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Influence of pesticides, soil temperature and moisture on entomopathogenic nematodes from southern Benin and control of underground termite nest populations

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The influence of three pesticides on the viability and infectivity of four Beninese isolates of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN), Heterorhabditis indicaAyogbe1, H. sonorensisAzohoue2, H. sonorensisZe3, and Steinernemasp. Bembereke, was determined. The impact of both soil temperature and soil moisture on the virulence of these EPN to Trinervitermes occidentaliswas investigated in laboratory assays. The effect of EPN-infected Galleria mellonellalarvae on underground populations of Macrotermes bellicosuswas also examined. All tested Heterorhabditisspecies were more tolerant to glyphosate and fipronil than the Steinernemaspecies. Heterorhabditis sonorensisAzohoue2, showed the best results with 63.2% termite mortality at a soil temperature of 35°C. The increase of soil moisture to 20% (w/w) did not negatively influence the virulence of tested EPN. The underground populations of 71% or 60% treated nests were controlled by H. sonorensisAzohoue2- or H. indicaAyogbe1-infected G. mellonellalarvae, respectively.

Affiliations: 1: 1Higher National School of Agronomic Sciences and Techniques of Djougou, University of Parakou, P.O. Box, 123 Benin

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2015-10-26
2017-11-18

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