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The effects of α-solanine and zinc sulphate on the behaviour of potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensisand G. pallida

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Two behavioural assays were carried out: one on the attraction of potato cyst nematodes (PCN), Globodera rostochiensisand G. pallida, to solanaceae-specific secondary metabolite α-solanine, the other on the effect of ZnSO 4(a compound known to suppress chemoreceptors). The first assay demonstrated that α-solanine was attractive to second-stage juveniles (J2) of PCN; G. pallidawas attracted to concentrations of 10 −4 M and 10 −5 M, whereas G. rostochiensiswas attracted to 10 −5 M. Globodera pallidareacted faster than G. rostochiensisto the same concentration of α-solanine. As α-solanine is produced by host plants of PCN, this compound is attributed to kairomones. The response to α-solanine of nematodes pre-exposed to a 3 mM ZnSO 4solution was significantly suppressed compared to that of water control. The effect was observed throughout the whole testing period (30 min). This is the first evidence that both α-solanine and ZnSO 4can affect the behaviour of hatched J2 of PCN.

Affiliations: 1: Nature Research Centre, Institute of Ecology, Akademijos Str. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius-21, Lithuania

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2015-10-26
2017-11-22

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