Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Utilisation of entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis spp. and Steinernema spp., for the control of Agrotis ipsilon (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) in China

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Nematology
For more content, see Nematologica.

Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) have good application prospects for the control of the black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon. In the present study, the effects of isolate, exposure rate, temperature and larval stage on EPN infectivity to A. ipsilon were evaluated. Results of in vitro tests showed that Steinernema carpocapsae Mex and Heterorhabditis indica LN2 were the most virulent and promising species, causing 80.0 and 83.3% mortality, respectively, to the third instar larvae at 25°C and 72 h after infection. Mortality of A. ipsilon caused by the nematodes was significantly affected by EPN exposure rate, temperature and the larval stage. Both S. carpocapsae and H. indica caused greater mortality to the third instar of A. ipsilon at 25°C than at 15, 20 and 30°C. Both EPN isolates also caused higher mortality to the second instar than to the third and fourth instar larvae of A. ipsilon. The field trials of EPN for the control of A. ipsilon also showed that S. carpocapsae Mex and H. indica LN2 reduced the damage caused by A. ipsilon and increased the cabbage yield when compared with the control. Both EPN isolates showed better control effects than cyfluthrin and Bacillus thuringiensis, indicating that these two EPN isolates could be used for sustainable control of A. ipsilon in vegetable fields in China.

Affiliations: 1: Guangdong Entomological Institute, 105 Xingang Road West, Guangzhou 510260, P.R. China


