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Morphological and molecular characterisation of Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (Steiner, 1914) Golden, 1956 and related species (Tylenchida: Hoplolaimidae) with a phylogeny of the genus

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Morphological identification of spiral nematodes of the genus Helicotylenchus is a difficult task because most characters used for their diagnosis vary within species. In this paper we provide morphological and molecular characterisations of several spiral nematodes, H. broadbalkiensis, H. digonicus, H. dihystera, H. microlobus, H. paxilli and H. pseudorobustus, collected in different geographical areas of USA, Switzerland, Italy, New Zealand, Spain, UK, South Korea and Russia. We suggest that H. microlobus and H. pseudorobustus are valid species separated from each other morphologically and molecularly. Seven species with distinct molecular characteristics are also distinguished, but are not ascribed morphologically to any specific taxon because of the low number of specimens available. Phylogenetic relationships of H. pseudorobustus with other Helicotylenchus species are given as inferred from the analyses of 154 sequences of the D2-D3 of 28S rRNA gene and 37 sequences of ITS rRNA gene.

Affiliations: 1: 3Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante (IPSP), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (C.N.R.), U.O.S. di Bari, Via G. Amendola 122D, 70126 Bari, Italy; 2: 4Julius Kühn-Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen Institut für Epidemiologie und Pathogendiagnostik Toppheideweg 88, 48161 Münster, Germany; 3: 5Agroscope, Institute for Plant Production Sciences, IPS, Schloss 1, P.O. Box, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland; 4: 2Center of Parasitology of A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii Prospect 33, Moscow 117071, Russia; 5: 6Department of AgroEcology, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, UK; 6: 7Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, DPI, Nematology Section, P.O. Box 147100, Gainesville, FL 32614-7100, USA; 7: 8Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAS), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Avenida Menéndez Pidal s/n, Apdo. 4084, 14080-Córdoba, Spain

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2015-01-12
2017-11-25

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