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Characterisation of, and entomopathogenic studies on, Pristionchus aerivorus(Cobb inMerrill & Ford, 1916) Chitwood, 1937 (Rhabditida: Diplogastridae) from North Carolina, USA

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During a survey of entomopathogenic nematodes in North Carolina, USA, a Pristionchusspecies was recovered using the Galleriabait method. Morphological studies with light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, mating tests with reference strains, as well as molecular analyses of the near-full-length small subunit rRNA gene (18S) and D2-D3 expansion segments of the large subunit rRNA gene (28S) identified this isolate as Pristionchus aerivorus. Exposed Gallerialarvae were killed within 48 h and high numbers of nematodes were recovered from the cadavers about 5 days later. Preliminary tests revealed that this nematode is capable of infecting at least two other insect species ( Helicoverpa zeaand Tenebrio molitor) under laboratory conditions. The status of the genus Chroniodiplogasteris discussed and confirmed as a junior synonym of Pristionchusbased on morphological observation and molecular phylogenetic analysis.

Affiliations: 1: 1Nematode Assay Section, Agronomic Division, North Carolina Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, 4300 Reedy Creek Road, Raleigh, NC 27607, USA; 2: 2Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Environmental Health Program/Invertebrate Biodiversity, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6; 3: 3Forest Pathology Laboratory, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan; 4: 4Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7613, Raleigh, NC 27695-7613, USA

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/content/journals/10.1163/15685411-00002891
2015-06-04
2017-09-22

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