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Morphological and molecular characterisation of some Hemicriconemoides species (Nematoda: Criconematidae) together with a phylogeny of the genus

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Sheathoid nematodes of the genus Hemicriconemoides are migratory root-ectoparasites of many plants including various agricultural crops and fruit trees. They are generally found inhabiting warm areas of the world and presently consist of 52 valid species. In this study we provide morphological and molecular characterisation of 12 species of this genus viz.: H. alexis, H. brachyurus, H. californianus, H. chitwoodi, H. macrodorus, H. minutus, H. ortonwilliamsi, H. promissus, H. silvaticus, H. strictathecatus, H. wessoni and Hemicriconemoides sp. originating from China, Greece, Japan, Myanmar, Spain, South Africa and the USA. Morphological descriptions, measurements, light and scanning electron microscopic observations and drawings are given for several species. Phylogenetic relationships within Hemicriconemoides, as inferred from the analyses of the D2-D3 of 28S rRNA and ITS-rRNA gene sequences, resulted in trees with three major clades that corresponded with species groupings based on morphology of the lip pattern and vulval flap. PCR with species-specific primers were developed for H. californianus, H. chitwoodi and H. strictathecatus.

Affiliations: 1: 1National Collection of Nematodes, Biosystematics Programme, ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute, Private Bag X 134, Queenswood 0121, South Africa; 2: 2Laboratory for Electron Microscopy, North West University, Potchefstroom Campus, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa; 3: 3Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, DPI, Nematology Section, P.O. Box 147100 Gainesville, FL 32614-7100, USA; 4: 4Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante (IPP), Sezione di Bari, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Via G. Amendola 122D, 70126 Bari, Italy; 5: 5Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible (IAS), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario, ceiA3, Apdo. 4084, 14080 Córdoba, Spain

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2014-05-28
2016-12-05

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