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Toxicity of ethanol solutions and vapours against Meloidogyne incognita

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For more content, see Nematologica.

Ethanol (EtOH) is less harmful to humans than currently available nematicide molecules. This study evaluated the efficacy of EtOH in controlling Meloidogyne incognita in vitro and in lettuce plants under glasshouse conditions. Aqueous EtOH solutions (5-70% volume) and their vapours caused an acute nematicidal effect in vitro in second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. incognita and reduced hatching of J2. There was a large reduction of galls and eggs in the root system when 40 ml of EtOH was applied to M. incognita-infested soil at concentrations of 40 and 70%. Water exposed to EtOH vapours for 1 h became toxic, and a 12-h exposure caused 100% J2 mortality. Use of a plastic cover did not increase the efficiency of EtOH in controlling M. incognita in lettuce plants. The observed EtOH effects indicate its prospective use in controlling plant-parasitic nematodes, especially in glasshouses.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Plant Pathology, Federal University of Lavras, Lavras, MG, 37200-000, Brazil ; 2: 2RioVerde University, Campus Rio Verde, Rio Verde – GO, 75901-970, Brazil

*Corresponding author, e-mail: vpcampos@dfp.ufla.br
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2017-03-15
2018-04-20

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