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Développement des populations de Meloidogyne javanica et de Scutellonema cavenessi dans les systèmes de culture maraîchère au Sénégal

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L'évolution des populations de Meloidogyne javanica et de Scutellonema cavenessi a été suivie au cours de cinq cycles culturaux alternant des plantes sensibles (tomate, niébé ou plantes adventices) ou non sensibles (arachide et mil) à Meloidogyne spp. Alors que les cultures non sensibles ne permettent effectivement pas la multiplication de M. javanica, toutes les cultures sont sensibles à S. cavenessi. L'opportunité de méthodes de lutte culturale à l'aide de plantes résistantes à Meloidogyne spp. dans des systèmes de cultures susceptibles de modifier la composition des peuplements nématologiques est discutée.

Development of Meloidogyne javanica and Scutellonema cavenessi populations in vegetable crop systems in Senegal - Populations of Meloidogyne javanica and Scutellonema cavenessi were analysed during five cycles alternating crops susceptible (tomato, cowpea or weeds) or not susceptible (groundnut and millet) to Meloidogyne spp. Even though the non-susceptible crops did not effectively allow the multiplication of M. javanica, all the crops were susceptible to S. cavenessi. The potential of cultural control methods with plants resistant to Meloidogyne spp. in agrosystems including crops which can modify the nematode communities is discussed.

Affiliations: 1: UCAD, Département de Biologie Animale, FST,B.P.5005, Dakar,Sénégal; 2: ENSA, Département des Productions Végétales, B.P.A296, Thiès, Sénégal; 3: UR IRD51, Laboratoire de Nématologie, B.P.1386, Dakar,Sénégal


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