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Electrophysiological activity during recovery from anhydrobiosis in fourth stage juveniles of Ditylenchus dipsaci

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image of Nematology
For more content, see Nematologica.

Upon immersion in water, anhydrobiotic nematodes display a period of apparent inactivity, the lag phase, before they commence spontaneous movement. Following a period of desiccation of the fourth stage juveniles of the plant-parasitic nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci, electrical activity during rehydration was recorded using glass microelectrodes inserted into individual nematodes. The pattern observed was a period of no electrical activity, followed by low amplitude electrical events and then also high amplitude events. Movement of the nematode was associated with the high amplitude events, whose recordings formed trains of spikes that coincided with the activity of the nematode. The lag phase represents a period during which the physiological functions of the nerves and muscles are restored. This may involve the restoration of ionic gradients between the inside and the outside of the cells, which is reflected in an increase in spike amplitude in those nematodes where a sustained period of high amplitude activity was recorded.

Activité électrophysiologique durant la sortie d'anhydrobiose chez le quatrième stade juvénile de Ditylenchus dipsaci - Immergés dans l'eau, les nématodes anhydrobiotiques passent par une période d'inactivité apparente - la phase de latence - avant que des mouvements spontanés ne débutent. Pendant la réhydratation qui suivait une période de dessication l'activité électrique de juvéniles de quatrième stade de Ditylenchus dipsaci a été enregistrée grâce à des microélectrodes de verre implantées dans le nématode. La courbe observée correspondait à une période sans activité électrique, suivie par des phénomènes électriques de faible amplitude, combinés ensuite à des phénomènes de forte amplitude. Les mouvements des nématodes étaient associés aux phénomènes de forte amplitude dont le tracé consiste en une suite de pics coïncidant avec l'activité du nématode. La phase de latence correspond à la période pendant laquelle les fonctions physiologiques nerveuses et musculaires sont restaurées. Cela peut englober la restauration des gradients ioniques à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur des cellules, phénomène reflété par une augmentation des pics chez ceux des nématodes où une période soutenue d'activité de forte amplitude a été notée.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand; 2: Entomology and Nematology Department, IACR-Rothamsted, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ


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