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Hypo-osmotic regulation in entomopathogenic nematodes: Steinernema spp. and Heterorhabditis spp.

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For more content, see Nematologica.

Entomopathogenic nematodes were incubated in a balanced salt solution based on soil water analysis, supplemented with different concentrations of sodium chloride. Two nematode isolates from Malaysia, Steinernema sp. SSL85 (isolate 25) and Heterorhabditis indicus (isolate 11), showed an initial loss of water during the first 6 h of incubation in hyper-osmotic media (200 and 1000 mOsmKg-1) followed by a complete recovery of their water content during the next 18-48 h. A third Malaysian isolate, Steinernema sp. (M1), showed a more limited ability to regulate its water content. Studies on a wild type H. megidis (UK 211) and one desiccation tolerant mutant indicate that the ability for hypo-osmotic regulation does not necessarily involve permeability differences in the cuticle.

Régulation hypo-osmotique chez les nématodes entomopathogènes: Steinernema spp. et Heterorhabditis spp. - Des nématodes entomopathogènes ont été mis en incubation dans une solution saline, équilibrée en fonction d'une analyse de l'eau contenue dans le sol, et additionnée de chlorure de sodium en concentration variable. Deux isolats de nématodes provenant de Malaisie, Steinernema sp. SSL 85 (isolat 25) et Heterorhabditis indicus (isolat 11), ont montré une perte initiale d'eau au cours des 6 premières heures d'incubation dans un milieu hyperosmotique (200 et 1000 mOsmKg-1), perte suivie par un rétablissement complet du contenu hydrique au cours des 18 à 48 h suivantes. Un troisième isolat malaisien, Steinernema sp. (M1) a montré une capacité plus limitée à réguler son contenu hydrique. Des études ayant concerné un type sauvage d' H. megidis (UK 211) et un mutant tolérant vis-à-vis de la dessication ont montré que la capacité d'une régulation hypo-osmotique n'infère pas une différence dans la perméabilité de la cuticule.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY, UK; 2: Entomology and Nematology Department, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK


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