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Damage thresholds and population dynamics of Meloidogyne chitwoodion carrot ( Daucus carota) at different seed densities

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Yield loss of carrot ( Daucus carota) cv. Nerac caused by Meloidogyne chitwoodiand population dynamics of this nematode were studied using a range of 13 nematode densities at three seed densities (2, 4, 18 seeds pot −1) in a climate-controlled glasshouse. Yield and quality data were fitted to Seinhorst’s yield models. Final population densities were fitted to the population dynamic models for sedentary and free-living nematodes. The tolerance limits for yield loss were 0.34, 0.62 and 0.50, while that of quality were 0.012, 0.142 and 0.813 second-stage juveniles (J2) (g dry soil) −1at increasing seed densities, respectively. The minimum yield (m), increased with seed density: 0.25, 0.30 and 0.50; the minimum quality yield was 0.10, 0.08 and 0.15 J2 (g dry soil) −1at increasing seed densities, respectively. Both maximum multiplication rates and maximum population densities increased with increasing seed density but were generally low. Carrot cv. Nerac can be considered a bad host for M. chitwoodi.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Entomology and Nematology, Natural Area Drive, University of Florida, Box 110620, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620, USA; 2: 2Plant Research International, Plant Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, P.O. Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands

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2015-06-04
2017-09-26

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