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Description of Bursaphelenchus ulmophilussp. n. (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchinae) associated with Dutch elm disease of Ulmus glabraHuds. in the Russian North West

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A new species, Bursaphelenchus ulmophilussp. n., from the hofmannigroup is described morphologically and molecularly. This nematode species was found associated with Dutch elm disease of Ulmus glabrain parks of St Petersburg, Russia, and is vectored by adults and larvae of the bark beetles Scolytus multistriatusand S. scolytus. Bursaphelenchus ulmophilussp. n. is characterised by the following features: body length 600-850 μm, stylet 12-14 μm long with base slightly and smoothly expanded, but lacking knobs, median bulb almost spherical in female and slightly ovoid in male, pharyngeal gland lobe dorsal, 4-5 body diam. long. This species has an oval spermatheca filled with spherical nucleic sperm 4-5 μm diam. Female post-uterine sac ca0.5 of the vulva-anus distance and ca3 vulval body diam. long, female tail reflexed, strongly hooked ventrally with a digitate or conically rounded tip. The male has seven caudal papillae arranged as 1 + 2 + 2 + 2, P1 is unpaired, anterior to cloacal opening, paired P2 at cloacal aperture, paired P3 and paired pore-like ‘gland papilla’ P4 at the lateral edges of the bursa which has the posterior border rounded to truncate. Phylogenetic analyses of the D2-D3 of 28S rRNA, partial 18S rRNA and ITS rRNA gene sequences revealed that B. ulmophilussp. n. formed a clade with species of the hofmannigroup and shared close relationships with B. hofmanniand B. pinasteri.

Affiliations: 1: 1Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya 1, St Petersburg 199034, Russia; 2: 2St Petersburg State Forest Technical University, Institutskiy Pereulok 5, St Petersburg 194021, Russia

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2015-07-22
2017-11-23

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