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Parasitodiplogaster salicifoliae n. sp. (Nematoda: Diplogastridae) from Ficus ingens and F. salicifolia in South Africa

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Parasitodiplogaster salicifoliae n. sp. was isolated from Ficus salicifolia and F. ingens from South Africa and is described and depicted herein. Molecular sequence (D2-D3 expansion segments of the large subunit (LSU) ribosomal DNA and a fragment of mtCOI) and morphological comparisons with P. australis from F. virens from Australia support a monophyletic lineage of fig wasp-associated diplogastrids within what is currently accepted as Parasitodiplogaster from figs in the subgenus Urostigma, section Urostigma, subsection Urostigma. This ranking within Parasitodiplogaster is conditional upon examination of more material from figs from the subsection Urostigma from its putative centre of origin (Indo-Australasia) because the morphology (presence of one prodelphic ovary vs two amphidelphic ovaries and several other autapomorphic features) and molecular data are suggestive of a potentially well-defined radiation of nematode species. Parasitodiplogaster salicifoliae n. sp. can be typologically distinguished from its nearest known relative, P. australis, by the male genital papillae number and arrangement, as well as spicule shape.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa; 2: 3Fort Lauderdale Research and Education Center, University of Florida-IFAS, 3205 College Avenue, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314-7719, USA

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2015-03-23
2018-09-26

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