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image of Crustaceana

A stock of rock shrimp Sicyonia penicillata was assessed in a fishery recently opened at Bahoa Kino, Sonora, Mexico. An age-structured model with stochastic recruitment was developed, which considers growth rate, natural mortality, and fishing mortality by age. Age groups were followed year by year with a stock-recruitment Ricker function where the seasonal recruitment pattern was defined as well. Simulations might be interpreted as showing a stable population with four year cycles, reflecting a density-dependent process. In 1996, fishing intensity had an apparent compensatory effect on the stock, decreasing the amplitude of natural oscillations and maintaining the stock at a biomass level similar to the size observed in a condition of no exploitation. The stock was found currently underexploited. As a result of the seasonal accessibility and the age of first-catch fishing (adult shrimp), the stock might be capable to withstand high fishing pressure without being overexploited.

Se evaluo una poblacion de camaron de roca Sicyonia penicillata, de una pesqueroa recientemente abierta en Bahoa Kino, Sonora, Mexico. Se desarrollo un modelo basado en la estructura por edades que considera reclutamiento estocastico, tasa de crecimiento, mortalidad natural y mortalidad por pesca por grupo de edad. Estos grupos de edad fueron determinados ano tras ano mediante la funcion de reclutamiento de Ricker, en los que tambien se definio el patron estacional de reclutamiento. Las simulaciones muestran una poblacion estable con ciclos de cuatro anos, que indican un proceso de densodependencia. En 1996, la intensidad de pesca tuvo un efecto compensatorio sobre la poblacion, reduciendo la amplitud de las oscilaciones naturales y manteniendo al stock en un nivel de biomasa similar al observado en la condicion sin explotacion. Se encontro que el recurso esta subexplotado. Como resultado de la accesibilidad estacional y de que la edad de primera captura corresponde a camaron adulto, el recurso soporta alta presion de pesca sin dar evidencias de sobreexplotacion.


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