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Panagrolobus vanmegenae, a new genus and species from The Netherlands and Ukraine, with taxonomic revision and two new species of the genus Teratolobus Andrássy, 1968 (Nematoda: Cephalobidae)

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Five species of the subfamily Acrolobinae, viz. Panagrolobus vanmegenae gen. n., sp. n., Teratolobus regulus Andrássy, 1968, T. obscurus sp. n., T. hamatus (Andrássy, 1986) comb. n. and T. similis sp. n., are described and illustrated from material collected in The Netherlands, Ukraine, Costa Rica, Mexico, Australia and South Africa. The new genus is characterised by a crown-shaped labial region with six well-developed, leaf-like lips having a biradial symmetry; lips separated by narrow and internally sclerotised U-shaped clefts; lateral lips half as wide as the subdorsal and subventral ones; a broad anisomorphic stoma; strongly sclerotised, hookshaped, cheilorhabdia; a strongly developed dorsal prostegorhabdion extending inside the stegostom cavity; a conoid tail with a rounded terminus bearing a dorsally curved, hook-like, mucro; and phasmids located at 70-90% of tail length. Teratolobus obscurus sp. n. is distinguished from the closely related T. regulus by the following characters: a smaller spermatheca (7.0-14.5 vs 26-61 μm); a shorter PUB (12-19 vs 18-42 μm); a shorter female tail (42-50 vs 55-72 μm); and differently shaped mucro on the tail terminus (harpoon-like vs hook-like). Teratolobus similis sp. n. is distinguished from the closely related T. baloghi (Andrássy, 1986) comb. n. by the following characters: a smaller body (350-420 vs 470-480 μm); a shorter PUB (9-12 vs 35-38 μm; 0.5-0.8 vs ca. 2 VBD long); shorter female tail (41-53 vs 62-65 μm; c′ = 3.4-5.4 vs 6.5-7.0); and differently shaped mucro on the tail terminus (arrowhead-like vs finely forked). Based on current research, a revision is proposed of the taxonomy of the genus Teratolobus and the subfamily Acrolobinae. The following new combinations are proposed: Teratolobus baloghi; T. hamatus; and T. occultus (De Ley & Coomans, 1990) comb. n. Panagroteratus is proposed as a synonym of Teratolobus.


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