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Locomotor Activity Patterns and Feeding Habits in the Prawn Palaemon Serratus (Pennant, 1777) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in the Alfacs Bay, Ebro Delta, Spain

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Diel activity rhythms of the prawn Palaemon serratus from Alfacs Bay, Ebro Delta, Spain, were studied under laboratory conditions by time-lapse video recording. The activity pattern showed endogenous rhythmicity of a circadian period with maximum activity at night. The feeding habits of P. serratus were studied using the frequency-of-occurrence method and the points method. The food of this species mainly consists of molluscs and crustaceans, and the remains of gastropods, amphipods, isopods, bivalves, mysids, copepods, and decapods were identified. The remaining items consisted of cnidarians, polychaetes, ophiuroids, plant material, sand, and unidentified organic debris. Results indicate that P. serratus is a predator of benthic invertebrates rather than a scavenger or detritus feeder. Diet composition changes with the size of the prawn.

Affiliations: 1: Departament de Biologia Animal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 645, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain


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