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Morphological characters of dauer juveniles of three species of Bursaphelenchus Fuchs, 1937

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The morphological characteristics of dauer juveniles were examined for Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, B. firmae and B. mucronatus kolymensis. Dauer juveniles of B. xylophilus and B. firmae were collected directly from their carrier insects, Monochamus alternatus and M. grandis, respectively. Bursaphelenchs m. kolymensis dauer juveniles were induced experimentally using M. alternatus pupae. The dauer juveniles of these three species were distinguished according to their respective body shapes. Bursaphelenchus xylophilus was relatively slender compared to the other species. The position of the excretory pore was anterior to the median bulb in B. firmae, overlapping with the median bulb in B. xylophilus, and posterior to, or overlapping with, the posterior part of the median bulb in B. m. kolymensis. The tail tip of B. firmae was conical, that of B. xylophilus contained a short projection, while in B. m. kolymensis the tail tip was blunt with a thick mucron.

Affiliations: 1: 1Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI), 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan; 2: 2Tohoku Research Center, FFPRI, 92-25 Nabeyashiki, Shimo-kuriyagawa, Morioka, Iwate 020-0123, Japan; 3: 3Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo 1-1-1, Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan


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