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Bursaphelenchus niphades n. sp. (Tylenchina: Aphelenchoididae) amensally associated with Niphades variegatus (Roelofs) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

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A Bursaphelenchus species was isolated from a Japanese native wood-boring weevil, Niphades variegatus, and dead Pinaceae trees. The nematode is associated with the weevils as dauer (dispersal third stage) juveniles and the dauers enter the weevil tracheal system forming an abnormal expansion on the weevil trachea (atrium). Thus, the nematode is hypothesised to be an amensal/phoretic associate of the weevil because the abnormal expansion appeared to inhibit weevil respiration. The propagative stages of the nematode are associated with dead trees (wood and bark materials) and are thought to feed there on naturally propagated fungi. Morphologically, the new species is considered an undescribed species close to B. antoniae, B. chengi and B. hylobianum. Within these four species, the new species, which is described herein as B. niphades n. sp., is closest to B. chengi, i.e., the typological character of these two species are almost identical to each other and is distinguished by some minor characters (structure of the male P4 genital papillae and spicule length). The molecular phylogenetic analysis supported the morphological observations. Bursaphelenchus niphades n. sp. formed a well supported subclade with the four species and is intermediate between B. hylobianum and B. chengi; however, it is distinguished by the molecular sequences of some ribosomal RNA genes. Because three of these four species are associated with weevil species, the subclade is considered a ‘weevil-associated’ species group.

Affiliations: 1: 1Laboratory of Terrestrial Microbial Ecology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan; 2: 2Forest Pathology Laboratory, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan; 3: 3Tohoku Research Center, FFPRI, 92-25 Nabeyashiki, Shimokuriyagawa, Morioka, Iwate 020-0123, Japan

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2014-01-01
2016-12-08

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