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Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) from Vietnam and morphometric data for H. indica populations

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A survey of entomopathogenic nematodes in Vietnam yielded several Heterorhabditis isolates. The majority belonged to H. indica; their morphometrics are given in this paper. Three isolates collected in forests in Backan, Ninhbinh and Kontum provinces, Vietnam are here described as a new species Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. The new species is distinguished from the other ten valid Heterorhabditis species by a combination of morphological, morphometrical, and DNA characters. Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. is morphometrically similar to H. indica, but can be separated from this species by the shape of the gubernaculum and the number of normal pairs of genital papillae. The gubernaculum of H. baujardi sp. n. with the proximal end ventrally curved resembles that of H. bacteriophora. Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. can be separated from this latter species by a shorter body length of infective juveniles and longer spicules, longer gubernaculum, and a higher spicule length to anal body diameter ratio of males. The canonical discriminant analysis of morphometrical characters of both infective juveniles and males failed to discriminate Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. from H. indica. However, the new species was easily distinguished from H. downesi, H. marelatus, H. megidis and H. bacteriophora. Heterorhabditis baujardi sp. n. was slightly separated from H. bacteriophora by variables of the infective juveniles, but was clearly distinguished by variables of the males. Cross-breeding tests using isolates of the new species and H.indica did not yield fertile progeny. Analysis of the ITS1 sequence of rDNA of H. baujardi sp. n. revealed substantial differences with other known ITS1 Heterorhabditis sequences. Phylogenetic relationships between Heterorhabditis species and the usefulness of morphological and molecular characters for identification of species from this group are discussed.


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