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Evidence for pathotype mixtures on Solanum bulbocastanum in Meloidogyne chitwoodi but not in M. fallax

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For more content, see Nematologica.

Variability for pathogenicity on seven Solanum bulbocastanum clones was studied in a collection of isolates of Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax from a wide range of geographical origins. Four different pathotypes could be distinguished within M. chitwoodi, while no specialisation was found in M. fallax. Meloidogyne chitwoodi isolates from the USA showed the largest variation; those from Europe belonged to one pathotype. In several M. chitwoodi isolates, the occurrence of pathotype mixtures was verified and for the first time reported in automictic Meloidogyne spp. The infrequently formed egg masses in incompatible isolate-plant genotype combinations were not able to reproduce further on various S. bulbocastanum genotypes, suggesting some stability aspects of the resistance. The occurrence of pathotypes and mixtures of pathotypes requires special attention in breeding programmes as well as in disease management.

Affiliations: 1: Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Plant Protection Service, P.O. Box 9102, 6700 HC Wageningen, The Netherlands;, Email:; 2: Plant Research International BV, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands


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