obtained at Sanriku, using ambient seawater between 10° and 20°C. Growth rate was faster at Hayama than at Sanriku. With these rearing conditions at Hayama, the lobsters might be raised to marketable size within 3 years., The American lobster was cultured experimentally at Hayama, in seawater controlled between 16° and 20°C to investigate the advantages of utilizing warm waste water from a power station. The survival rate was improved by using an open (flow-through) rearing system where the lobsters were reared under dark conditions and seawater was disinfected by ultraviolet light. Bacterial number was reduced from 3.4-37.5 x 103 to 0.7-4.3 × 103 CFU/ml by ultraviolet treatment. The rearing results were compared with those obtained at Sanriku, using ambient seawater between 10° and 20°C. Growth rate was faster at Hayama than at Sanriku. With these rearing conditions at Hayama, the lobsters might be raised to marketable size within 3 years.]

Affiliations: 1: Kajima Corporation Marine Science Lab., Hayama 240-01, Japan; 2: Tokyo Electric Power Company, Tokyo 182, Japan; 3: Kitasato University, Sanriku, Iwate 022-01 Japan

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