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abbott W.S. ( 1925). "A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 18, 265- 267. [Crossref]
2. Bauer M.E. , Kaya H.K. , Tabashnik B. ( 1997). "Efficacy of a dehydrated steinernematid nematode against black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 9, 1200- 1206. [Crossref]
3. Bedding R.A. ( 1981). "Low cost in vitromass production of Neoaplectanaand Heterorhabditisspecies (Nematoda) for field control of insect pests". Nematologica Vol 27, 109- 114. [Crossref]
4. Bixby A.J. , Potter D.A. ( 2010). "Influence of endophyte ( Neotyphodium lolii) infection of perennial ryegrass on susceptibility of the black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to a baculovirus". Biological Control Vol 54, 141- 146. [Crossref]
5. Bixby-Brosi A.J. , Potter D.A. ( 2010). "Evaluating a naturally occurring baculovirus for extended biological control of the black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in golf course habitats". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 103, 1555- 1563. [Crossref]
6. Boughton A.J. , Lewis L.C. , Bonning B.C. ( 2001). "Potential of Agrotis ipsilonnucleopolyhedro virus for suppression of the black cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and effect of an optical brightener on virus efficacy". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 94, 1045- 1052. [Crossref]
7. Capinera J.L. , Pelissier D. , Menout G.S. , Epsky N.D. ( 1988). "Control of black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon(Lepidoptera, Noctuidae), with entomogenous nematodes (Nematoda, Steinernematidae, Heterorhabditidae)". Journal of Invertebrate Pathology Vol 52, 427- 435. [Crossref]
8. Chen G. , Wang Y. , Li G. , Tan C. , Chen B. , Jin Y. , Li W. ( 1989). "Small plot trials using Hexamermissp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) to control Agrotis ipsilon(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)". Chinese Journal of Biological Control Vol 5, 125- 126.
9. Ebssa L. , Koppenhöfer A.M. ( 2011). "Efficacy and persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes for black cutworm control in turfgrass". Biocontrol Science and Technology Vol 21, 779- 796. [Crossref]
10. Ebssa L. , Koppenhöfer A.M. ( 2012). "Entomopathogenic nematodes for the management of Agrotis ipsilon: effect of instar, nematode species and nematode production method". Pest Management Science Vol 68, 947- 957. [Crossref]
11. Epsky N.D. , Capinera J.L. ( 1994). "Invasion efficiency as a measure of efficacy of the entomogenous nematode Steinernema carpocapsae(Rhabditida, Steinernematidae)". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 87, 366- 370. [Crossref]
12. Estruch J.J. , Warren G.W. , Mullins M.A. , Nye G.J. , Craig J.A. , Koziel M.G. ( 1996). "Vip3A, a novel Bacillus thuringiensisvegetative insecticidal protein with a wide spectrum of activities against lepidopteran insects". Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol 93, 5389- 5394. [Crossref]
13. Farrar R.R. Jr , Kennedy G. ( 1997). "Field cage performance of two tachinid parasitoids of the tomato fruit worm on insect resistant and susceptible tomato lines". Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata Vol 67, 73- 78. [Crossref]
14. Gao Y. , Lei C. , Huang Q. ( 2011). "The advancement of underground pest control in China". Hubei Plant Protection Vol 6, 1- 5.
15. Grewal P.S. , Ehlers R.U. , Shapiro D.I. ( 2005). Nematodes as biocontrol agents. Wallingford, UK, CAB International. [Crossref]
16. Guo X. , Deng Z. , Mao H. ( 2009). "Ecology and control of Agrotis ipsilon ". Jilin Forestry Science and Technology Vol 38, 54.
17. Han R. ( 1995). Optimum management of mass production system of entomopathogenicSteinernema andHeterorhabditis nematodes. Ph.D. Thesis, South China Agricultural University Press, Guangzhou, P.R. China.
18. Kaya H.K. , Stock S.P. ( 1997). "Techniques in insect nematology". In: Lacey L.A. (Ed.). Manual of techniques in insect pathology. London, UK, Academic Press.
19. Kunkel B.A. , Grewal P.S. ( 2003). "Endophyte infection in perennial ryegrass reduces the susceptibility of black cutworm to an entomopathogenic nematode". Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata Vol 107, 95- 104. [Crossref]
20. Levine E. , Oloumi-Sadeghi H. ( 1992). "Field evaluation of Steinernema carpocapsae(Rhabditida, Steinernematidae) against black cutworm (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) larvae in field corn". Journal of Entomological Science Vol 27, 427- 435.
21. Reese J.C. , Field M.D. ( 1986). "Defense against insect attack in susceptible plants-black cutworm (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) growth on corn seedlings and artificial diet". Annals of the Entomological Society of America Vol 79, 372- 376. [Crossref]
22. Reese J.C. , English L.M. , Yonke T.R. , Fairchild M.L. ( 1972). "A method for rearing black cutworms". Journal of Economic Entomology Vol 65, 11047- 11050. [Crossref]
23. Rings R.W. , Arnold F.J. , Johnson B.A. ( 1975). "Host range of the black cutworm on vegetables: a bibliography". Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America Vol 21, 229- 234. [Crossref]
24. Shamseldean M.M.M. , Ismail A.A. ( 1997). "Effect of the nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophoraand the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensisas integrated biocontrol agents of the black cutworm". Journal of Pest Science Vol 70, 77- 79.
25. Shapiro D.I. , Lewis L.C. , Obrycki J.J. , Abbas M. ( 1999). "Effects of fertilizers on suppression of black cutworm ( Agrotis ipsilon) damage with Steinernema carpocapsae ". The Journal of Nematology Vol 31, 690- 693.
26. Sherrod D.W. , Shaw J.T. , Luckmann W.H. ( 1979). "Concepts on black cutworm field biology in Illinois". Environmental Entomology Vol 8, 191- 195. [Crossref]
27. Toledo J. , William T. , Pérez C. , Liedo P. , Valle J.F. , Ibarra J.E. ( 2009). "Abiotic factors affecting the infectivity of Steinernema carpocapsae(Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) on larvae of Anastrepha obliqua(Diptera: Tephritidae)". Biocontrol Science and Technology Vol 19, 887- 898. [Crossref]
28. Vanhaeche M. , Degheele D. ( 1980). "Electrophoretic characterization of the haemolymph proteins, glycol- and lipo-proteins of Galleria mellonella, Plodia interpunctellaand Ephestia kuehniella ". Mededelingen Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Gent Vol 45, 1287- 1297.
29. Wang F. , Zhang S. ( 1984). "The releasing effect of Trichogramma dendrolimiin large area of vegetable fields to suppress the damage of Agrotis ypsilonin neighbouring cotton fields". Natural Enemies of Insects Vol 4, 207- 210.
30. Xu C. , De Clercq P. , Moens M. , Chen S. , Han R. ( 2010). "Efficacy of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) against the striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata ". BioControl Vol 55, 789- 797. [Crossref]
31. Yan X. , Han R. , Moens M. , Chen S. , De Clercq P. ( 2013). "Field evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of striped flea beetle, Phyllotreta striolata(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)". BioControl Vol 58, 247- 256. [Crossref]
32. Yang J. , Chen Q. , Chen J. , Zhang Y. , Lin G. ( 2000a). "Toxicity of insecticides for the black cutworm Agrotis ipsilon(Rottemberg)". Entomological Journal of East China Vol 9, 53- 56.
33. Yang J. , Li F. , Chen J. , Chen Q. , Zhang Y. , He R. ( 2000b). "Infectivity of entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema carpocapsaeagainst black cutworm". Journal of Fujian Agricultural University Vol 29, 201- 205.
34. Yu J. ( 2010). "Ecology and control method of Agrotis ipsilonin corn field in Anhui Province". Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Vol 20, 185- 186.
35. Zaki F.N. ( 1996). "Field application of Steinernema feltiaein the form of baits against the greasy cutworm Agrotis ipsilonin an okra field in Egypt". Journal of Pest Science Vol 69, 79- 80.
36. Zhao Y. , Bian J. , Cai L. , Gao J. ( 2007). "Ecology and control method of Agrotis ipsilonin cabbage fields". China Vegetables Vol 9, 52.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Nematology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation