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Microbiota from Meloidogyne exiguaegg masses and evidence for the effect of volatiles on infective juvenile survival

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For more content, see Nematologica.

Egg masses of Meloidogyne exiguafrom coffee plants are subjected to a range of microbial populations and these resident soil organisms in the egg masses may affect nematode communities. The incidence of fungi and bacteria in M. exiguaegg masses was investigated and the toxic effect of their volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was tested on second-stage juveniles (J2). Bacteria and fungi were isolated from egg masses on coffee root and identified to species. The nematicidal activity of VOCs from bacterial and fungal strains was tested against M. exiguain in vitroexperiments. Several bacterial and fungal strains were found in M. exiguaegg masses and produced VOCs that were toxic to M. exiguaJ2. Bacterial strains induced more nematode mortality compared with fungal strains. The continued colonisation of fungi and bacteria in M. exiguaegg masses occurred during the year and their VOCs reduced the viable inocula of M. exiguaand should be explored as biocontrol agents.

Affiliations: 1: 1Laboratory of Nematology, Department of Plant Pathology, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), P.O. Box 3037, 37200-000 Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil; 2: 2Laboratory of Fungus Systematics and Ecology, Department of Plant Pathology, Federal University of Lavras (UFLA), P.O. Box 3037, 37200-000 Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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/content/journals/10.1163/15685411-00002904
2015-07-22
2017-11-21

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